SHAKESPEARE'S SONNETS познайомить учнів з творчістю письменника.Працюючи над віршем, не слід забувати, що об'єкт аналізу — поетичний твір. У нього особлива форма, що зумовлює використання специфічних прийомів роботи над ним. Йому притаманні більша, ніж в оповіданнях, образність, своєрідна синтаксична будова речень, лаконічне змалювання образів. Це змушує вчителя бути особливо пильним до пояснень окремих слів і виразів, тлумачення смислу речень.
Listen to the poem and read it. Answer the questions:
Not marble, nor the gilded monuments
Of princes, shall outlive this powerful rhyme;
But you shall shine more bright in these contents
Than unswept stone besmear’d with sluttish time.
When wasteful war shall statues overturn,
And broils root out the work of masonry,
Nor Mars his sword nor war’s quick fire shall burn
The living record of your memory.
‘gainst death and all-oblivious enmity
shall you pace forth; your praise shall still find room
even in the eyes of all posterity
that wear this world out to the ending doom.
So, till the judgment that yourself arise,
You live in this, and dwell in lover’s eyes.
besmear’d = besmeared
‘gainst = against
In poetry, the device of ending two or more lines with words that sound alike is called end rhyming; end words that share a particular sound are end rhymes.
When used in a poem, end rhymes set up a pattern of sounds, or a rhyme scheme. You can chart a rhyme scheme with letters of the alphabet by using the same letter for end words that rhyme. The rhyme scheme for the beginning of this poem will be a b a b c d:
a (the first line ends with the word monuments),
b (the second line ends with a different rhyming sound in the word rhyme),
a (the third line ends with contents, which rhymes with monuments),
b (the fourth line ends with time, which rhymes with the word rhyme),
c (the fourth line ends with a new rhyming sound in the word overturn),
d (the fifth line ends with a different sound in masonry), etc.
By using this method, you can chart the rhyme scheme of any poem that uses end rhymes. A verse of four lines, usually rhyming a b a b, is called a quatrain. Two successive lines of verse, equal in length and with rhyme, are called a couplet.
B. Write the rhyme scheme of the whole poem. How many quatrains and couplets does it consist of?
The rhyme scheme you have just drawn forms the sonnet. This poetical form was brought to England from Italy at the beginning of the 16th century. It became very popular both with poets and readers. Thousands of sonnets were written and published during the 90s of the 16th century. In those years the poets considered Love to be the only suitable topic for the sonnets.
C. Write a word-to-word translation of the sonnet into Ukrainian, using a dictionary.