Конспект уроку на тему: "London"

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Цілі уроку: активізувати ЛО теми в мовленні учнів; практикувати учнів в аудіюванні тексту з метою максимально повного розуміння всієї інформації, що міститься в ньому; практикувати учнів робити самостійні повідомлення на основі раніше вивченого матеріалу; розширити знання учнів про столицю Великої Британії; розвивати мовну здогадку та здатність мовного самоконтролю учнів; формувати культуру мовлення та пізнавальний інтерес до країни, мова якої вивчається.

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Тема уроку: «Лондон»

Цілі уроку: активізувати ЛО теми в мовленні учнів; практикувати учнів в аудіюванні тексту з метою максимально повного розуміння всієї інформації, що міститься в ньому; практикувати учнів робити самостійні повідомлення на основі раніше вивченого матеріалу; розширити знання учнів про столицю Великої Британії; розвивати мовну здогадку та здатність мовного самоконтролю учнів; формувати культуру мовлення та пізнавальний інтерес до країни, мова якої вивчається.

 

Обладнання: текст для аудіювання The fire of London”, картки для індивідуальних завдань, мультимедійний проект “London”.

 

ХІД УРОКУ

 

I. Introduction

 

T. Good morning! Glad to see you. How are you? I’m glad you are in a good mood. Please don’t feel anxious at the lesson today. I’m sure our guests are here to encourage you and enjoy our company. Today we have an unusual lesson. We are going to fly to London, the capital of Great Britain. The theme of our lesson is “London”. We are going to sum up our knowledge about the capital of the United Kingdom. The aims are to get more information about London and it’s beautiful sights and develop listening, reading, speaking and writing skills.

 

II. Warming-up

 

T. Today is Friday. Tomorrow will be Saturday. It’s a rest day. You’ll have much more spare time. There are different ways of spending free time. Many people spend it traveling. What about you? Do you like to travel? Why?

 

Have you ever been abroad?

 

Have you been to London?

 

Would you like to go there?

 

III. Main part

 

1. Eliciting

 

T. Do you remember the names of the places of interest in London? Let’s refresh them by making up “Mind map” and giving the definitions.

 

2. “Brain ring”

 

T.  To my mind we can’t go anywhere if we know nothing about the place. Thus, our task today is to find out if London is worth visiting. You know millions of people from different countries visit beautiful city. We are traveling to London too. But you’ll be invited to the UK on condition you know British geography, history, culture and traditions well. Do all your best to have a wonderful trip. I’ll try to help  you to refresh your knowledge about the United Kingdom in order to win an invitation to London.

 

Now, we’ll play “The brain ring”. You are divided into two teams as usual. Please, answer the questions and count the points.

 

  1. What is the official name of the country? (The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
  2. What parts does Great Britain consist of? (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland)
  3. What is the highest mountain of Great Britain? (Ben Nevis)
  4. What’s the capital of the UK? (London)
  5. What river does London stand on? (The Thames)
  6. What is the population of London? (8 million)
  7. What is the longest river in Great Britain? (The Severn)
  8. What kind of climate is there in Great Britain? (Mild and damp)
  9. What industries are developed there? (Steel industry, textile industry, paper-making)
  10. What big cities of the UK do you know? (London, Birmingham, Glasgow, Manchester, Liverpool, etc.)
  11. What are university cities? (Oxford, Cambridge)
  12. What is it “Smog”? (Smoke + fog)
  13. What is the Union Jack? (The flag of the UK)
  14. What does the word Oxbridge mean? (Oxford + Cambridge)
  15. What flower is the symbol of England? (Rose)
  16. What do the English usually have at 5 o’clock? (Tea)
  17. Why is it difficult to know if an Englishman is married? (They do not wear wedding rings)
  18. What is it Cenotaph? (A monuments)
  19. What is the capital of Scotland? (Edinburgh)
  20.  What  is Edinburgh famous for? (For printing houses)

 

T. That’s all. What is the score? I think that we all get a prize – and invitation to the UK. But the winners will take the first class seats, and you will fly the second class.

 

3. Writing

 

Before our starting abroad you have to write a short dictation.

