26 вересня о 18:00Вебінар: Особливості статевого виховання у школах України

Мультимедійний супровід до факультативного курсу "Пізнаємо Україну" 9 клас

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КАЛЕНДАРНО-ТЕМАТИЧНЕ ПЛАНУВАННЯ ФАКУЛЬТАТИВНОГО  КУРСУ

«Пізнаємо Україну»

 

9 КЛАС

35 год на рік

(І семестр – 16 годин, 1 година на тиждень, ІІ семестр  - 19 годин,

1 година на тиждень.)

 

І семестр

 

№ п/п

 

Дата

 

Тема заняття

 

К – ть

год.

 

Корегув.

1.

 

Тема 1. Загальні відомості про Україну.

Карта України.. Країни – сусіди України. Співробітництво з сусідніми державами.

1 год.

 

2.

 

Гори України. Водні ресурси країни. Адміністративний розподіл України.

1 год.

 

3.

 

Кліматичні умови країни

1 год.

 

4.

 

Пори року в Україні. Популярні місця для відпочинку туристів.

1 год.

 

5.

 

Державний устрій України.  Державний прапор України.

1 год.

 

6.

 

Історія виникнення державного гербу. Національний гімн України.

1 год.

 

7.

 

Традиції українського народу. Звичаї.

1 год.

 

8.

 

Український характер. Стиль життя українців. Стереотипи щодо українців. Мешканці села та міста.

1 год.

 

9.

 

Проектна робота.

Тематичне оцінювання.

1 год.

 

10.

 

Тема 2. Літературна спадщина України.

Джерела інформації. 

1 год.

 

11.

 

Бібліотеки країни. Національна бібліотека ім. В. Вернадського.

1 год.

 

12.

 

Т. Шевченко – духовний скарб України.

Біографія Т. Шевченка.

1 год.

 

13.

 

Художня спадщина Т. Шевченка.

1 год.

 

14.

 

Роль  Т. Шевченка в українській історії.

1 год.

 

15.

 

Визначні поетичні твори Т.Г. Шевченка.

1 год.

 

16.

 

Проектна робота.

1 год.

 

 

 

 

ІІ семестр

№ п/п

 

Дата

 

Тема заняття

 

К – ть

год.

 

Примітка

17.

 

Тема 3. Освіта в Україні.

Структура освіти в Україні.

1 год.

 

18.

 

Типи навчальних закладів в Україні.

1 год.

 

19.

 

Мовні школи в Україні.

1 год.

 

20.

 

Державні стандарти освіти.

1 год.

 

21.

 

Система незалежного тестування в Україні.

1 год.

 

22.

 

Вища освіта в Україні.

1 год.

 

23.

 

Проектна робота «Школа моєї мрії».

Тематичне оцінювання.

1 год.

 

24.

 

Тема 4. Культурне життя в Україні.

Українські національні музичні інструменти.

1 год.

 

25.

 

Історія національної музики.

1 год.

 

26.

 

Історія  національного танцю.

1 год.

 

27.

 

Душа української пісні.

1 год.

 

28.

 

Життя та діяльність М. Лисенка.

1 год.

 

29.

 

Засоби масової інформації в Україні.

1 год.

 

30.

 

Газети України.

1 год.

 

31.

 

Журнали України. Журнали для молоді.

1 год.

 

32.

 

Робота українських журналістів. Моє відношення до сучасної преси та новин.

1 год.

 

33-34

 

Робота над темами, визначеними вчителем.

2 год.

 

35.

 

Проектна робота.

1 год.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Зміст слайдів
Номер слайду 1

ФАКУЛЬТАТИВНИЙ КУРС«Пізнаємо Україну»Тема 2. Літературна спадщина України.

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Sources of information. Discussion: Name all sources of information that you know. Which of them is more popular? Why?Which of them is less popular? Why?Which of them is more popular for you? Why?How often do we get information?Task: Make dialogue “How I get information”

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Libraries of Ukraine. The Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine List of libraries On-line libraries Library of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Library of National Academy of State Government by President of Ukraine (Kiev) State Scientific and Technological Library of Ukraine (Kiev) National Parliamentary Library of Ukraine (Kiev) Scientific Library of National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy” Library of Shevchenko Scientific Society (New York)

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The National library of the VI Vernadsky. Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine - the main library of nationwide, statewide integrated library-information, research, scientific, methodological, cultural and educational center, the largest in terms of document-book depository of information resources Ukraine. One of the largest national libraries of the world. Dependent NAS of Ukraine, part of the Department of History, Philosophy and Law . As a particularly valuable cultural sites under state protection. The building is located in an area of 3 hectares. The vertical part of the building (book depository) has 27 floors, the horizontal part is reading rooms and offices Library. Building height - 76,7m (78, 6 meters with a spire).

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The interior is decorated with works of art of great artistic value. In the main lobby is located monumental and decorative panels "Pain earth" (by  V. Pasyvenko and  VM spinning , the area of 300 m²), made in the technique of  encaustic . The main subject of the disclosure of the composition is the main purpose of science - to protect life on Earth.

