Урок на тему :"Landscape design"

Про матеріал
Заняття на тему "Landscape design" для студентів вищих навчальних закладів. Спеціальність : "Ландшафтний дизайн". Використана спецлексика та тексти за професійним спрямуванням.
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Тема: Робота над текстами за професійним спрямуванням. Landscape design.

 

Мета:

Навчальна ознайомити учнів з новою лексикою з теми, навчити використовувати нову лексику в мовленні .

Розвивальна: розвивати навички читання, аудіювання, письма, діалогічного та монологічного мовлення, розвивати в учнів інтерес до вивчення англійської мови.

 Виховна: виховувати в учнів повагу до природи та любити обрану професію .

Тип уроку: комбінований

Обладнання уроку: роздатковий матеріал, картки для контролю аудіювання, картки для контролю читання, граматичні картки, слайд-шоу, проектор.

Хід уроку.

  1. Організаційний момент.

Good morning stulents!.

How are you?

  • Tell me please, whot day is it today?
  • And whot date is it today?
  • Who is absent today?

 

ІІ. Підготовка до сприйняття іншомовного матеріалу.

Повідомлення теми та мети уроку

Students!. Today's them is called « Landscape design».

Today, we will learn new words and word connections, lead dialogues, play. But first we check the     homework.

ІІІ Основна частина уроку.

 Перевірка домашнього завдання.

You have studied the topic "Agrikultur in Ukraine". Now we see how you have learned it.

Read the text, insert the correct words and ansver some quastions.

Ukraine has very favourable conditions for the development of agricultural production: fertile soils, temperately warm climate, a well-developed industry processing agricultural raw materials. All the principal areas of plant cultivation are: grain and industrial crops, meadow crops, fruit and vegetable raising. Almost half of the cropping area is occupied by cereals such as: winter wheat, is sown mainly in Steppe and Forest-Steppe zones. Maize is grown mostly in Transcarpathia and Steppe zones. Buckwheat, millet, rice play an important role.

Raw, meadow, agricultural, millet, warm climate, grown, industrial, area, Steppe, favourable.

  1. What are the conditions for the development of Ukrainian agriculture?
  2. Where is winter wheat sown?
  3. What are its principal areas of plant cultivation?

 

Активізація мовних навичок.

 Today we are talking about Landscape design.

Запитання до учнів  

What do you think what is a landscape design?

Landscape design is a result of human's activity on a plot of land for creating beautiful views.

Landscape design is a method of providing inside territories with artistic value.

 

Подання нового матеріалу.

So our theme is the landscape design and we will talk about it today.

1. Let's read and write down a new vocabulary to the topic.

( Подання нової лексики)

human's activity – людська діяльність

a providing – надання, впровадження

natural views – природні краєвиди

paths and walks – стежки та доріжки

a pavilion - павільйон

a  pergola - альтанка

an  arch - арка

a stony slope – кам’янистий схил

garden water features – садові водяні споруди

an illumination - освітлення

Студенти записують нову лексику.

 

2. Let's read the text "Landscape design"

LANDSCAPE DESIGN

Landscape design is a result of human's activity on a plot of land for creating beautiful views.

Landscape design is a method of providing inside territories with artistic value. Landscape design has some styles.

Landscape style is a style of landscape design based on natural views without geometric figures, with flexible forms of garden constructions: paths and walks, walling, pavilion, pergola, arch, - with flexible forms of garden water features: garden reservoirs, ponds, - with flexible forms of groups of landscape plants: trees, bushes, flowers in flower bed.

 

We use a landscape plants from our nursery that makes the process of greenery very quick and simple. These elements are well based on the background of garden hedge and lawn.

Elements of landscape design:

- stony slope with garden pond or reservoir;

- area for the rest with garden pavilion or other constructions between trees;

  •     wall of stone with flowers or other rocks in a garden;
  •     garden water features: spring, stream and pond or reservoir with garden rocks on
    the banks and bushes, flowers between them.

Landscape project is an artistic passport of a plot. There are usually some zones in the landscape design of the garden without clear limits, which are in regard with illumination of sunlight.

It's important to project out beautiful views and isolate poor details, to take into account the wishes of the plot's owner and opportunity of maintenance of the landscape project. One can have got not many landscape plants: trees, bushes, flowers - or elements of landscape design in the garden: flower-bed, pavilion, garden reservoir or pond, garden rocks - but everything is to be in harmony with each other.

Please, answer the questions to the text.

What is a landscape design?

What is a landscape style?

What kind of garden designs do you know?

What plants do we use for landscaping?

What elements of landscape design do you know?

 

  1. Do you know the names of plants used in landscape design?  So, our students will tell us about these plants.

Landscape plants (trees and bushes) differ from each other by color, size of leaves and flowers, by trunks and sprouts. One is to get to know peculiarity of growth and developing of trees and bushes so that to compose them nicely.

 

Cornus alba - bush till 3 meters height. It blossom two times a season with white inflorescences, then white with blue shadow fruits are appearing. After autumn fall of the leave bush's barks of cherry color is becoming visual. It is very fitted bush for the garden hedge, grown by nature.

