Famous Historical Places in Great Britain

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it is a lesson plan about famous historical places in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
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Lesson plan

 

Number of learners (in the group):

Level:

Class:

Topic of the lesson: Famous Historical Places in Great Britain

Topic of the lesson in Ukrainian:  Визначні пам'ятки у Великобританії

Glossary of the terms (key words of the lesson):

Aims:

  • teaching:
  • educational:
  • developing:

Aids:

Type of the lesson: combined lesson

 

The procedure of the lesson

 

Tentative/planned timing

Contents/activities

1

Organizing. Greeting.

5

Warmer up activity

5

Homework checking/Review material of the previous lesson

1. What is the population of London?

2. Where is London situated?

3. When was the city founded?

4. What is the East and the West end?

5. Why people do not live in the city centre?

6. What do you know about the City and Westminster?

1

Introducing the topic of the lesson – Today we are going to speak about famous places in Great Britain.

20

Introducing the new material

There are a lot of places of interest in Great Britain. They are both modern and ancient monuments, like Stonehenge and Hadrian Wall, Durham Castle and York Cathedral. The famous Lake District is in Northern England. In Embleside one can visit the Steam Boat Museum. The oldest ship in this museum – her name is ‘Dolly’ – is 150 years old. In York the tourists are usually attracted by the National Railway Museum. It contains the history of Stephenson’s invention of steam locomotive.

But the main attraction is London places of interest. Among them there are: the Tower of London, Tower Bridge, St. Paul’s Cathedral, the House of Parliament, Big Ben, Westminster Abbey and so on.

The Tower of London. It is the most famous of all the historical buildings in London. It was built in the 11th century. In the past it was a fortress, a palace and a prizon. A lot of people lost their heads there. Now the Tower is a museum. It is famous as home of the Crown Jewels. They include the Crown of Quenn Elizabeth the Queen Mother. According to tradition the Tower is guarded by the Geoman Warders or Beefeater. They still wear their old bright and colorful Tudor uniforms. The black ravens live in the gardens of the Tower. There is legend that the Tower will fall if it loses ravens. Therefore the birds with clipped wings are carefully guarded.

Tower Bridge. Not far from the Tower of London is Tower Bridge built across the Thames in 1894. The twin drawbridges, each weighing about 1000 tones take just 90 seconds to rise. The Tower Bridge was designed by Sir Horace Jones and built by Sir John Wolfe Barry. Many tourists come to see the best know bridge in London.

St.Paul’s Cathedral. It is the City’s greatest monument and Sir Christopher Wren’s masterpiece. The most notable feature of it is the enormous dome. It took Wren 35 years to build the cathedral (1675-1710). It was the fifth church put on the same site. Wren lived more than 90 years and when he died he was burried in this cathedral. There are memorials to many famous men of England of the Cathedral.

The Houses of Parliament and Big Ben. The Palace of Westminster usually known as the Houses of Parliament. For 500 years it was the king’s palace. It was designed by Sir Charles Barry. But the modern palace was begun in 1840. This is a place where the English Parliaments sits now. There are two towers in the Palace of Wstminster: the Victoria Tower and the Clock Tower. The clock came into service in 1859 and was nicknamed ‘Big Ben’ after Sir Benjamin Hall, who was in charge of the building. Big ben is the biggest clock bell in Britain. It weighs 13 tons. The Clock Tower is 318 feet high. You have to go up 374 steps to reach the top.

Westminster Abbey. It is very old and very beautiful and it is full of history. No church in Britain has been so closely connected with the Crown and the nation’s history as Westminster Abbey. Coronations of every king and queen during 900 years have been held here. The Abbey was founded in 1050 as a monastrey by a king – Edward the Confessor. Later it was rebuilt some times. But the present building dates from 1480. Westminster Abbey is in the centre of London. Many great Englishmen are buried in it: Newton, Darwin, Watt, Dickens, Chaucer. There is a corner usually called ‘Poet’s Corner’, where there are memorials to famous British poets: W. Shakespeare, Robert Burns, Byron, Longfellow and others.

