Розробка уроку за темою
New Frontiers.Eureka! Landmarks of Science in the 20-th century
Level B 1
учитель англійської мови гімназії №267 з поглибленим вивченням іноземних мов м. Києва
Кузнєцова Галина Іванівна
to some short thematic texts;
to summarize the content of the given texts;
Resources: teaching cards with words, texts, additional texts with new scientific discoveries,
slide show (presentation of the lesson)
Interactive technologies: pair work, group work, “merry-go-round”, microphone,
press - conference (interview)
Procedure of the lesson
Teacher: Nice to meet you at the English lesson. It’s high time we started working. By the way, I’d like to know how you are feeling today. Are you happy / nervous / frustrated / confused etc?
In a chain ask each other questions about how you are feeling at today’s lesson of English.
2. Warming- Up
Teacher’s questions: 1)What is the name of the module we are dealing with?
Pupils: New Frontiers.
2) What does the word “frontier” mean?
Pupils give the definition of the word.
Frontier n C 1) especially BrE the border of a country (between / with)
2) the frontier – an area where people have never lived before that is not much known about, especially in the western US before the 20-th century
3) the frontiers of knowledge / physics, biology etc,
the limits of what is known about something
push back the frontiers = discover new things
3) What frontiers will we touch upon? – The frontiers of knowledge
Teacher: Quite right! We’ll speak about the frontiers of knowledge of science and scientific
discoveries. What fields of science do these objects present / refer to / concern?
Pupils: physics, biology, information technology and astronomy / astrology.
3. Vocabulary Practice
Teacher: At the previous lesson you got acquainted with thematic Vocabulary.
Let’s revise the Key words.
Phonetic and pronunciation drills. Pupil1, Pupil 2, Pupil 3 are in the role of trainers
Pair work: divide all the given words into 4 groups of science: biology, physics, astrology, IT.
Read the words belonging to each group. Let’s check if you are right.
Astronomy / cosmology
Teacher’s question: Do you know the definition of these words?
Pupils are giving the definitions using the technology “Merry-go-round”.
Match the words with their meaning.
3 DNA molecule
1 f 2 a 3 e 4 g 5 c 6 h 7 b 8 d
Teacher: Today we’re going to read and discuss some interesting information about scientific discoveries and inventions in § 17 of our Students’ Book,(New Opportunities Upper-Intermediate) which is called “Eureka!” (SB p.54)
Question: Do you know the meaning of the word?
Eureka is an interjection used to show how happy you are that you have discovered the answer to a problem, found something etc.
By the way, are you aware of the origin of the word? One of the pupils has prepared an interesting information for you.
Pupil: ‘Eureka’ has its origin in Greek and is taken from the word heurēka. This expression is supposed to be exclaimed by Archimedes when he discovered the way to measure the volume of an object with an irregular shape.
This method of Archimedes was then used to find out the purity of gold objects. The exclamation Eureka! means “I have found (it)”. ‘Eureka’ is used to show an answer to a problem or to indicate triumph of finding or discovering something.
Teacher: What are your predictions about the information we’ll work out? - Pupils are trying to give their guesses.
Teacher: In what situations is it possible to exclaim “Eureka”?
Examples: Suppose I lost my mobile phone / the number of my close friend’ telephone /
the recipe of the cake / the task for the project / a note-book / a walkman etc and then I found it, I would exclaim “Eureka!”
What synonyms would you give to this word? – I have discovered…/ invented / solved the problem / managed to do / I’ve succeeded / I have found the solution.
We’re going to read and discuss the texts about landmarks of science in the 20-th century.
Landmark – one of the most important events, changes or discoveries that influence somebody
Have a look at the photos. Do you know any of these scientists? They are: Albert Einstein, Alexander Fleming, Edwin Hubble, Presper Eckert – an engineer and William Mauchly – a physicist, the creators of the first programmable computer and James Watson and Francis Crick - the explorers of DNA molecule.
Pre-reading task: SB p.54, ex.1
While Reading - you are working in groups of three.
Group 1: Read the texts # 1, 2, 3!
Group 2 – texts 2, 3, 5
Group 3 – texts 1, 4, 5
Tasks: 1) Everybody in the group chooses one text. Read the text!
2) Underline the key sentence and the key words!
Slides 8 - 12
3) Read the key words in each text!
4) Write down notes of the main points and the key information!
5) Work in your group. Use the notes to tell each other about your landmark of science.
6) Use the information you have collected to write a paragraph about the role of the
scientific discoveries. Begin like this …
So, what are the main scientific discoveries / landmarks / inventions / breakthroughs of the 20-th century? What is their role in the development of the world? What is the influence of all these far-reaching findings on the Universe?
