Warming up. Match the words in left column to the definitions in right columnclimate changecarbon dioxideextinctionrisegreenhouse gasesatmosphereecosystemsgreenhouse effectelectrical appliancesemissionsglobal warming. The process in which gases in the atmosphere trap the sun’s heat. The types of gases that trap the sun’s warmth in the atmosphere. A greenhouse gas with the chemical name CO2. A change in the earth’s climate over a period of time. When the average temperature on Earth is getting hotter. A verb or noun which is a synonym of increase. The scientific word for air. Greenhouse gases caused by human activity. A system of plants and animals living together. When a type of plant or animal disappears completely. Televisions, fridges and other electrical goods.
Comprehension (Check on homework)Do this test to the text “Earth Hour”1. Earth Hour is …an annual film festival in Great Britain. an environmental project held every year.a WWF event held every month. 2. Earth Hour is always …between 8-9 a.m..in summer. Between 8-9 p.m.. 3. The World Wide Fund for Nature started Earth Hour …for things like dancing, fireworks and musical performances.to make people think about environmental issues.to make people gather in groups and have fun with using power. 4. This year is very important as it is …the tenth year of the project.the first year of the project.the fifth year of the project. 5. The outdoor cycle cinema means …an outdoor cinema.the only way to keep watching the film is to keep pedaling your bike. Giving hot chocolate and blankets for the people who weren’t cycling.
Comprehension (Check on homework)Do this test to the text “Earth Hour”6. Earth Hour is … an event only for big cities.only for small towns.for both big cities and small towns. 7. Earth Hour is an event where you turn off …all non-essential lights and power and go for a walk.where you turn off all non-essential lights and power and just sit at home.all essential lights and power and go to your neighbour to watch a new TV film. 8. Earth Hour event is …a little thing done by young people in order to help protect the planet.a little thing done by everybody in order to help protect the planet.nothing to do except change one’s mind. 9. Earth Hour is an annual event which asks people to use …no electricity for an hour.no electricity for a day and night.things like TV, computer and console. 10. The aim is to get people thinking about …the planet they live on and energy they use.the homeless who have no TV, computer and console.hot chocolate and blankets which they can have when television shows and Internet are black out.
Speaking. Discuss this questions in pairs: Have any of natural disasters ever happened in Ukraine? When? How serious were they?Have you heard any new stories about them happening anywhere else in the world?Which of the disasters do you think are ‘acts of God’? Which are sometimes the result of human actions?Have any of the countries near Ukraine suffered a national tragedy recently?Would you feel comfortable going on holiday somewhere that had been affected by a disaster? Why/why not?
Air pollution is a very serious problem, because polluted air can cause illness and even death. Every year world industry pollutes the atmosphere with about 1500 million tons of dust and other harmful substances. Many cities suffer from smog, the oxygen balance upsets. Cars are polluting the air by exhaust gases and other dangerous chemicals. Air pollution
Virtually not only human beings pollute the air but nature itself can cause damage,for example volcanic eruptions. But the consequences after volcanic eruptions aren’t so harmful as human beings , in contrast to human activities, these processes are always reversible – thought after a while the atmosphere will recover in former structure.
Water pollution. Water recourses is one of the main factor of existing life in our planet. People use fresh water for their needs. It is more than 2% of hydrosphere volume. First of all water pollution is the result of industrial, agricultural and everyday necessities discharge of wastes into rivers, lakes and seas. The main part of water pollution plays a large number of oil industry wastes.