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Along the ramp (sloping stairs) connecting the first and second floors of the Library set 11 marble busts of prominent figures who have made a significant contribution to world science and culture:  Yaroslav the Wise , Ivan Fedorov,   Mikhail Lomonosov ,   Skovoroda ,   Nikolay Lobachevsky ,   Alexander Pushkin ,   Taras Shevchenko ,   Dmitry Mendeleyev ,   Mechnikov ,   Konstantin Tsiolkovsky  , and  Alexander Popov .

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Task: Make dialogue “I visit the library”1st pupil – librarian2nd pupil - visitor

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Taras Hryhorovich Shevchenko. Taras Hryhorovich Shevchenko (b. Feb. 25 [March 9, New Style], 1814, Morintsy, Ukraine, –d. Feb. 26 [March 10], 1861, St. Petersburg, Russia), is the foremost Ukrainian poet, prose writer, painter and playwright of the 19th century. He was a major figure of the Ukrainian national revival. Taras Shevchenko was a man of universal talent. All his life and creative work were dedicated to the people of Ukraine. The poet dreamed about the times when his country would be a free sovereign state, where the Ukrainian language, clture and history would be highly valued, and the people would be happy and free.

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Born a serf, Shevchenko was freed in 1838 while a student at the St. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts. His first collection of poems, entitled Kobzar (1840, "Kobzar"), expressed the historicism and the folkloristic interests of the Ukrainian Romantics, but his poetry soon moved away from nostalgia for Cossack life to a more sombre portrayal of Ukrainian history, particularly in the long poem " Haidamaks" (1841). In early 1847, Shevchenko started to work a teacher of visual arts at the Kyiv University. There, he has engaged in the activity of the clandestine St. Cyril and Methodius society. When the secret society was suppressed by the Russian authorities in 1847, Shevchenko was punished by exile and compulsory military service for writing the poems "Dream," "Caucasus," and "Epistle," which satirized the oppression of Ukraine by Russia and prophesied a revolution. Though forbidden to write or paint, Shevchenko clandestinely wrote a few lyrical poems during the first years of his exile. He had a revival of creativity after his release in 1857; his later poetry treats historical and moral issues, both Ukrainian and universal.

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n 1857, Taras Shevchenko was allowed to return from exile, and in 1858 he eventually returned to Moscow, and then came to St. Petersburg. In 1859 he has managed to come to Ukraine, yet he was refused the right to live in his homeland permanently, so he was forced to return to Petersburg. Having ruined his health during his ten year long exile, Taras Shevchenko passed away in early 1861. Taras Shevchenko is also one of the most prominent Ukrainian masters of visual arts. He has worked with easel painting, graphic arts, decorative and ornamental painting, as well as sculpture, watercolor and oil painting. He is the author of more than a thousand pieces of art (more than 160 of which are unfortunately lost). In 1859-1860, the artist has created etchings for the works of Russian and foreign authors. For this, he has was entitled to membership in the Academy of Etching.

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The name of Taras Shevchenko is well-known in the world - monuments to him were erected in numerous countries, his literary works were translated into almost all languages of the world. The National Opera House, Kyiv National University, a central boulevard in Kyiv as well as many establishments, streets and squares bear the name of the great Ukrainian poet and artist, Taras Shevchenko.

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Shevchenko's literary oeuvre consists of one mid-sized collection of poetry (Kobzar); the drama Nazar Stodolia and two play fragments; nine novellas, a diary, and an autobiography written in Russian; four articles; and over 250 letters. Already during his first period of literary activity (1837–43), he wrote highly sophisticated poetic works. He adapted the style and versification of Ukrainian folk songs to produce remarkably original poems with a complex and shifting metric structure, assonance and internal rhyme, masterfully applied caesuras and enjambments, and sophisticated alliterations grafted onto a 4 + 4 + 6 syllable unit derived from the kolomyika song structure. He also abandoned use of the regular strophe. Innovations can also be found in Shevchenko's use of epithets, similes, metaphors, symbols, and personifications. A man of his time, his worldview was influenced by Romanticism. But Shevchenko managed to find his own manner of poetic expression, which encompassed themes and ideas germane to Ukraine and his personal vision of its past and future.

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Task Find another poems of Ukrainian writers in English and Ukrainian

Зміст слайдів
Номер слайду 1

ФАКУЛЬТАТИВНИЙ КУРС«Пізнаємо Україну»Тема 3. Освіта в Україні.

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Education in Ukraine. Education plays a very important role in our life. It may reveal our abilities and help to choose the right occupation in life. It also influences the formation of the personality. We often remember our teachers for decades. The system of education in Ukraine includes secondary and higher education. The system of secondary education in Ukraine includes primary junior and senior secondary forms. Children usually start to go to school at the age of 6 or 7. Primary forms are 1—4 forms. Junior secondary forms are 5—9 forms. After the 9th form children may enter technical schools or colleges of different types. After the 11—12 forms children may enter higher educational institutions. Those who graduate from a technical school or a college may also study further at a higher educational institution.

