Матеріал до уроків англійської мови в старших класах з теми “Eating out”

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Матеріал до уроків англійської мови в старших класах з теми “Eating out” включає в себе текст "Chocolate is good for your heart" та 7 завдань на розуміння прочитаного.

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Матеріал до уроків англійської мови в старших класах з теми Eating out

Довбета О.Д.,

викладач англійської мови

Радивилівський професійний ліцей

Рівненська обл.

Chocolate

Chocolate

Do you like chocolate? It’s popular all over the world, but why? Scientists have been trying to discover its secrets. The main thing is that chocolate makes us happy. This may have something to do with the 380 known chemicals found in it. The problem is that many of these chemicals appear in other types of food too. So, it’s difficult to know why the ones in chocolate make us feel good. But we aren’t all lost. Adam Drewnowski at the University of Michigan found that chocolate makes the human brain produce natural opiates, called opioids. These can stop pain and make us feel good.

1) Read, translate and discuss  the text.       

Chocolate is good for your heart

A study carried out in Germany has found that chocolate may be good for your heart. This is fantastic news for all chocolate lovers. The extensive research was conducted over eight years. The research team followed the chocolate-eating habits and health of almost 20,000 people. They compared how much chocolate was in their diet to the number of heart attacks and strokes people had. Lead researcher Brian Bruise said: "The good news is that chocolate is not as bad as we used to think, and may even lower the risk of heart disease and stroke." Mr. Bruise said his team found that dark chocolate was the healthiest kind to eat: "Dark chocolate exhibits the greatest effects, milk chocolate fewer, and white chocolate no effects," he said.

The German study showed that people who ate the most chocolate (at least one bar per week) reduced their risk of having a heart attack by 27 per cent. The risk of suffering a stroke was cut by as much as 48 per cent. Nutrition experts believe that natural compounds in chocolate called flavones are good for our heart. Flavones also help reduce blood pressure. They are found in cocoa beans so dark chocolate (which has more cocoa) contains more of them than milk chocolate (which has more fat). Bruise warns people not to suddenly eat lots of chocolate: "Eating higher amounts will most likely result in weight gain. If people start eating small amounts of chocolate, it should replace something else, preferably other high-calorie sweets or snacks."

2) Read the headline. Guess if  a-h  below are true (T) or false (F).

a.

The article says German chocolate is the healthiest in the world.

T / F

b.

A study looked at 20,000 people over an eight-year period.

T / F

c.

Researchers followed people who were on a chocolate diet.

T / F

d.

Researchers found white chocolate helped reduce heart attacks.

T / F

e.

Chocolate cut the chances of strokes more than heart attacks.

T / F

f.

Chemicals in chocolate called flavonols are not found in nature.

T / F

g.

The lead researcher warned people not to eat too much chocolate.

T / F

h.

The researcher suggested replacing sweets with chocolate.

T / F

3) Match the following synonyms from the article.

1.

Found

a.

chance

2

Fantastic

b.

experiencing

3.

Extensive

c.

cut

4.

Risk

d.

volumes

5.

Exhibits

e.

discovered

6.

Reduced

f.

wide-ranging

7.

Suffering

g.

mixtures

8.

Compounds

h.

wonderful

9.

Amounts

i.

if possible

10.

Preferably

j.

shows

4) Match the following phrases (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

1.

chocolate may

a.

of heart disease

2

This is fantastic news for

b.

called flavonols

3.

They compared how much chocolate

c.

eat lots of chocolate

4.

lower the risk

d.

be good for your heart

5.

dark chocolate was the healthiest

e.

stroke was cut

6.

at least one

f.

sweets or snacks

7.

The risk of suffering a

g.

was in their diet

8.

natural compounds in chocolate

h.

kind to eat

9.

Bruise warns people not to suddenly

i.

bar per week

10.

other high-calorie

j.

all chocolate lovers

5)  Put the words into the gaps in the text.

