29 травня о 18:00Вебінар: Фізика для сучасного школяра: традиції, інновації, STEM

Victorian School Days

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Презентація до уроку з англійської мови на тему: Школа в Англії в епоху Вікторіанства.Презентація розкриває історічний аспект епохи Вікторіанства.
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Victorian School Days What was it like to go to school in the Victorian times?

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Who were the Victorians? The Victorians lived over one hundred and fifty years ago. They were called Victorians because the lived during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837 to 1901). Queen Victoria Victorian People

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Victorian school children Look at what the children are wearing is it similar or different to what you wear to school?

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A Victorian School Children had to pay to go to school. If they didn’t bring the money they were turned away.

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Who went to school in Victorian times?

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What did the children learn? Schools did not teach music or PE in the way that schools do now. Children sometimes did 'drill' in the classroom. Drill was a series of exercises that were done by the side of a desk.

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What was it like to go to school in Victorian times? There could be as many as 70 or 80 pupils in one class, especially in cities. The teachers were very strict. Children were often taught by reading and copying things down, or chanting things till they were perfect.

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What was a Victorian School day like?

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School Teacher Children were often scared of their teachers because they were very strict. Children as young as thirteen helped the teacher to control the class. These “pupil teachers” scribbled notes for their lessons in books .They received certificates which helped them qualify as teachers when they were older. In schools before 1850 you might see a single teacher instructing a class of over 100 children with help of pupils called “monitors”. The head teacher quickly taught these monitors, some of them as young as nine, who then tried to teach their schoolmates. Salaries were low, and there were more women teaching  than men. The pale, lined faces of older teachers told a story. Some taught only because they were too ill to do other jobs. The poor conditions in schools simply made their health even worse. Sometimes, teachers were attacked by angry parents. They shouted that their children should be at work earning money, not wasting time at school. Teachers in rough areas had to learn to box!

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School Pupils After 1870, all children from five to thirteen had to attend school by law. In winter in the countryside, many children faced a teeth chattering walk to school of several miles. A large number didn’t turn up. Lessons lasted from 9am to 5pm, with a two hour lunch break. Because classes were so large, pupils all had to do the same thing at the same time. The teacher barked a command,  and  the children all opened their books. At the second command they began copying sentences from the blackboard. When pupils found their work boring, teachers found their pupils difficult to control.

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Punishment Cane Teachers handed out regular canings. Schools kept “punishment book” that every teacher would have to write in, and the reasons for the use of the crane would be: - rude conduct, - leaving the playground without permission, - sulkiness, - answering back, - missing Sunday prayers, - throwing ink pellets - being late Boys were caned across their bottoms, and girls across their hands or bare legs.

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Punishment Dunce's Cap Punishment did not end with caning. Students had to stand on a stool at the back of the class, wearing an arm band with DUNCE written on it. The teacher then took a tall, cone-shaped hat decorated with a large “D”, and placed it on the boys head. Victorian teachers believed that all children could learn at the same speed, and if some fell behind then they should be punished for not trying hard enough.

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Drill When its time for PE or “drill”, a pupil teacher starts playing an out-of-tune piano . The children would jog, stretch and lift  weights in time to the awful music. The teacher would ring a heavy , brass bell to announce the end of school and the pupils march out to the playground in perfect time

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Outside the classroom there would be small yard. Games of blind mans buff, snakes and ladders, hide-and-seek and hopscotch are in full swing. Playtime

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A Victorian Classroom

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What was a Victorian Classroom like? Look at the photo of the Victorian classroom what can you see? Click on the words to find out more information. Abacus Writing Slate School Bell Black board School desk

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What is a writing slate? Victorian children were taught to write at first with a tray filled with sand. They would copy a letter from the blackboard in to the sand with their finger. All children had to write with their right hand. When they could form the letters the children would write on a slate board. The teacher would check the children's work and the children would wipe the slate clean. This is where we get the saying, 'to wipe the slate clean' from. As children became older they were taught to write in copperplate handwriting. The children had to copy words and sentences from a copy book. As they used pens which had to be dipped in to ink, it was easy for the ink to splatter on the page. You would be punished if you did this.

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What is a abacus?

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School Desk

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School Bell A bell would ring at the beginning and end of lessons. The bell would also ring at playtimes.

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Black board The teacher would write the work for each lesson on the board for the children to copy down onto their slate boards or writing books.

До підручника
Англійська мова (8-й рік навчання) 8 клас (Карпюк О.Д.)
28 березня
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