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The system of higher education includes universities, academies, institutes and conservatories. They usually offer a five-year course of study. Nowadays a new system of training is introduced: Bachelor of Arts — B. A. and Master of Arts — M. A. When students receive their diploma, they may study further. Post-graduate education and scientific research work are not very popular now among young people. But in some fields of science there are outstanding research papers and discoveries.

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Task: Write a letter to your pen-friend in which tell him/ her about education in Ukraine and school where you study.

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Types of school in Ukraine

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Task: Make dialogue: the 1st pupil is from Ukraine, the 2nd pupil is from UK/ USA. Discuss system of education in your countries.

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Language schools in Ukraine

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Ukrainian Language School is a experienced school in Kiev to study Ukrainian as a foreign language with intensive one, two and three weeks Ukrainian language courses. We propose for our students:- Professionalism: Our teachers are masters and candidates of Philological Sciences with experience of work both in Ukraine and abroad for more than seven years. Also our teachers frequently improve their language and teaching skills.- Creativity: Classes are light and pleasant. Our students go to theaters, watch movies and listen to authentic Ukrainian music. Also we pay a great attention to interactive games, such as crossword puzzles on the knowledge basics words or different memory tasks.- Availability: Ukrainian language - from zero to hero!:) It’s the course for beginners and our lections would be easy to understand for you. Ukrainian language is understandable with Ukrainian Language School!We have one, two and there week intensive courses in our school. They are based on modern methods of teaching foreign languages. Lessons are focused on the oral communication and skills development. Our students listen to ukrainian texts on every lecture. There are day and evening intensive courses. Our students communicate with native speakers and with each others, they learn new words for odinary situations within the framework of this program.

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Task: Imagine, you are from England and decide to learn Ukrainian. Another pupil is coordinator from Ukrainian language school. Discuss: When you are coming;How long you are staying in Ukraine;What city is better for you;What another activities you want to try;What documents you need.

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Ukraine’s new education law. After the law was finally passed, Ukraine’s Minister of Education Liliya Grinevich called it “the key instrument for modernising Ukraine’s education system and bringing it up to EU standards”. One of the main changes is the introduction of 12-year school education. All children starting school in 2018 will have 12 years of obligatory education; those already at school now will, however, still have just 11 years.

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Learning will be divided into cycles at different levels: introductory-play, basic, introductory and basic subject-defined. To move up from one level to the next, pupils will have to pass a test, but it will only be definitive at primary level: after that it will be more of a review of the quality of education they are receiving. The new law also emphasises the need for school self-governance. Apart from standard school education, other things such as distance learning (online), external (independent), family or parental teaching (homeschooling) and home teaching (when a teacher visits a child at home if s/he can’t attend school for health reasons). Up until now, distance and external learning have only been available in a very few schools.

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Social factors. The rules for educating children with disabilities and additional support needs are separate from those of the mainstream. The expectation is that Ukrainian schools will become inclusive and these children will be in ordinary, not special classes. Schools will have to provide Braille and audio textbooks and teaching in sign language. The state must also provide primary and secondary educational facilities in the area where pupils live. Children living in villages without local schools should be provided with free bus transport paid for by the local authority, and the buses should be accessible for disabled pupils.

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External Independent Evaluation (ZNO)External Independent Evaluation (External testing, External testing, CT) - Entrance examinations in Ukraine. The complex of organizational procedures (first of all - testing) is aimed at determining the level of academic achievement of graduates of secondary schools when they enter higher education institutions. The purpose of external independent evaluation: ensuring the implementation of the constitutional rights of citizens to equal access to quality education, monitoring compliance with the State standard of basic and complete secondary education and analysis of the state of the education system, forecasting its development. The results of the external independent evaluation are counted as the results of state final attestation and as the results of entrance exams to higher education institutions.

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Weaknesses. Despite the fact that the person who is testing allowed for testing upon presentation of a passport, this protection was ineffective to prevent test taking another person. For example, a graduate student from the University of Lviv for a fee agreed in 2008 to make a test of the Ukrainian language and literature at the graduate school of one of Dnipropetrovsk. Rigging was found. Annual change the rules of admission to universities. In case of errors that occur are not very rare, applicants may be admitted their scores. Because of this act to university entrants this fails.

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Benefits. Creation of conditions for equal access to education for all, regardless of financial means. Objectivity (not always the case. Example, when checking their statements is a human factor)Dealing with corruption at the local level, but the emergence of global corruption. Getting closer to European standards

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Ukrainian education is considered to be one of the best in the world given it’s long and rich history. Higher educational institutions in Ukraine were first established in the 17th century and even then attracted students from all over the world. Experienced teachers and professors, a great diversity of specialties and European standards of quality make Ukrainian education popular among students worldwide. In 2005, Ukraine joined the Bologna Process which is a positive step towards integrating Ukrainian education into the European Higher Education Area. Ukrainian higher education institutions provide courses in Ukrainian, Russian or English. International students have the opportunity to study in more than 240 higher education institutions and gain specializations in different scientific fields. Every year, higher educational institutions welcome students from more than 150 countries.

