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London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and cultural centre. It’s one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is more than 8 million people. London is situated on the river Thames. It was founded more than two thousand years ago.

London is an ancient city. It appeared at the place where the Roman invaders decided to build a bridge over the Thames. There are four parts in London: West End, East End, the City and Westminster.

The City is the oldest part of London, its financial and business centre. There are many offices, companies and banks in this part of the capital.

Westminster is also important part of the capital. It’s an aristocratic part and administrative centre of London. The Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Government, are there.

West End, the richest and most beautiful part of London. It is the symbol of wealth and luxury. The best hotels, shops, restaurants, clubs, and theatres are situated there.

East End, an industrial district of the capital. Most of plants and factories are situated there.

London Big Ben   Also known as Big Ben, the officially named Elizabeth Tower was completed in 1858. A renowned landmark of London, it’s found next to the Houses of Parliament, which makes it just about the most important building in the area. Big Ben is an excellent timekeeper, which has rarely stopped. The name Big Ben actually refers not to the clock-tower itself, but to the thirteen ton bell hung within. The bell was named after the first commissioner of works, Sir Benjamin Hall.

London Tower Bridge Built between 1886 - 1894, Tower Bridge crosses the River Thames and is an iconic symbol of London. It takes its name from the closely located Tower of London. Not to be confused with London Bridge, the next bridge upstream.

Houses of Parliament. The Houses of Parliament, known as The Palace of Westminster, stands on the site where Edward the Confessor had the original palace built in the first half of the 11 century. The Palace of Westminster has been home to the English Parliament.

 In Britain the Queen is the Head of State. She is officially the head of the state. Elizabeth II lives in the Buckingham Palace. On 6 February (1952) it has been 65 years since Her Majesty acceded to the throne. She is the first sovereign in the history of British Monarchy to reach the 65 years on the throne.

A double-decker bus is a bus that has two storeys or decks. Double-decker buses are used for mass transport in the United Kingdom.

 

 

 

1. What do you know about London?

2. What parts is London traditionally divided into?

3. What do you know about City, Westminster, West End, East End?

4. What is Big Ben? What do you know about it?

5. What do you know about Tower Bridge and Houses of Parliament?

6. Who is the Queen? What do you know about her?

7. What is “a red double-decker”?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A sight

Its description

1

The Tower of London

A

is the largest park in the West End of London. In the 19th century it became a popular place for public meetings.

2

London Eye

B

is the museum that we can find on the north side of Trafalgar Square.

3

Hyde Park

C

is the Queen’s official London residence. Tourists always go to see the ceremony of changing the Guard there.

4

Buckingham Palace

D

is the central square of the city. To the right of the square there is the National Gallery which has a fine collection of European paintings.

5

Big Ben

E

is the most famous of all the historical buildings in London. In the past the it  was a prison, but it is only a museum today.

6

National Gallery

F

is the name of the great bell. It is in the clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament.

7

The British Museum

G

is the biggest Ferris wheel in the world. It is by the river Thames in the middle of London. It’s height is 135 m with 32 glass capsules. it was opened to marc the end of 20th century and the beginning of the new millennium.

8

Tower Bridge.

H

is the biggest English church.

9

Trafalgar Square

I

It was opened in 1894 by the Royal Family. The bridge goes over the river Thames. It is 244 metres long, 16 metres wide and weighs 11000 tonnes.

10

Nelson's Column

J

is one of the largest museums in the world. It consists of the National Library and Museum of History, Archaelogy, Art and Ethnography

11

St Paul's Cathedral

K

is the figure of the great admiral in the centre of Trafalgar Square.

 

 

 

 

 

 

historical ancient city capital

places

 situated

national population

symbols             4 main parts

 

 

 

historical ancient city capital

places

 situated

national population

symbols             4 main parts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LONDON

 

1

The Thames[temz]

is a river of London.

2

Piccadilly Square[ˌpikə'dilē]

is situated on the crossroad of Piccadily Street and Regent Street.

There is a sculpture of Eros (the God of love) in the centre. It is famous for its neon signs. It is a favourite place of Londoners's meetings.

3

Nelson's Column

is a monument in Trafalgar Square built to commemorate Admiral Horatio Nelson, who died at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

4

Covent garden

is London's district. It is near Leicester Square.  It is a popular place for shopping. The famous Royal Opera House is situated here.

5

Trafalgar Square

Is a square in the centre of London. It is named after one battle. Admiral Nelson beat Napoleon at that battle. Nelson's column is in the centre of the square. Its height is 55 meters.

There are a lot of pigeons in this square. It is famous for it.

6

The National gallery ['næʃənl 'gæl(ə)rɪ]

is a place where we can find a lot of pictures of British painters.

7

Regent’s Park

is one of the Royal Park of London.

8

Buckingham Palace ['bʌkɪŋəm 'pæləs]

is the Queen’s official London residence. Tourists always go to see the ceremony of changing the Guard. It happens every day at 11.30 a.m.

9

Westminster Abbey [ˌwes(t)'mɪn(t)stə  æbɪ]

is a big Gothic church. It is a place of coronation of all British queens and kings.

10

Big Ben

It is in the clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament.

11

10 Houses of Parliament 

is the home of the parliament

12

The Tower of London

is the most famous of all the historical buildings in London.

ln the past it was a palace and ma prison. But it is only a museum now.

13

St Paul’s Cathedral[kə'θiːdr(ə)l]

is the greatest work of England's greatest architect Christopher Wren.

It  is the biggest English church. It is a famous church where kings, queens, and many famous people are buried.

14

Hyde Park [ˌhaɪd'pɑːk]

is the largest park in the West End of London.

In the 19th century it was a popular place for public meetings.There is the Speakers' Corner in this park now. It is a place where people can say all that they want about something.

15

The Greenwich Observatory

is the home of the Prime Meridian of the World.

It is London's only planetarium.

It has the National Library and the Museum of History, Archaelogy, Art and Ethnography.

16

Tower Bridge

is a symbol of London.

It is a bascule bridge over the River Thames.

17

The Tate Gallery

is situated at Trafalgar Square.

There are 2200 pictures of European painters in this gallery.

18

Madam Tussaud’s

is one of the most interesting museums.

There you can learn about London’s history and see wax figures of famous people.

19

 British Museum

is the biggest museum in London. The museum is famous for its the richest library in the world. Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of  human culture from its beginnings to the present. The British Museum was established in 1753.

20

The London Eye [aɪ]

is one of the new places of interest of London too.

It is the tallest Ferris wheel in Europe.

It is the most popular attraction in the United Kingdom.

Every year over 3.5 million people visit it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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