5

Practising the new material

1. What is the oldest building in London?

2. What is the Westminster Abbey famous for?

3. What is the nickname of the Clock Tower?

4. Who is Sir Horace Jones?

5. What do you know about Sir Christopher Wren?

6. Who is Sir Charles Barry?

7. Where is the Lake District situated?

8. Where are the Steam Boat Museum and the National Railway Museum situated?

1

Evaluating the learners activity and knowledge of the lesson

3

Summarizing the whole material of the lesson

4

Homework giving

 

End-of-lesson activity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX – FAMOUS HISTORICAL PLACES IN GREAT BRITAIN

 

1. Warmer up activity
 
Planning a holiday

Aims: Make decisions, Speaking skill, writing skill

Level: Pre-intermediate/Intermediate

Time: 20-30 minutes

Organisation: Groups

Procedure: Collect together a number of advertisements or brochures advertising a holiday.

Explain to the students that we can all go on holiday together, but we must all agree on where we want to go. Divide the students into groups of three and give each group a selection of this material. Their task is to plan a holiday for the whole group (within a fixed budget per person). Allow them a good amount of time to read and select a holiday and then to prepare a presentation in wich they attempt to persuade the rest of the class that they should choose this holiday. When they are ready, each group makes their presentation and the class discusses and chooses a holiday.

 

 

2. End-of-lesson activity

 

A day in the life

Aims: Speaking, writing skills

Level: Intermediate

Time: 10-15 minutes

Organisation: Groups of four to students each

Procedure: The class is divided into groups. One member of each group leaves the room. The remaining group members decide on how the person who is outside spent the previous day. They draw up an exact time schedule from 8 am to 8 pm and describe where the person was, what he did, who he talked to.

The people who waited outside are called in and return to their groupos. There they try to find out- by asking only yes/no questions- how the group thinks they spent the pervious day. When each ‘victim’ has guessed his fictious day, the group tries to find what he really did.

 

 

3. Homework

 

Read the text and finish the sentences.

 

Parks

 

Many British parks were created in the 19th century, when more people moved into the towns. In London there are several parks. Some of them deserve special attention.

REGENT’S PARK. A park in central London designed by John Nash for the Prince Regent and completed in 1828. it contains an outdoor theatre, flower gardens, sports fields and a large lake, and London Zoo is in its north side. The park is surrounded by several grand buildings in the Regency style, known as the Terraces. Zoological Garden – one of the most famous zoos in the world because of the number and variety of its species. It was established in 1826 by the Zoological Society of London. Today the Zoo is an important centre for the study of animals, and breeds animals that are in danger of disappearing in their native environment.

England is blessed by several institutions now of international fame. Many of these institutions are in some way connected with nature. Such is Kew Gardens – a park in west London, which contains a large collection of plants, trees, etc. from all over the world and is a major centre for the study of plants. Its official name is the Royal Botanic Gardens and it was opened to the public in 1840 by Queen Victoria. It is very popular with tourists and British people, and among its famous buildings are the Chinese Pagoda and several very large green houses, including the Palm House (opened in 1848). Joseph Banks (1743-1820) an English naturalist who discovered and collected many unknown plants, especially in Australia, and helped to start the famous collection of plants at Kew Gardens where people come to wander among orchids, children are brought by their parents to greet the first daffodils of the year.

HYDE PARK. A large public park in central London next to Kensington Gardens. It is famous for Speaker’s Corner, where people can make public speeches on any topic, Rotten Row, a riding track for horses, and the Serpentine lake. In 1851 the Great Exhibition was held in Hyde Park.

KENSINGTON GARDENS. A park in south-west London, next to Hyde Park. It was formely the garden of Kensington Palace, and was opened to the public in 1830s. It contains the Albert Memorial and a famous statue of Peter Pan.

LONDON ZOO. It is in Regent’s Park, London. It was established in 1826 by the Zoological Society of London.

 

 

 

Most British parks were created in the 19th century, when ________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

Regent’s Park. A park in central London designed by John Nash for ___________________________

________________________________________________________________________

It contains an outdoor theatre, flower gardens, sports fields and ______________________________

________________________________________________________________________

Zoological Garden – one of the most famous zoos in the world because of _______________________

________________________________________________________________________

Today the Zoo is an important centre for the study of animals, and breeds animals that are ____________

________________________________________________________________________

Kew Gardens – a park in west London, which contains ___________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

Its official name is the Royal Botanic Gardens and it was __________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

It is very popular with tourists and British people, and among its famous buildings are the Chinese Pagoda and              

Hyde Park – a large public park in central London next to __________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

It is famous for Speaker’s Corner, where people can make _________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

Kensington Gardens contains ____________________________________________________

London Zoo in Regent’s Park, London, was established___________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

 

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