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Зміст слайдів
Номер слайду 1

ФАКУЛЬТАТИВНИЙ КУРС«Пізнаємо Україну»Тема 4. Культурне життя в Україні.

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Ukrainian national musical instrument

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Watch video about musical instrumentshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5 YLg. Izbah. YE&list=PLg. QNij_I-b. Hb. Ezf. Gp. FUAXl. Iu7q. Ytqg. Rdj&index=14&t=29s

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The history of Ukrainian national music. Ukraine found itself at the crossroads of Asia and Europe and this is reflected within the music in a perplexing mix of exotic melismatic singing with chordal harmony which does not always easily fit the rules of traditional Western European harmony. The most striking general characteristic of authentic ethnic Ukrainian folk music is the wide use of minor modes or keys which incorporate augmented 2nd intervals. This is an indication that the major-minor system developed in Western European music did not become as entrenched or as sophisticated in Ukraine. Rhythmically the music rarely uses complex time-signatures, but compound meters are encountered, and the music can be extremely complex harmonically. Harmonically three and even four part harmony had developed and was recorded in the central steppe regions of Ukraine, but was not in popular use in the mountain regions by the late 19th century.

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Ritual songs show the greatest tendency to preservation. They are frequently in recitative style, essentially monodic, based on notes in the range of a third or a fourth. An example of this style is the theme for the Shchedrivka "Shchedryk" known in the West as "Carol of the Bells". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sg4 WEjxi2k4&list=PLg. QNij_I-b. Hb. Ezf. Gp. FUAXl. Iu7q. Ytqg. Rdj&index=16&t=0s A large group of Ukrainian ritual melodies fall within a perfect fourth with the main central tone as the lowest note. Many of the ritual Easter melodies known as Hayivky fall into this category. The tetrachordal system is also found in wedding and harvest songs. Folk dances often have melodies based on two tetrachords fused together. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oe1q. YTMa6kc&list=PLg. QNij_I-b. Hb. Ezf. Gp. FUAXl. Iu7q. Ytqg. Rdj&index=18&t=64s The pentatonic scale in anhemitonic form is common in spring songs known as Vesnianky. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cy. GWEh-9 Xsc&list=PLg. QNij_I-b. Hb. Ezf. Gp. FUAXl. Iu7q. Ytqg. Rdj&index=17&t=0s The bulk of Ukrainian folk songs melodies are based on scales identical to mеdieval modes, but differ in melodic structure. This is a feature of traditional paraliturgical Koliadky. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j. VULBsl5-FI&list=PLg. QNij_I-b. Hb. Ezf. Gp. FUAXl. Iu7q. Ytqg. Rdj&index=19&t=19s

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The history of Ukrainian national dance. Pre-modern history. Judging by the figures depicted in motion on Trypillian clay vessels, dance has been performed in the lands of present-day Ukraine since at least the third millennium BC. It has been assumed that up to the introduction of Christianity in Kievan Rus' in 988, dance served a very important ritual function in the lands of present-day Ukraine. Pre-Christian rituals combined dance with music, poetry, and song. A remnant of these ritual dances (Oбpядовi танці, Khorovody) which survive in limited form today are the Spring Dances, or Vesnianky, also referred to as Hahilky, Hayilky, Hayivky, Yahilky, or Rohulky. Another seasonal event featuring dances was the yearly pre-harvest festival of Kupalo, which to this day remains a favorite theme for Ukrainian choreographers. These religious ritual dances proved to be so strongly ingrained into the culture of the people

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Modern history. Ukrainian folk-stage dance began the path to transforming into its present incarnation first and foremost through the work of Vasyl Verkhovynets (b. 1880, original surname Kostiv), an actor, choirmaster, and amateur musicologist. Verkhovynets had acquired a professional level of training in the arts as part of Mykola Sadovsky's theatrical troupe, which had itself incorporated a distinguished level of folk dance in its productions of dramas based on Ukrainian folk themes. While touring central Ukraine with the theatrical troupe, Verkhovynets' would take off whenever he could and visit the villages surrounding the cities he was performing in, in order to learn about and record the villages' traditional dances.

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Other notable Ukrainian choreographers and companies include: The Ukrainian Folk Choir, founded under the direction of Hryhoriy Veryovka in Kharkiv in 1943, including a contingent of dancers under directors Oleksander Dmytrenko, Leonid Kalinin, and later O. Homyn. The Chornohora Songs and Dance Ensemble was founded by Yaroslav Chuperchuk in 1946, and renamed Halychyna in 1956. The Dnipropetrovsk Dance Ensemble was founded in Dnipropetrovsk prior to WWII, and flourished under Kim Vasylenko from 1947. Vasylenko has written numerous times on the topic of Ukrainian folk-stage dance, including the classic Lexicon of Ukrainian Folk-Stage Dance. The Yatran Dance Ensemble was founded in Kirovohrad in 1949, and gained great renown beginning in 1957 under director Anatoliy Krivokhyzha

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The soul of Ukraine. The Ukrainian song is the soul of Ukrainian people. From ancient times, our ancestors have invested in them their joy and desire, their courage and love to the Motherland. This is our folk memory, which is written in poetic lines, will forever stay a valuable cultural treasure of the Ukrainian people.