 

  • “When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life, for there is in London all that life can afford”. (Samuel Johnson)
  • “I hope to see London before I die”. (W. Shakespeare. Henry IV)

 

4. Listening

 

T. Be so kind to imagine that you are on the board of a modern airplane. Fasten seat belts, please!

 

Pre-listening

 

T. Not to be bored during the flight I advise you to learn some facts from the history of London.  Have a look at some new words.

 

    Caesar – цезар

    to conquer — завойовувати

    plague — чума

    clear away — звільнитися

 

While-listening

 

    T. London, the capital of Great Britain is one of the oldest and largest cites in the world. They say London is two thousand years old.

To the small settlement in the year 55 B.C. Cae­sar came from Rome. "Llyndin" that means "a lonely place" became  Londinium. The Ro­mans made Londinium the large and rich city with good streets, beautiful palaces, shops and villas. But in the fifth century Romans left Brit­ain.

Saxons and Danes conquered the land and ru­ined the city. Londinium lay in ruins for a long time. In the 9th century Saxon king rebuilt the city.

For a long period of time London was a rich and crowed city, but in 1665 the Plague fell upon London. It came from one of the ships which came to the city every day. The houses of sick had a red cross painted on the door. In 1666 the Great Fire destroyed 3000 houses and 97 churches in London. But the Fire cleared away the old dirty wooden houses. A new Lon­don - of stone - was built.

 

       Post-listening

True or false

 

1. London is a young and very large city.

2. London is two thousand years old.

3. Napoleon founded this settlement.

4. The Romans named it "Llyndin" that means "island".

5. In Roman times London was a large and rich city.

6. Saxons ruined the city.

7. London was rebuilt in the 10th century.

8. The Great Fire helped to clear away the dirty city.

 

Answer the questions

 

1. How old is London?

2. Who came to this place in 55 B.C.?

3. What kind of town did the Romans make?

4. Saxons and Danes conquered the land, didn't they?

5. Who destroyed the city?

6. Did Saxon king rebuild London?

7. Why did some houses have red crosses painted on the door?

8. When did Great Fire destroy 3000 houses and 97 churches in London?

 

5.  Speaking. Checking home task (Role-play)

 

T. Now we are in London. We’ll make an excur­sion about this beautiful city. Who wants to be a guide? Come to the screen and tell us about London's sights.

London is the capital of Great Britain. More than 8 million people live in London. London lies on both banks of the river Thames. It is the largest city in Europe and one of the largest cit­ies in the world.

London is not only the capital of the country, it is also a very big port, one of the greatest com­mercial centers in the world, a university city, and the seat of the government of Great Bri­tain.

 

P1. London consists of four parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. The heart of London is the City, its financial and business centre. Numerous banks, offices and firms are situated there, including the Bank of England, the Stock Exchange and the Old Baily. Few people live there, but over a million people come to the City to work. There are some fa­mous ancient buildings, such as St. Paul's Ca­thedral and the Tower of London.

St. Paul’s Cathedral is the most famous church in London. St. Paul’s server  as the centre of the Church of England in London. The great English Architect Sir Christopher When built it between 1675 and 1710 to replace the original St. Paul’s, which was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. The church’s huge dome towers 111 meters above the ground. Its dome has become a symbol of London throughout the world.

The Tower of London is a very old building in London. It is nine hundred years old. The Tower of  London stands on the Thames. In the early days of the history of England the English kings lived in the Tower. Then it was a prison where many people died, black ravens had much food near the walls of the Tower in those years.

The black ravens live in the gardens of the Tower now. The English people like them very much. A man looks after the ravens and gives them meat in the morning  and in the evening.
The Tower of London is a museum and many people from other countries come to see it. They see the dark stone halls with small windows and thick doors. The walls of the Tower are five metres thick.

At ten o’clock every evening the guards lock the big doors of the Tower for the night.

 

P2. Westminster is the administrative part of London. Nearly all English Kings and Queens were crowned and buried in Westminster Abbey. Many great English scientists lie buried there, among them Newton, Darwin. In the Poet’s Corner some of the famous English poets and writers are buried.