First of all, …
Secondly, thirdly, the next point, finally
All things considered, we’d like to say that …
To sum up, we’d like to pay everybody’s attention to …
In conclusion, we’d like to stress that …
5. Speaking. Discussing technology
Teacher: Well done! You are now well informed about the major scientific discoveries
in the 20-th century. I’d like you to make the conclusion in the form of an interview. (SB p.55, ex.7)
The participants: the presenter, the experts in science, journalists
Presenter: Good-morning and welcome to the interview with the experts in different
fields of science. The subject of today’s interview is connected with the inventions
and discoveries of the 20-th century, their role in the development of the world,
their influence on the Universe.
So, let’s start! Your questions, please!
1-st journalist: Journal “Universe” My question is: Which of the discoveries mentioned has been
the most important so far? Why?
Expert 1: Well, the question is interesting, the answer is quite easy, because personally I
Presenter: Right. The next question, please. Yes.
2-nd journalist: the newspaper “Weekly News” An important question is: Which discovery will
have the most important consequences in the future? Why?
Expert 2: Well. That’s a very big question. I mean that …
Presenter: OK. Right. Next question, please. Yes. That journalist in the back row.
3-rd journalist: I present the newspaper “Personal Life” The question is: Which of the scientists
do you admire most? Why?
Expert 1: You see, I can’t but say about …
Expert 2: I’d like to add …
Presenter: We go on. Be active. Your next question, please.
4-th journalist: journal “Discoveries” I’d like to know which of the discoveries is the most
difficult to understand.
Expert 1: For me …
Presenter: I think you’ve managed to get answers to all the questions you are interested in.
Thanks a lot for the participation.
Expert: I’d like to know if you are ready to tell more news and facts about any other important
inventions in the 20-th century.
Slides 13 – 16 Pupil 1: Surely. I’d like to inform about Xerox
Chester Carlson and Xerography
The xerographic process, which was invented by an American law student Chester Carlson in 1938 and developed and commercialized by the Xerox Corporation, is widely used to produce high-quality text and graphic images on paper. Carlson invented a copying process based on electrostatic energy. Xerography became commercially available in 1950 by the Xerox Corporation. Xerox comes from the Greek for ‘dry writing’
Pupil 2: I’d like to share information about the Microsoft
It’s hard to believe that the first personal computer was developed less than 20 years ago. The software for that machine – the language that allows us to tell the computer what we want it to do – was developed by William Gates.
Bill was born in 1995 in Seattle. He became interested in computers when he was 13 years old. Bill attended Harvard University. There he began to develop the computer language called Basic. Later William returned to Seattle where he established the Microsoft Company in 1975. It employed only 3 workers at first. Microsoft developed software for established American companies like General Electric, City Bank and international Business Machines Company, known as IBM. In 1981 IBM began selling a personal computer that used Microsoft products as part of its operating system. By then Microsoft had 129 workers.
Today four out of five of the world’s computers run on Microsoft software, on what is called Microsoft DOS or on its latest incarnation – Windows. Windows system makes it much easier to use a computer. It’s through the Windows system that we may gain access to the Internet, the global computer network. Microsoft does thousands of millions of dollars in business each year. It now has more than 16 thousand workers in 48 countries. Microsoft produces computer programmes in 30 languages and sells them in more than 100 countries.
Pupil 3: I’m ready to add something about the Skype
Skype – an eBay company, headquarters in Luxembourg – began in 2003, and was founded by Niklas Zennstrom and Janus Friis. Skype is an online communication tool that you can use to talk to anyone anywhere in the world. You can use it as an instant messaging service, or as a telephone … with a special Skype phone or traditional headset. It even works for video calls. There are also plans for unlimited international use.
Since the dawn of the first version of the programme, the Skype community continues to grow, offering a wide variety of features and services.
Pupil 4: One more scientific fact is about the Channel Tunnel which is the breakthrough which established the first link between Britain and Europe. Here are some fascinating facts about the remarkable engineering feat.
Teacher: Well, we’ve done great work today. Now you are aware of scientific discoveries and inventions of the 20-th century which influenced greatly the development of the world.
So, what words either nouns or verbs can be used to reveal, to help understand better the issue of scientific discoveries?
They are: 1) nouns – landmark, frontier, far-reaching breakthrough, discovery, invention, research, development, ground-breaking find;
2) verbs - created, invented, discovered, managed to do, found out, succeeded, solved.
Teacher: What have we managed to do?
of the 20-th century.
Be ready to tell about any important discovery of the 20-th century
Your marks for your work at the lesson are …
I’m satisfied with your work. Have a good rest.