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TOP-20 Ukrainian folk songs, which each of us must know. Firstly, in pairs make a list TOP-10 Ukrainian folk songs and then we check them!

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1. Ой у вишневому саду (Oi u vyshnevomu sadu)2. Ой на горі два дубки (Oi na hori dva dubky)3. Ой чий то кінь стоїть (Oi chyi to kin stoit)4. Ой у гаю при Дунаю (Oi chyi to kin stoit)5. Чорні брови, карії очі (Chorni brovy, karii ochi)6. Ти ж мене підманула (Ty zh mene pidmanula)7. Несе Галя воду (Nese Halia vodu)8. Розпрягайте, хлопці, коні (Rozpriahaite, khloptsi, koni)9. Цвіте терен (Tsvite teren)10. Чом ти не прийшов, як місяць зійшов (Chom ty ne pryishov, yak misiats ziishov)

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11. Ой верше, мій верше (Oi vershe, mii vershe)12. А калина не верба (A kalyna ne verba)13. Засвіт встали козаченьки (Zasvit vstaly kozachenky)14. Била мене мати (Byla mene maty)15. В саду ходила, квіти збирала (V sadu khodyla, kvity zbyrala)16. Ніч яка місячна (Nich yaka misiachna)17. Ой не ходи Грицю (Oi ne khody Hrytsiu)18. Як служив я в пана (Iak sluzhyv ya v pana)19. Зеленеє жито, зелене (Zeleneie zhyto, zelene)20. Їхав козак за Дунай (Ikhav kozak za Dunai)

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Choose the song you want to listen: https://amazing-ukraine.com/en/they-are-the-soul-of-ukraine-top-20-ukrainian-folk-songs-which-each-of-us-must-know/

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Mykola Vitaliyovych Lysenko22 March [10 March] 1842 – 6 November [24 October] 1912 He was a Ukrainian composer, pianist, conductor and ethnomusicologist.

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Lysenko was born in Hrynky, Kremenchuk county, Poltava Governorate,[1] the son of Vitaliy Romanovych Lysenko (Ukrainian: Віталій Романович Лисенко). From childhood he became very interested in the folksongs of Ukrainian peasants and by the poetry of Taras Shevchenko. When Shevchenko's body was brought to Ukraine after his death in 1861, Lysenko was a pallbearer. During his time at Kiev University, Lysenko collected and arranged Ukrainian folksongs, which were published in seven volumes. One of his principal sources was the kobzar Ostap Veresai (after whom Lysenko later named his son). Lysenko was initially a student of Biology at the Kharkiv University, studying music privately. On a scholarship which he won from the Russian Music Society he pursued further professional music studies at the Leipzig Conservatory. It is there that he understood the importance of collecting, developing and creating Ukrainian music rather than duplicating the work of Western classical composers.

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In order to improve his orchestration and composition skills the young Lysenko traveled to St. Petersburg where he took orchestration lessons from Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov in the mid-1870s, but his fervent Ukrainian national position and disdain for Great Russian autocracy impeded his career. He supported the 1905 revolution and was in jail briefly in 1907. In 1908, he was the head of the Ukrainian Club, an association of Ukrainian national public figures in Kiev. For his opera libretti Lysenko insisted on using only the Ukrainian language. Tchaikovsky was impressed by Lysenko's Taras Bulba and wanted to stage the work in Moscow, but Lysenko's insistence on it being performed in the Ukrainian language, not Russian, prevented the performance from taking place in Moscow. In his later years, Lysenko raised funds to open a Ukrainian School of Music. His death was widely mourned throughout Ukraine. Lysenko's daughter Mariana followed her father's footsteps as a pianist, and his son Ostap also taught music in Kiev.

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Lysenko composed 133 art songs many of which on lyrics by Taras Shevchenko as well as Lesia Ukrainka, Ivan Franko, Heinrich Heine, Oleksandr Oles, Adam Mickiewicz and others. He also arranged approximately 500 folk songs for voice and piano, choir and piano, or choir a cappella. Lysenko wrote a number of operatic works, including Natalka Poltavka, Utoplena (The Drowned Maiden, after Gogol's May Night) and Taras Bulba.

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Task: Write a letter to your pen-friend in which you tell him/ her about Ukrainian musical traditions, instruments, songs.

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The mass media in Ukraine. Discussion: What is mass media?What kinds of mass media do you know?How often do you face with media?How does mass media impact on our life?Can mass media influence on all country?

