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The 9-th form                                                     Reading                                                   I semester

                                                                                I variant

                                                                             The Internet

The Internet is a huge network of computers spanning this planet and is now started to bring in the surrounding area like space. Some computers ,like servers, share data, others just surf the web as clients downloading the data. Public Internet began in the late 70-s. At that time users used an interface called telnet, but now that program is mainly obsolete. The Internet is very helpful, because it is a huge database of knowledge, from the pictures of family trips to the analysis of quantum mechanics. Everyone should have the Internet because of its quick communication and huge wealth of knowledge. But how to go on the Internet and do a search for information we need? There are two ways to do it.

The first is when you know an Internet address of data you need and the second one is when you try to find information you need by using  a search program. In the beginning you have to enter any browser you like. It could be an Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator or Opera, etc. If we have a broadband connection, we connect to the Internet at once. If not, we have to set up and connect to our dial-up service. Finally, if we want to find some information on the Internet, we are to type an address of this data in the browser we use or simply use the existing search programs such as the Google search program, Rambler search program, Yandex search program or Yahoo search program. They are very simple and popular networks of sites. In these programs we can just type the word or name of thing, we would like to find and then press “enter”. A search program solves this problem. We get our result in the same window. After we get our results, we simply choose whatever site best matches our query or keep searching.

Besides data, one can get from the Internet, we can also send and receive e-mail. This Internet service is cheaper than ordinary mail and much quicker. It is becoming popular day by day. We can get some news from the Internet, because there are many informational services in the web.

I. Answer the questions:

1.What is the Internet?

2.When did public Internet appear?

3.What should you do to find the information in the Internet?

4.What search programs do you know?

5.How does the search program operate?

6.How do we search the information in the Internet?

II. Correct the mistakes in the sentences according to the text:

1.All computers share data.

2.Telnet is very helpful nowadays.

3.Public Internet started in the early 70s.

4.You can get only data from the Internet.

5.The internet is less popular nowadays.

6.The Internet service is very expensive.

 

The 9-th form                      Reading                                                        I semester

                                                                        II variant

                                                                 Microsoft Company

Paul Allen and Bill Gates founded Microsoft Company in 1975. Microsoft is the best-known American company involved in software production. Microsoft’s wealth and power is growing up for years. It is a giant company. Microsoft’s $25 billion market value tops that of Ford, General Motors. Some time ago, Microsoft dominated the PC market with its MS-DOS operating system, the basic software that let the computer understand your commands and carry them out, appeared in the beginning of the 80-s. MS-DOS ran on 90% of the world’s IBM and IBM-clone computers. Then , Microsoft extended that presence with releasing of Windows which is probably the most important and popular operating system in the world. And now it dominates the market.

Firstly, Microsoft released Windows  ’95 in 1995. It was a graphic interface environment that ran on top of MS-DOS and replaced DOS in future versions. Then, Microsoft released Widows ’98, Windows NT, Windows Millennium, Windows 2000 and Windows XP.

Microsoft also supplies about 50 % of the world’s  applications. Among them, there are three well-known Office Packs; they are called Microsoft Office programs such as Excel(spreadsheets), Microsoft Word(word processing), Access(data bases), Outlook Express (e-mail). There were releases in 1997, 2000, 2002, when appeared Microsoft Office XP. Microsoft is also in the market of networking, multimedia and even books. And as an earlier supporter of the Macintosh computer, Microsoft virtually owns the Mac application market.

It has been calculated that Microsoft controls 80-85 % of the entire PC software industry. The company has hundreds of products and thousands of employees, making it one of the largest companies. Many of the company’s shareholders are now millionaires and a few including Bill Gates and Paul Allen are billionaires. Microsoft is  no doubt the fastest growing company in the PC software industry.

I. Answer the questions:

1.Who founded the company?

2.When was the company founded?

3.What does the company produce?

4.How many Windows operating systems did Microsoft release?

5.Who are the shareholders of the company?

6.How many people work for the company?

II. Make up questions to the answers.

1.Paul Allen and Bill Gates founded the company in 1975.

2.Microsoft is the best-known American company involved in software production.

3.Microsoft released  Widows ’98, Windows NT, Windows Millennium, Windows 2000 and Windows XP.

4. Microsoft is also in the market of networking, multimedia and even books.

5.Many of the company’s shareholders are millionaires now.

6. Microsoft is  the fastest growing company in the PC software industry

 

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До підручника
Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) 9 клас (Карпюк О.Д.)
Додано
29 липня
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