THE CONSEQUENCESthe USA came out of the WWII more powerful than they had ever been before;the big business became eve bigger;membership in the labour unions increased;patterns of living were changed (women, African-Americans and Mexican-Americans filled the working places in industries);new agencies appeared in the government (a Department of Defence, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Atomic Energy Commission).
THE POST-WAR FOREIGN AFFAIRS The post-war years witnessed the Cold War. Anti-communist propaganda became the central theme of Harry Truman’s presidency, which was announced in the Truman Doctrine. In his doctrine President Truman called for the fight against “totalitarian regimes”, to support free people.
The Cold War began when in 1946 Stalin declared that peace was impossible “under the present capitalist development of the world economy”. Britain and the USA responded that they had to work together to counter the soviet threat. Both sides started establishing defensive positions. On April 4, 1949 the USA, Canada, and much of Western Europe founded NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO was aimed to provide collective security.
Ju The Second World War forced the process of decolonization all over the world – the empires were no longer able to resist the demand of colonies for independence. In 1950, the Korean War began as a logical consequence of the cold War policy in Asia. In June 1950 the troops of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) crossed the 38th parallel and invaded the Republic of Korea (South Korea). President Truman sent American troops. The war itself a matter of hot debates in the USA, finally giving way to a plan of global defence. The military budget of the USA grew, and a military treaty with Australia and New Zealand – the ANZUS (Australia, New Zealand, the U. S.) Treaty was signed in 1951 to create a new military organization.