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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on islands. Great Britain consists of four parts. Their names are England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland . Northern Ireland occupies the northern part of Ireland. It is situated on the separate island. Scotland is situated in the north of Great Britain, Wales — in the southwest, and England — in the southeast. Great Britain is surrounded by seas on all sides and is separated from the continent by the North Sea and the English Channel.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland covers an area of 244 thousand square kilometers. The population of Great Britain is about 60 million. The flag of Great Britain is red, white and blue. The British people call it “the Union Jack”. The coat of arms of Great Britain has a crown on the shield, because it’s a monarchy. The shield is supported by the English lion and by the Unicorn of Scotland. The official language of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is English.
Politics of the United Kingdom. Elizabeth IIDavid Cameron was appointed Prime Minister in May 2010 Elizabeth II The UK is a parliamentary monarchy. The British Parliament consists of two Houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The Prime Minister is the political leader of the United Kingdom and the Head of the Government. David Cameron was appointed Prime Minister in May 2010. In Britain the Queen is the Head of state, but in fact she doesn’t rule the country as she has no power. The Queen is a symbol of the country history and its traditions.
London is the capital of Great Britain and England. Its population is over 8 million people. London is the biggest industrial and cultural centre of Great Britain. London has many wonderful places of interests. The Houses of Parliament building and Big Ben – the biggest clock bell in Britain. It weighs is 13,5 tons.
Wales is a country situated in the West of Britain. The population of Wales is about three million. The area of Wales is 20,764 sq. km. St. David is the patron saint of Wales. St. David’s Day is celebrated on 1st March. A leek or a daffodil are the symbols of Wales. St. David's Cathedral. St. David's Cathedral
Welcome to Scotland. Scotland is the north part of Great Britain. 5 million people live in Scotland. Its area is 78,789 sq km. The population of Scotland is 4,996,000. It is divided into three regions: Lowlands, Highlands and Southern Upland. Scotland is full of mountains and lakes. The highest mountain is Ben Nevis. Loch Lomond and Loch Ness are the biggest lakes.
The counties of Northern Ireland - the smallest part of the UKNorthern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom. It is made up of six parts: Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry, Tyrone. The total area is 13,843 km ². The highest point is the draining of the country Donard in the Mourne Mountains. Its height is 848 metres. In the central part of the country is a lake Lough Neagh (392 km ²). The main rivers of the country are Foyle, Bann .