 

Japanese quince-tree (Chaenomeles) - a thorny bush of 0,5 meters height. Leaves don't fell down till November and the bush is reminded evergreen. In May - June the bush blossoms with big (till 4 centimeters) orange and red flowers. Then apple-shaped fruits appear on the bush.

These bush's fruits use for cooking jam. Japanese quince tree is very fitted bush for low garden hedge.

 

Barberries (Berberis) - thorny bush for high (2,5 meters) garden hedge. The bush can be trimmed. In June the bush blossoms with yellow fragrant flowers. Bright red fruits stay on the bush's sprouts all the winter. Barberries is a unpretentious, drought-resistant bush. There is barberries Thunbergii not so high bush (till 1,2 meter height). This bush uses for garden hedge too.

There is bush of barberries with yellow foliage (Aurea) and with purple foliage (Atropurpurea). Barberries is very fitted bush for middle and high garden hedge.

Chestnut-tree (Aesculus hippocastanum) - a tree of 15 meters height by conditions of Moscow area, big white with pink shadow inflorescence like candles, nice, big dark-green leaves. Expressive graphicity of tree's sprouts after foliage are fallen down (it is deciduous tree) look nicely. Big buds of chestnut-tree remind flower-bud in spring.

 

Weeping willow (Salix pendula) - a tree till 4-5 meters height with fallen branches, narrow long leaves that are silver-like from bellow. Weeping willow tree looks nicely near a water in a garden. The tree is very unpretentious and winter-resistant.

 

  1. Thank you girls it was very interesting, and now we have text for listening. But first look at the board here are new words and phrases.

 

Greenery - озеленення

laborious process- трудомісткий процес

humidity- вологість

scattered light –розсіяне світло

cultivate- обробляти, культивувати

seeds- насіння

layer - шар

saplings - саджанці

Подання тексту для аудіювання.

GREENERY

Greenery is the planting of plants. Planting of greenery is a laborious process. You are to take into account peculiarity of soil, light, humidity, relief. Then to choose landscape plants for greenery, which have necessary frost-, winter-cold- and drought-resistance. Some landscape plants for greenery love a bright light, some landscape plants for greenery prefer scattered light or shade. There are landscape plants for greenery which well naturalized for long-term cold spells. We cultivate only such landscape plants for greenery in our nursery for plots, and heat-loving landscape plants use for interior landscape design for home and office.

Landscape plants for greenery we cultivate in our nursery on the North from Moscow and guarantee their taking root. We have got young landscape plants for greenery in our nursery newly grown from seeds (seedling), landscape plants for greenery grown by cutting shot piece of a plant (graft) and landscape plants for greenery newly grown by layers. Our nursery guarantee quality of the landscape plants for greenery of your garden.. Different methods of propagation supply our company with qualitative saplings in sufficient quantity. We sell our landscape plants for greenery in pots and drugged out with clumps of earth.

Greenery needs some analyses of a soil. It is necessary to carry out:

  • topographical survey;
  • to find out of the subsoil water's level;
  • analyze fertility of a soil (strongly acid, weakly acid, neutral, strongly or weakly
    alkaline, how much humus, nutrient elements it has);
  • if it is necessary to make a project of drainage system;
  • if it is necessary to make a project of automatic sprinkling system.

Сontinue the sentences.

Planting of greenery is ……………

You are to take into account peculiarity of …………

Some landscape plants for greenery love …………….

Different methods of propagation supply our company with…………..

Greenery needs some analyses of a soil. It is necessary to carry out………….

  1. Well, what do you know about garden constructions? Garden constructions are driveway, paths, walks, walling, garden pavilion, gazebo, pergola, screened porch and arch, and at last different items of rocks in the garden. A few words about some of them tell us our students.

Driveway, paths, walks - we are carrying out paving by stone for driveway, using a sand or gravel for garden paths and walks. This garden construction is the first step in the maintenance of a landscape design.

Walling - whether it to be for privacy, shelter, to create a barrier or simply to frame an area, walls can play an important part in landscape design. This garden construction is built not often.

Pavilion, gazebo - is a not big building for the rest near a reservoir in a garden with excellent panorama of a landscape design. As a rule pavilions have dot a simple garden construction. This garden construction is to be carried out according to the project. In the project of a garden construction of the pavilion is to have got some decorative elements. Lianas planted near a pavilion attach a particular romance to this garden construction.

Pergola - here we use the term "pergola" to mean any kind of garden constructions formed from rows of upright wooden pillars supporting horizontal beam such as covered walkways. Pergola is an attractive element of landscape design.

Arch and porch - a decorative screened arch or porch covered with climbing roses and honeysuckle vines attract beetles and butterflies. In landscape design one can use arch and porch of different materials: wood, stone, metal. Pergola, a decorative screened porch covered with climbing roses and honeysuckle vines attract  butterflies.

 

Thank you very much, it was very interesting. Today you all worked very well. Please let your notebooks for  checking.

IV Підсумок  уроку

Do you have some questions?

Your marks are..

V Домашнє завдання

Learn vocabulary and prepare telling about one of the most famouse garden of the world.

 

 

 

 

 

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До підручника
Англійська мова (10-й рік навчання, рівень стандарту) 11 клас (Карпюк О.Д.)
Додано
17 жовтня 2022
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