The era is often associated with the name of President Eisenhower, who seemed to be the symbol of the time. Changes in economy produced new patterns of living – more and more people were moving to the suburbs. Suburban life, though comfortable and well-arranged, was not available for all Americans – usually there lived only white middle-class, while thousands of blacks, Native Americans and Mexican Americans suffered poverty.
NEW PATTERNS OF LIVINGMany Americans migrated to new places, which could provide jobs and better conditions;Sunbelt appeared – the area running from southern California across the Southwest and South all the way to the Atlantic coast;California became the most popular state in the Union;New highways and roads were costructed;In 1956 a 41.000 mile national wide network of highways was launched;The notion of megapolis appeared, almost uninterrupted metropolitan complex stretching along the northeastern seaboard of the US, “Boswash” (included parts of Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington).
Raising standards of living gave way to the baby boom of the 1940’s-1960’s;During the 1950’s there was 19% increase in the US population;Suburbanization of America, mass production was used for house building;America government that supported housing boom, refused to guarantee suburban home loans to the poor, nonwhites, Jews, and other “inharmonious racial and ethnic groups”;The term “family togetherness” was coined to show an ideal family. Due to baby boom, in 1950’s California opened a new school every week;The Bible topped the best-seller lists and millions of Americans bacame “born again” Christians as they joined evangelical churches. CHANGES IN SOCIETY