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The mass media play an important role in our life. They inform us about different events that take place in our country and in the world. They also entertain us and help us to change our life for the better. The mass media give us different kinds of information: news, weather forecast, horoscopes, review of books, etc. We can not imagine our life without the mass media today because information is very important in the modern society. TV and radio programs, and newspapers that give reliable information about important events. They are always popular. Many magazines and newspapers also contain information about unusual events, amazing facts, funny stories, sensations. Many people like this kind of information as well. A lot of newspapers and journals are usually well illustrated. They try to choose interesting photos and pictures for their articles. As for me, I like to read newspapers and watch TV programs that pay attention to the most important problems of the society. Among such problems may be problems in health care, education or corruption. But I do not like to watch and read an advertisement. I think there is too much advertising in the mass media. Though some of the firms advertise their goods in a funny way and their advertising may entertain. I am sure, the mass media are an important source of information in a modern world.

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Task: Make a dialogue in which you’ll discuss mass media in Ukraine: The most popular types of mass media. The least popular types of mass media. Social media. Influence on society

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Newspapers in Ukraine

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Task. Choose any article in any newspaper and tell us about it according to the plan:

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Зміст слайдів
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ФАКУЛЬТАТИВНИЙ КУРС«Пізнаємо Україну»Тема 1. Загальні відомості про Україну.

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Ukraine is the largest state in Europe Ukraine, the largest state situated entirely in Europe, appeared on the map of the world in 1991. It was quickly recognized by the international community.

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Map is showing Ukraine situated in eastern Europe, north of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, a country at the crossroads between Europe and Asia. With an area of 600,000 km² it is the second largest country in Europe after European Russia, twice the size of Italy or slightly smaller than the U. S. state of Texas. Ukraine is bordered by Belarus, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, and Slovakia. Ukraine has a population of 42.4 million people (in 2017).

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Flag. Coat of arms. Anthem: "Shche ne vmerla Ukrayinyni slava, ni volya"(English: "The glory and the will of Ukrainehave not yet died")

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Ukraine is geographic center of Europe The geographic center of Europe is on the territory of Ukraine not far from Rakhiv in Zakarpatia oblast.

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Capital and largest city is Kiev with a population of 2,8 million, the city is a major industrial, scientific, educational, and cultural center in Eastern Europe. The city is located on both sides of the Dnieper River in the north central part of the country.

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The deepest metro station in the world (105 meters) Arsenalnaya Metro Station located in Kiev is the deepest in the world (105 meters). The station was built in 1960, very close to the House of Parliament. According to some reports, the tunnels near Arsenalnaya house secret shelters built specially for the political elite.

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The third most visited Mc. Donald’s in the world The third most visited Mc. Donald’s in the world is located in Kiev, near the train station. This restaurant has always been in the top five most crowded Mc. Donald’s in the world.

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The shortest main city street Khreshchatyk Street in Kiev is the shortest yet widest main city street in the world. Its length is 1.2 km

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Review Name: Geographical position. Bordered with flag, anthem. Capital. Interesting facts. Write a letter to your pen-friend about general information of Ukraine

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Administrative Map of Ukraine. Ukrainian Oblasts: (Oblast names are the same as their respective administrative centers (capitals))Cherkasy, Chernihiv, Chernivtsi, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv, Kherson, Khmelnytskyi, Kiev, Kirovohrad, Luhansk, Lviv, Mykolaiv, Odessa, Poltava, Rivne, Sumy, Ternopil, Vinnytsia, Volyn (its administrative center is Lutsk), Zakarpattia, Zaporizhia, and Zhytomyr. TASK: Write down Ukrainian Oblasts on your map.

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Mountain Ranges in Ukraine. Making up some 5% of Ukraine's land are the Carpathian Mountains in the west and the Crimean Mountains in the South. Ukraine's mountain ranges create a wonderful habitat for a variety of fauna and flora, ideal for ecotourism. The highest mountain in Ukraine is Mount Hoverla, part of the Carpathian range, measuring some 2061m high. The Carpathian Mountains form a 1 500 km curve, cutting through Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, Poland, Romania, Czech Republic, Austria and Slovakia.

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The Carpathian National Park in Ukraine's Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast was established in 1980 to protect the landscapes of the Carpathian Mountains.

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Rivers. Overall, there are more than 73 thousand rivers in Ukraine with over a hundred of them longer than 100 kilometers. The rivers of  Ukraine predominantly belong to the basins of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov with the exception of Southern Buh and other left bank tributaries of Vistula that are part the Baltic Sea basin. The Dnipro River is the third in length in Europe after the Volga and the Danube. The Danube River passes through the territory of Ukraine in its lower flow and pours into the Black Sea creating large delta of three branches. The River is the major trade water route that connects Ukraine with many countries of Europe. The most important tributaries of the Danube in Ukraine are Tisa and Prut.

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Synevir Lake. On the top of Ozyrna, in National Nature Synevir Park you will see the “sea eye” of the Carpathian Mountains – Synevir Lake, which is considered to be a gem of the Carpathians; it appeared in result of a strong displacement approximately 10 thousand years ago. The area of pure and transparent source water makes up about 5 hectares, and the depth sometimes reaches 22 meters.

