Read the follow proverbs and explain their meaning.
An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
Good health is above wealth.
After dinner sit a while, after supper walk a mile.
Laughter is the best medicine.
Many doctors have killed the king.
A merry heart is a good medicine.
A sound mind is in a sound body.
Answer the questions
«Do we eat the healthy food?»
«What do children know about vitamins and water?»
«Should wee keep the diet to be healthy?»
Classify these things as healthy (H) and unhealthy (U):
Bread, chocolate, cigarettes, fried eggs, fresh fruit, fresh, vegetables, meat, milk, pasta, tomatoes, sweets.
3. GRAMMAR PRACTICE
Complete these healthy eating tips using much, many, little, a lot of.
Too ----- food makes you slim.
Too ----- food makes you fat.
Too ----- sweets are bad for you, especially for your teeth.
Eat ----- high fat food and ----- fibre.
----- fruit and vegetables keep you healthy.
Too little food makes you slim.
Too much food makes you fat.
Too many sweets are bad for you, especially for your teeth.
Eat little high fat food and much fibre.
A lot of fruit and vegetables keep you healthy.
Correct the mistakes.
1. Eat more sugar.
2. Don’t eat vegetables.
3. Eat much fat.
4. Eat less fresh fruit.
5. Eat a lot of salt.
6. Eat a lot between meals.
1. Eat less sugar.
2. Eat more vegetables.
3. Eat little fat.
4. Eat more fresh fruit.
5. Eat little salt.
6. Don’t eat a lot between meals.
1.Guess whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F).
Eating junk food is a great passion of people.
A lot of people have ever enjoyed a hamburger.
The American habit of eating popcorn at the movies is not well-known.
Junk food has is rich in vitamins and minerals.
Junk food has poor nutrition and that’s why is unhealthy.
Junk food doesn’t cause diseases.
Junk food is attractive.
About the food pyramid
The food pyramid is designed to make healthy eating easier. Eat foods from each shelf of the food pyramid in the correct amounts each day. This way, you’ll get the balance of energy and nutrients you need for good health.
A vegetable is a part of a plant consumed by humans that is generally savory but is not sweet. A vegetable is not considered a grain, fruit, nut, spice, or herb. For example, the stem, root, flower, etc., may be eaten as vegetables. Vegetables contain many vitamins and minerals; however, different vegetables contain different spreads, so it is important to eat a wide variety of types. For example, green vegetables typically contain vitamin A, dark orange and dark green vegetables contain vitamin C, and vegetables like broccoli and related plants contain iron and calcium. Vegetables are very low in fats and calories, but ingredients added in preparation can often add these.
In terms of food (rather than botany), fruits are the sweet-tasting seed-bearing parts of plants, or occasionally sweet parts of plants which do not bear seeds. These include apples, oranges, plums, bananas, etc. Fruits are low in calories and fat and are a source of natural sugar, fiber and vitamins. Processing fruits when canning or making into juice may add sugar and remove nutrients. The fruits food group is sometimes combined with the vegetable food group. Note that a massive number of different plant species produce seed pods which are considered fruits in botany, and there is a number of botanical fruits which are conventionally not considered fruits in cuisine because they lack the characteristic sweet taste, e.g., tomatoes or avocados.
The food pyramid advises that fats be consumed sparingly. Butter and oils are examples of fats. Healthy sources of fat can be found in fish, nuts, and certain fruits and vegetables, such as avocados.
Dairy products are produced from the milk of mammals, usually but not exclusively cattle. They include milk, yogurt and cheese. Milk and its derivative products are a rich source of dietary calcium and also provide protein, phosphorus, vitamin A, and vitamin D. However, many dairy products are high in saturated fat and cholesterol compared to vegetables, fruits and whole grains, which is why skimmed products are available as an alternative. Historically, adults were recommended to consume three cups of dairy products per day. More recently, evidence is mounting that dairy products have greater levels of negative effects on health than previously thought and confer fewer benefits. For example, recent research has shown that dairy products are not related to stronger bones or less fractures.
MEAT and BEANS
Meat is the tissue – usually muscle – of an animal consumed by humans. Since most parts of many animals are edible, there is a vast variety of meats. Meat is a major source of protein, as well as iron, zinc, and vitamin B12. Meats, poultry, and fish include beef, chicken, pork, salmon, tuna, shrimp, and eggs.
The meat group is one of the major compacted food groups in the food guide pyramid. Many of the same nutrients found in meat can also be found in foods like eggs, dry beans, and nuts, such foods are typically placed in the same category as meats, as meat alternatives. These include tofu, products that resemble meat or fish but are made with soy, eggs, and cheeses. For those who do not consume meat or animal products (see Vegetarianism, veganism and Taboo food and drink), meat analogs, tofu, beans, lentils, chick peas, nuts and other high-protein vegetables are also included in this group. The food guide pyramid suggests that adults eat 2–3 servings per day. One serving of meat is 4 oz (110 g), about the size of a deck of cards.
Complete the Table.
Fill in Food Pyramid.
Find the Words.
7. ІНТЕРАКТИВНІ ВПРАВИ
Match the words with their translations.
Game “Find the Word”
Answer the question:
What fruit/ vegetables can you see?
Write 5 questions to the topic.
“Fill in groups”
“The Rebus Game"
The wise man should consider that health is the greatest of human blessings.
Let food be your medicine.