A study ____________ out in Germany has found that chocolate may be good for your heart. This is ____________ news for all chocolate ____________. The extensive research was conducted over eight years. The research team followed the chocolate-eating ____________ and health of almost 20,000 people. They compared how much chocolate was in their ____________ to the number of heart attacks and strokes people had. Lead researcher Brian Bruise said: "The good news is that chocolate is not as bad as we used to think, and may even lower the ____________ of heart disease and stroke.” Mr. Bruise said his team found that dark chocolate was the healthiest ____________ to eat: "Dark chocolate exhibits the ____________ effects, milk chocolate fewer, and white chocolate no effects," he said.

6)  Put the words into the gaps in the text.

 

 

diet
lovers
kind
carried
greatest
habits
fantastic
risk

The German study showed that people who ate the most chocolate (at ____________ one bar per week) reduced their risk of having a heart attack by 27 per cent. The risk of suffering a stroke was ____________ by as much as 48 per cent. Nutrition ____________ believe that natural compounds in chocolate called flavones are good for our heart. Flavones also help reduce blood ____________. They are found in cocoa beans so dark chocolate (which has more cocoa) ____________ more of them than milk chocolate (which has more fat). Bruise warns people not to ____________ eat lots of chocolate: "Eating higher amounts will most likely result in weight ____________. If people start eating small amounts of chocolate, it should replace something ____________, preferably other high-calorie sweets or snacks."

 

 

suddenly
cut
pressure
else
experts
least
gain
contains

7) Put the correct words from the table in the article.

A study carried (1) ____ in Germany has found that chocolate may be good for your heart. This is fantastic news for all chocolate lovers. The extensive research was conducted (2) ____ eight years. The research team followed the chocolate-eating habits and health of almost 20,000 people. They compared how much chocolate was in their (3) ____ to the number of heart attacks and strokes people had. Lead researcher Brian Bruise said: "The good news is that chocolate is not as bad as we used to think, and may even (4) ____ the risk of heart disease and stroke.” Mr. Bruise said his team found that dark chocolate was the healthiest kind to eat: "Dark chocolate (5) ____ the greatest effects, milk chocolate (6) ____, and white chocolate no effects," he said.

The German study showed that people who ate the most chocolate (at least one  (7) ____ per week) reduced their risk of having a heart attack by 27 per cent. The risk of suffering a stroke was cut by as (8) ____ as 48 per cent. Nutrition experts believe that natural compounds in chocolate called flavones are good for our heart. Flavones also help reduce blood pressure. They are found in cocoa beans (9) ____ dark chocolate (which has more cocoa) contains more of them than milk chocolate (which has more fat). Bruise warns people (10) ____ to suddenly eat lots of chocolate: "Eating higher amounts will most (11) ____ result in weight gain. If people start eating small amounts of chocolate, it should replace something else, (12) ____ other high-calorie sweets or snacks."

1.

(a)   in

(b)   on

(c)   out

(d)   up

2.

(a)  under

(b)    around

(c)   above

(d)   over

3.

(a)  diet

(b)    food

(c)   weight

(d)   nutrition

4.

(a)  low

(b)    lower

(c)   lower

(d)   lows

5.

(a)  exhibition

(b)    exhibits

(c)   exhibited

(d)   exhibit

6.

(a)  fewer

(b)    lower

(c)   least

(d)   last

7.

(a)  par

(b)    ear

(c)   bar

(d)   tar

8.

(a)  more

(b)    many

(c)   most

(d)   much

9.

(a)  so

(b)    as

(c)   such

(d)   should

10.

(a)  now

(b)    no

(c)   not

(d)   non

11.

(a)  liked

(b)    likely

(c)   likelihood

(d)   likes

12.

(a)  prefer

(b)    preference

(c)   prefers

(d)   preferably

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8) Write a letter to a chocolate expert. Ask him/her three questions about chocolate. Give him/her three of your favorite chocolate stories. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

 

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