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Дидактичний матеріал "What is England famous for?"до теми "The UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland"" в 8 класі.

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A reading worksheet to find out what England is famous for. After reading the text students have small-group tasks: 1.Complete the questions with question words. 2.Complete the questions with the auxiliary verbs.( groups have to exchange their questions and answer them) 3.Correct the wrong sentences. 4.Complete the sentences.

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                                    What is England famous for?

Картинки по запросу England clipartEngland is the biggest country in the UK. England contains about 84% of the UK population. The capital of the UK is in England.  England is famous for its  long history,  traditions, culture, architecture,  educational institutes,  famous people, sports,  rainy weather…

 

England is famous for its Картинки по запросу The Royal family clipart  

Royal family.

  England is famous for Stonehenge. It was built about 5,000 years ago (2,000 BC). It is a circle of 83 stones. Maybe it was a place for studying the sun and the stars, maybe it was a temple.  Every year, on June 21st, lots of people go to Stonehenge to celebrate the longest day of the year.

 

Картинки по запросу Dover chalk cliffs clipart The poetic name of England is "Foggy Albion". It is the Latin word for "white."   2000 years ago (43AD) the Roman invaders saw the white cliffs of Dover and called this land "Albion". It is famous for its fogs which last for days and weeks in autumn and in winter.

Картинки по запросу Roman London (AD 43 - AD 410) clipart     Картинки по запросу          

The Romans named this area Britania. They built forts, roads, and baths. They decided to build a settlement on the bank of the River Thames and laid out buildings, streets and a port, a bridge. They called the settlement Londinium We can see parts of the Roman wall in London nowadays. 

 The Romans ruled over Britania  for 400 years. Emperor Hadrian built a wall  (117 km) on the Scottish Border to protect them from the  Northern Picts. Hadrian's Wall was built so well, that you can still go and see parts of it today, nearly 2000 years after it was  made.

     

          

When the Roman army left Britain  Anglo-Saxons invaded during the 5th and 6th centuries.They gave England her name: Engla land, it means the land of the Angles.

 

Edward the Confessor (the last Saxon King) built Westminster Abbey  where all kings and queens of England have been crowned ever since.

   The Tower of London was originally built by William the Conqueror, after his  invasion of England in 1066.

He built Windsor Castle in 1080.

It has been a royal palace and fortress for over 900 years.Windsor Castle is an official residence of the Queen and the largest castle in the world.

 

The national flag of Englandhas been England's national flag since the 13th century.

In 1415, April 23 was made a national feast day St. George is the patron saint of England.

 

Картинки по запросу Richard The Lion Heart clipart St George's cross was adopted by the king Richard The Lion Heart and brought to England in the 12th century. The king's soldiers wore it on their tunics to avoid confusion in battle.

Картинки по запросу St George According to the legend, St George was a brave Roman soldier born  280AD. He protested against the Romans' torture of Christians and died for his beliefs. He was beheaded in Palestine on 23 April, 303.

 One legend tells about Saint George is his fight with a dragon. The dragon lived in a cave and terrorized the town. People offered the princess from the castle to the dragon. St George rode to the town carrying a shield with a red cross. He killed the dragon and saved the princess.

Картинки по запросу The Wars of the Roses clipart

In the 13th century the Wars of the Roses were for the English throne between two royal houses - Lancaster (with a red rose as their symbol) and York (with a white rose as their symbol). It lasted for 32 years, from 1455 to 1487.

King Henry VII.jpgКартинки по запросу

Henry Tudor VII (the Lancaster family) united the two houses; he married Elizabeth of York and ended the war. The Tudor rose (the Rose of England) was adopted as a national emblem of England as a symbol peace.

Картинки по запросу shakespeare clipartКартинки по запросу shakespeare  the globe clipartWilliam Shakespeare (1564-1616) was the greatest poet and play -wright in the English language. He is called England’s national poet and the ‘Bard of Avon’.  The Globe is the most famous theatre in the world.

Картинки по запросу english Pubs clipart England is famous for its  pubs  (public house).People talk, eat, drink, meet their friends and relax there. Pubs often have two bars, many have a garden where people can sit in the summer. Children can go in pub gardens with their parents.

 

Похожее изображениеis classic take-away food and is a traditional national food of England. It became popular in the1860’s when railways began to bring fresh fish from the east coast of England.

 

 

 

Картинки по запросу high tea clipart is a meal after work, between five and seven o’clock. It consists of bread, cheese, vegetables, potatoes, meat and sweet food. After-work high tea is served at the table and seated on high back dining chairs.

 

Картинки по запросу cricket clipart

England's national sport is cricket.  Football is the most popular sport. Some of England's football teams are world famous such as Manchester United, Arsenal and Liverpool.

 

 Картинки по запросу Wimbledon tennis tournament clipart  The world's most famous tennis tour- nament is Wimbledon. Wimbledon is the oldest of all the major tennis tourna- ments beginning in 1877.

 

 

Картинки по запросу Royal Ascot clipart Horseracing, the sport of Kings is a very popular sport. Ascot, a small town in the south of England, becomes the centre of horseracing world for one week in June.

 

 

Картинки по запросу Royal Ascot clipart  It's called Royal Ascot because the Queen always goes to Ascot. She has a lot of racehorses and likes to watch racing. All the women wear extravagant hats there.

1. Complete the questions with question words                                                                                  

What / Where / When / Why/ How / How many/ How long:

1. _______ is the biggest country in the UK?

2. ______ is the capital of the UK?

3. ________ was Stonehenge built?

4. ___________ stones are there in a circle of Stonehenge?

 

5. _______ do lots of people go to Stonehenge every year, on June 21st?

6. ______ did the Roman invaders call this land?

7. ______ did they build?

8. ______ did they decide to build a settlement?

10. _________ can we see parts of the Roman wall?

11. __________ did the Romans rule over Britania?

12. ______ did Emperor Hadrian built a wall?

13. _______ did Anglo-Saxons invade Britain?

14. _______ was a national feast day St. George the patron saint of England made?

15. _______ did the king's soldiers wear St George's cross on their tunics?

16. ______ did St George save the princess?

17. _________ did the Wars of the Roses last?

18. ______ did Fish and Chips become popular?

 

 

3. True or False? Correct the wrong sentences.

1. Westminster Abbey was built by William the Conqueror.

2. The Tower of London is the largest castle in the world.

3. Richard The Lion Heart adopted St George's cross.

4. The Red Rose won in the Wars of the Roses.

5.  Football is England's national sport.

 

2. Complete the questions with the  auxiliary verbs is/are/do/does/did/was/ has:

1. What ____ England famous for?

2.  What _____ the Roman invaders see 2000 years ago?

3. What _____ a poetic name of England?

4. How ______ the Romans call the settlement?

 

5. When _____ Hadrian’s Wall built?

6. What _____ the name of England mean?

7.  Who ______ the Tower of London built by?

8. What ______ been a royal palace and fortress for over 900 years?

9. Why _____ St George beheaded?

 

 

10. Why ______ the Wars of the Roses?

11. What _____ people do in pubs?

12. How ____high tea served?

13. Why ____ Queen always go to Ascot?

14. What _____ all the women wear at Royal Ascot?

 

4.  Complete the sentences:                

1.  The greatest poet and playwright in the English language is …

2. The most famous theatre in the world is …

3. High tea includes …

4. Wimbledon is…

5.  The sport of Kings is…

 

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