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CLIMATE OF UKRAINE


Climate is the weather a certain[1] place has over a long period of time. Climate has a very important influence on plants, animals and people, and it varies in different parts of the world.

The climate of any country is determined[2] by its geographical position. Ukraine's territory is in the temperate zone. In general the country's climate is moderate-continental, subtropical only in the southern part of the Crimea. The differences in climate are caused[3] by many factors: landscape, distance to seas and oceans... The climate varies not only from the north to the south, but also from the northwest to the southwest as the warm air masses are moving from the northwestern part of Atlantic Ocean.

The average4 temperature in Ukraine varies between +5; +7 °C in the north and +11; +13 °C in the south.

The coldest month is January with a record low of -42 °C. The warmest month is July with a record high of +40 °C. Rain and snow ranges5 from about 76 cm a year in the north to about 23 cm in the south. The highest rainfall is in the Carpathian and Crimean mountains.

But recently the climate has changed a lot. Some scientists think the weather becomes hotter. Winters have become warmer. Sometimes there is little snow in January, and there were winters when it rained on the New Year's Eve in Ukraine.

Can these changes be dangerous for our country or even planet? Earth is

millions of years old. We know many of its secrets. Yet, there is still much to learn

1certain [’s3:tn] — певний                             4 average [aevridj] — середній

[2]to determine [di’t3:min] — визначати         5to range [reind3] — коливатися

[3]to be caused (by) — бути спричиненим                                в межах

Додано: 6 травня
Предмет: Англійська мова, 8 клас
Копія з тесту: CLIMATE OF UKRAINE
Тест виконано: 123 рази
12 запитань
Запитання 1

The weather of a certain place has over a long period of time is ...

варіанти відповідей

 landscape

weather forcast


climate


temperature

Запитання 2

The climate of what country is described in the text?

варіанти відповідей
Запитання 3

The climate in different parts of the world is

варіанти відповідей

the same

different

Запитання 4

Ukraine's territory is in ..... zone.

варіанти відповідей

continental

 mediterranean

tropical

temperate

Запитання 5

What factors influence the climate?

варіанти відповідей

sun

distance to seas and oceans

landscape

weather

Запитання 6

What is moving from the northwestern part of the Atlantic Ocean?

варіанти відповідей

 air masses

 clouds

winds

water

Запитання 7

The average temperature in Ukraine in the south is ...

варіанти відповідей

+11, +13 C

 -40 C

+5, +7 C

+42C

Запитання 8

January is ...

варіанти відповідей

the hottest month.

the coldest month.

the most beautiful month.

the warmest month.

Запитання 9

The warmest month is ...

варіанти відповідей

June

January

July

September

Запитання 10

There is the highest ..... in the Carpathian and Crimean mountains.

варіанти відповідей

 waterfall

snowfall

rainfall

mountain

Запитання 11

What do some scientists think about the weather in Ukraine?

варіанти відповідей

It's becoming better.

 It's becoming frostier.

It's becoming cooler.


It's becoming hotter.

Запитання 12

Can the climate changing be dangerous for our country or even planet?

варіанти відповідей

Yes, it can.

No, it can't.

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