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lake Svityaz. In the north-west of Ukraine the most famous is near the town of Shatsk in Volhynia Polissya, a large swampy area, – an incredibly beautiful lake Svityaz, which together with other nearby lakes is a part of Shatsk National Nature Park.

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Solotvinskie lake. In the picturesque Carpathian Mountains on the border between Ukraine and Romania, there is a small village Solotvino. Here is the natural and man-made miracle at the same time - Solotvinskie lake. Most of these reservoirs - very salty, which allows them to swim in, even those who can not swim. On the medical and health properties, they compete with the Dead Sea in Israel.

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Ukrainian seas. Ukrainian seas also play an important role in the country’s economy. The southern coast of Ukraine is washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. The Black Sea has a surface area of 422 000 sq. km. Its depth is 2210 m. It has only a few islands in it. It’s curious but in the northwest the sea is only 30–60 m deep. The important ports of the Black Sea are Odessa, Kherson, Mykolaiv and Sevastopol. The Sea of Azov isn’t so picturesque as the Black Sea. Nevertheless, its wonderful sandy beaches on the northern coast attract tourists and it’s very rich in fish life. In winter The Sea of Azov freezes over. It’s a small sea, and is the world’s most shallow sea; its average depth is 5–7 m. TASK: Write down seas, rivers and lakes on your map.

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The Climate of Ukraine

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The climate of Ukraine is determined by its geographical location. Ukraine’s territory lies in the temperate belt and its climate is temperately continental, only the southern coast of the Crimea is subtropical. The climate of Ukraine is characterized by considerable variations due to the great range from north to south and from west to east, stretching from the areas under the influence of the north-western Atlantic to the interior of the continent. This means that the air temperature decreases not only from north to south but also from west to east. The characteristic features of the climate are higher summer temperatures, lower winter temperatures, and rare rainfalls. The Ukrainian climate has considerable fluctuation in weather conditions from year to year. Alongside very wet years there can be droughts, and alongside cold years there are warm years.

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The Black and the Azov seas have small influence on the climate and it’s felt only in coastal areas. The warmest region is nearby the Black Sea, the coldest — in the north-east and in the mountains. The southern coast of Crimea is subtropical. Crimean mountains obstruct the movement of cold Arctic air to the coast and create conditions for one of the best resort areas in Ukraine. The average yearly temperature in Ukraine varies between +5..+7 C in the north and +11..+13 C in the south. January is the coldest month and July is the hottest one. In general Ukraine can be divided into four different climatic regions: cool snow forest climate, steppe climate, Mediterranean climate and mountain tundra climate.

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TASK: In groups discus where is better to spend holidays in. Winter. Spring. Summer. Autumn And why?

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Seasons in Ukraine. Spring in Ukraine. Spring in Ukraine begins with the melting of snow and ice and is symbolized with multiple streams of meltwater. In the territories belonging to the basins of large rivers, as well as in the Transcarpathian region, it often provokes the occurrence of floods. In most regions of Ukraine, the spring months are accompanied by strong and gusty winds. It should be emphasized that at this time is the average amount of precipitation. At the end of March and early April begin to sprout the first plant. At this time from the southern regions perform reverse migration of migratory birds. Despite the increase in the temperature to 15-20 degrees, at night frosts are possible up to may day.

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Ukrainian spring is full of many different holidays including: March, 8 — international women's day;March, 27 — world theatre day;April, 1 — April fool's Day;April, 12 — Day of cosmonautics;May, 1 — the holiday of Spring and Labour;May, 2 — labour day;May, 9 — Victory Day over fascism;May, 15 — international family day.

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Summer in Ukraine. All the summer months in Ukraine are characterized primarily hot weather. The average day temperature reaches 30 degrees, although in recent years there is excess. Summer precipitation falls here a little. Southern regions of the country with subtropical climate, have an incredible number of Sunny days. In addition, in Ukraine a lot of resort towns, which attracts tourists from all over the world from late may to mid-September. Since mid-summer in the traditionally agrarian state pass harvest, the end of which is usually celebrated in late August.

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Summer in Ukraine is celebrated the following holidays: June, 1 — international children's day;June, 5 — world day of environment;June, 24 — youth day;June, 28 — Constitution Day;August, 1 — the Day of Naval forces of Ukraine;August, 24 — independence Day;

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Autumn in Ukraine. Ukrainian autumn is characterized by a significant rainfall. In recent years there has been a decrease. The most rainy months are October and November. September is quite warm — the air temperature is 20-25 degrees. It is also interesting that in the middle or at the end of September comes the so-called "Indian summer" — a short period of sharp warming. Also observed in the fall migration of migratory birds in the southern regions. Traditionally in the country the beginning of fall kicks off the academic year in all educational institutions.

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In autumn in Ukraine celebrated holidays such as: September, 1 — the Knowledge Day;September, 8 — Day of physical culture and sports. Day of Ukrainian cinema;October, 1 — international music day. Day of older persons;October, 7 — day of workers of education;November, 17 — Day of students.