Now you can see the houses of parliament and Big Ben. The houses of Parliament is the seat of British government. It is a very large Gothic building. Its length is 280 meters. Big Ben is the name of the huge, clock on the Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament.

P3. The West End is the richest and the most beautiful part of London. It is the symbol of wealth and luxury. You can find the best shops, restaurants, theatres, cinemas, museums, fine parks and squares there.

Trafalgar Square is the main square of central London. A number of famous buildings and monuments, including the National Gallery and Nelson’s Column are situated there. The square is popular with visitors, who come to relax by the fountains or to feed the pigeons. Piccadilly Circus is the meeting of six streets.

Bucking Palace is the Queen’s official London residence. Buckingham Palace is like a small town, with a police station, two post offices, a hospital, a bar, two sports clubs, a disco, a cinema and a swimming pool. There are 600 rooms and three miles of red carpet. About 700 people work in the Palace. It is partially open to the public, but the ceremony of Changing of Guard in front of it, is a great tourists attraction.

There are many parks in London. The most famous are Hyde Park, St. James’s Park and Green Park.

P4. The East End is the poorest district of London. The East End is the “hands” of the capital. Working people live there. These hands have built the City bank, the palaces, theatres and shops of the West End. They have built up the wealth of Great Britain. There are few parks in this part of London. Most of the streets are narrow.

6. Pair-work

T. Our excursion came to and end. It’s high time fly back to Ukraine. Feel yourself comfortable in your seats and share your impressions about London with each other. Make up dialogues. And some pupils will do a written task.

 

Match the pairs

 

столиця

Bridge

прекрасна церква

across the river

діловий центр

Tower

відомий парк

Ravens

міст

a beautiful church

королева

capital

ворони

business centre

башта

Queen

через річку

a famous

 

T. I see that you like your excursion about London and you are full of impressions. But we have some more tasks to do. Look at the screen and do this task.

Solve the crossword "London's sights"..

 

 

 

 

 

6

7

2

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. What   city   is  the   capital   of  Britain? (London)
  2. What square is famous for Nelson's column ? (Trafalgar)
  3. What is the most famous of all the historical buildings in London almost unchanged since 11th century? (Tower)
  4. What place is the residence of the Queen of  England? (Buckingham)
  5. Where can you see a lot of people in hot summer day? (Hyde park)
  6. Where are the graves and memorials to many English writers? (Poet's Corner)
  7. What is the second name of the Houses of Parliament? (The Palace of Westminster)

 

T. Correct the mistakes in the letter.

Dear Mum,

I am having a great time here in England. At the moment I am in London, on the river Nile. It is the capital of England. More than six million people live here. I have been to St. Paul’s Cathedral. St. Paul’s Cathedral is the correct name for the Houses of Parliament. Tomorrow I’m going to see the West End, that is the heart of business and financial life of London.

  1. London is situated on the river __

A) Severn;

B) Thames;

C) Clyde.

  1. The commercial centre of London is __

A) Westminster;

B) The West End;

C) The City.

  1. The symbols of the Tower are  __

A) Ravens;

B) Wolves;

C) Storks.

  1. Westminster Abbey was founded as a__

A) Monument;

B) Fortress;

C) Monastery.

  1. The official London residence of the Queen and her family is __

A) Buckingham Palace;

B) The Houses of Parliament;

C) Westminster Abbey.

  1. Big Ben is __ in London

A) a square;

B) a monument;

C) a clock.

  1. The Tower of London is now used as __

A) a museum;

B) a palace;

C) a prison.

  1. Westminster Abbey is situated __

A) in New York;

B) in London;

C) in Washington.

7. Singing a song “My Bonnie”

T. You are tired of a lot of information and work.

Let’s relax and sing a folk English song.

 

IV. Summing-up

T. Let’s sum up the results of our trip. How do you feel now? Sad? So-so? Happy? What is London to your mind?

V. Home assignment

T. Write a letter to your friend about your trip to London. Don’t forget about the strict order of writing an address.

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Англійська мова (8-й рік навчання) 8 клас (Несвіт А.М.)
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