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Musical instruments

Musical instruments are often separated into five categories: woodwind, brass, string, keyboard and percussion. Many musicians would add the human voice as a category—and music lovers the world over might be quick to argue that the human voice is the ultimate musical instrument.

At last count, nobody knows for sure how many different kinds of musical instruments exist.

Додано: 13 березня 2020
Предмет: Англійська мова, 8 клас
12 запитань
Запитання 1

Guitar

is a string instrument with anything from four to eighteen strings with a normal guitar having six strings. The sound is projected acoustically and it is typically played by strumming (or plucking) the strings with one hand and fretting the strings with the other hand.

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Запитання 2

The piano

The modern piano has 36 black and 52 white keys, making a total of 88 keys and is played using a keyboard. The piano was first invented around 1700 and is used for many types of music including classical, jazz, traditional and popular.

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Запитання 3

Drums

are percussion instruments and are the oldest form of instruments, existing in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. Drums produce sounds by the vibration of a stretched membrane

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Запитання 4

The violin

is a string instrument and is the smallest and highest-pitched instrument in its family. Typically, the violin has four strings and is usually played by drawing a bow across its strings. Violins are important musical instruments in a wide variety of musical genres including jazz, country, metal and folk music.

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Запитання 5

The saxophone

is closely related to the clarinet and is a woodwind instrument. They are typically made of brass and played with a mouthpiece, much like that of the clarinet. Invented by Adolphe Sax in 1840, the saxophone is most commonly used in classical music, marching and military bands and jazz.

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Запитання 6

The flute

belongs to the woodwind family and produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening. The pitch of the sound is changed when the player opens or closes the various holes in its body.

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Запитання 7

The cello

is a bowed stringed orchestral instrument that is versatile with a rich voice. A member of the violin family, cellos are most closely associated with European classical music. The cello is normally made from wood and the top and back are traditionally hand-carved.

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Запитання 8

The trumpet

Music is created from small gusts of air that are blown strategically into the trumpet in order to cause vibrations inside the tube.

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Запитання 9

The harp

is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.

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Запитання 10

Organ

is a musical instrument commonly used in churches or cathedrals that produces sound by driving pressurized air through pipes selected via a keyboard.

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Запитання 11

A xylophone

is a percussion instrument where small tuned plates are vibrated using a hammer. It is a very ancient instrument which probably was first made in Asia.

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Запитання 12

The triangle

 is a musical instrument with three sides and curved corners. There is always one corner where the sides do not join. This makes it possible for the instrument to vibrate.

The player holds a small piece of string or leather from which the triangle is hanging, and he makes a sound by hitting the triangle with a triangle beater.

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