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«Білоцерківський механіко-енергетичний технікум»
London, the capital of Great Britain, lies in the valley of the Thames.
There are many interesting historical places in London, such as the Tower, the Houses of Parliament, Westminster Abbey, Trafalgar Square, St. Paul’s Cathedral, Buckingham Palace, London eye. London is famous for its museums and galleries.
It is the most famous landmark in London. Big Ben is the name of a huge clock in one of the tall towers of the Houses of Parliament. The clock tower is 316ft high and 40ft square. The faces of the clock are very large. When the Houses of Parliament are in session, the clock is illuminated at night by a light that goes off only when the House rises.
The Houses of Parliament
Houses of parliament contain the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two chambers where parliamentary business is debated.
This is a complex of buildings. It is the place where the parliament meets and where the Prime Minister and the government work.
This old building is a castle that stands near Tower Bridge.
The Tower of London is an old castle on the bank of the Thames a fortress, a place and a prison.
For centuries the Tower housed the royal menagerie. The wild animals are not kept in the Tower now, but one can see some ravens there. There is a legend that the Tower will fall if it loses its ravens. Therefore the birds with clipped wings are carefully guarded.
Now the Tower is a museum and houses the Crown jewels and other treasures.
The next interesting place in London is Tower Bridge.
This bridge was built in the 19th century. It is the only bridge that can open in the middle so that large ships can pass through.
This beautiful white building is the Queen’s home. It is official London residence. The first queen who lived there was Victoria in the 19th century. The Royal Flag is flying there when the Queen is at home.
Westminster Abbey is very old and very beautiful, and it is full of history. Nearly all the kings and queens of Britain were crowned and buried there.
Chaucer, Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, Newton, Darwin were buried there too. There in the Poet’s Corner there are memorials to Shakespeare, Burns, Byron, Thackeray, Scott and Longfellow.
St. paul’s cathedral
It is Sir Christopher Wren’s masterpiece. The construction of the Cathedral started in 1675. The magnificent classical structure is crowned by the dome. Inside the Dome are scenes from the life of St. Paul. When Wren died he was buried in the cathedral which his genius and toil had created.
Trafalgar Square - It is a square and it is named after a great British victory. The Battle of Trafalgar was won by Admiral Nelson. In the middle of the square there is the Nelson´s column with the statue of Admiral Nelson. Every Christmas there is the Christmas tree that stands in the middle of the square.
Now Trafakgar Square is the traditional place for mass meetings and demonstrations of English people.
London Eye - This is one of the most popular tourist attractions. It is the highest observation wheel in the world and it was built to celebrate the millennium. 32 cabins, 25 persons each, it takes 30 minutes to make the full circle.
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