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Winter in Ukraine. Winter in Ukraine is very harsh and cold. On some days the temperature drops to 30 degrees below zero. The rainfall is average. Only in the mountainous areas there is a large volume. Although in some years there is an excessive amount of snow, which subsequently led to spring flooding and floods. In winter in Ukraine observed holidays: December, 3 — international day of persons with disabilities;January, 1 — New Year;January, 7 — Christmas;January, 22 — Ukrainian Unity Day;

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Task: Write a letter to your pen-friend where you tell. What is your favorite season and why?What is the weather like?What holidays do we celebrate?

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Government of Ukraine. The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Кабінет Міністрів України, Kabinet ministriv Ukrayiny; shortened to Cab. Min), commonly referred to as the Government of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Уряд України, Uryad Ukrayiny), is the highest body of state executive power in Ukraine. As Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, it was formed on 18 April 1991 by the Law of Ukrainian SSR No.980-XII. Vitold Fokin was approved the first Prime Minister of Ukraine. The Cabinet is a collegiate body consisting of the Cabinet's presidium composed of five individual and several ministries that are represented by their respective minister. Some ministries may be headed by members of the Cabinet presidium (Vice Prime Ministers).

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The Cabinet is responsible to the President of Ukraine and is under the control and being held accountable to the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament). It consists of the Prime Minister, the First Vice-Prime Minister, three[4] Vice-Prime Ministers, and other Ministers, who head their assigned Ministries (departments).

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Flag of Ukraine. The flag of Ukraine is a banner of two equally sized horizontal bands of blue and yellow (Constitution of Ukraine, Article 20). The combination of blue and yellow as a symbol of Ukrainian lands comes from the flag of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia used in the 12th century. As a national flag, the blue and yellow bicolour has been officially used since the 1848 Spring of Nations. It was officially adopted as a state flag for the first time in 1918 by the short-lived West Ukrainian People's Republic and subsequently used by the Ukrainian People's Republic. When Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union, the flag was outlawed and, before 1949, there was no official state flag until adoption of the red-azure flag of the Ukrainian SSR. The blue and yellow flag was provisionally adopted for official ceremonies in September 1991 following Ukrainian independence, before finally officially being restored on 28 January 1992 by the parliament of Ukraine.

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Day of the National Flag August 23 is celebrated as the Day of the National Flag in Ukraine; beginning with 2004. July 24 was previously marked as National Flag Day in Kiev. The first ceremonial raising of the yellow-and-blue Ukrainian flag in modern times took place on July 24, 1990 at the flagstaff of the Kiev City Council, two years before the flag was officially adopted as the National flag. Since 1992 Independence Day of Ukraine is celebrated on August 24. Following government decree, the flag must be flown from public buildings on this dates and some other holidays.

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Coat of arms of Ukraine. The state coat of arms of Ukraine , officially referred to as the Sign of the Princely State of Volodymyr the Great (Constitution of Ukraine, Article 20) or commonly the Tryzub ("trident"), is the national coat of arms of Ukraine, featuring the same colors found on the Ukrainian flag; a blue shield with a gold trident. It appears on the Presidential Standard of Ukraine.

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Seal of Sviatoslav I of Kiev (945) Coin of Volodymyr the Great (980) Coin of Yaroslav the Wise (1019) Ukrainian People's Republic (1918)

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State Anthem of Ukraine“Shche ne vmerla Ukraina” The anthem's music was officially adopted by Ukraine's Verkhovna Rada on 15 January 1992. The official lyrics were adopted on 6 March 2003 by the Law on the Anthem of Ukraine (Закон про Гімн України). The lyrics constitute a slightly modified original first stanza of the patriotic poem written in 1862 by Pavlo Chubynsky. In 1863, Mykhailo Verbytsky, a western Ukrainian composer and Greek-Catholic priest composed music to accompany Chubynsky's text. The first choral performance of the piece was at the Ukraine Theatre in Lviv, in 1864

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Mykhailo Verbytsky, the composer of the Ukrainian national anthem. Pavlo Chubynsky, the author of the Ukrainian national anthem's lyrics.

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English rhyming translation. Ukraine's glory, Ukraine's freedom did not disappear,Fate will smile on us Ukrainians, our skies will be clear. Our enemies will vanish like a sun-dried foam,We will be the only masters in our dear home. We will give our souls and bodies for our freedom. And will show that we are, brothers, in the Cossack breed born!Ukraine's glory, Ukraine's freedom did not disappear.

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Traditions and customs of Ukraine. Ukrainians are very hospitable. As their guest, you will receive red-carpet treatment. This includes heavily-laden tables, gifts, and many toasts. TASK: remember different Ukrainian traditions

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An Interactive Map of Ukraine. Project work. Choose one destination

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Describe it according to the plan. Where this place is;When is better to visit this place?The history of this place. What can you do there?

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2-3 pupils make general map of Ukraine (A1)Pupils in pairs prepare material about one place, print picture which they can stick on general map. Create QR-code with material about their place which they stick on the map near picture

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