Впровадження системи лексико-граматичних вправ з метою формування комунікативної та соціокультурної компетентностей учнів на уроках іноземної мови

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Системне використання універсальних лексико-граматичних структур (Substitution tables) забезпечує формування, вдосконалення навичок, розвиток комунікативних умінь іншомовного спілкування, які дають можливість учням самостійно вирішувати комунікативно-пізнавальні завдання. Лексико-граматичнi структури (Substitution tables) відповідають етапам формування, вдосконалення навичок механізму говоріння, розвитку умiнь непiдготовленого усного мовлення; використовуються в процесі навчання всiх мовленнєвих ситуацій в ході певних етапiв уроку; охоплюють всю тему, або є ключовими опорами Лексико-граматичнi структури (Substitution tables) дають можливiсть цiлеспрямовано: активiзувати вживання в мовленнi розмовних клiше; комбiнувати рiзноманiтнi структури в мовленнi залежно від поставленого комунiкативного завдання.
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Впровадження системи лексико-граматичних вправ з метою формування комунікативної та соціокультурної компетентностей учнів на уроках іноземної мови

Системне використання універсальних лексико-граматичних структур (Substitution tables) забезпечує формування, вдосконалення навичок, розвиток комунікативних умінь іншомовного спілкування, які дають можливість учням самостійно вирішувати комунікативно-пізнавальні завдання.

Лексико-граматичнi структури (Substitution tables) відповідають етапам формування, вдосконалення навичок механізму говоріння, розвитку умiнь непiдготовленого усного мовлення; використовуються в процесі навчання всiх мовленнєвих ситуацій в ході певних етапiв уроку; охоплюють всю тему, або є ключовими опорами

Лексико-граматичнi структури (Substitution tables) дають можливiсть цiлеспрямовано:

активiзувати вживання в мовленнi розмовних клiше; комбiнувати рiзноманiтнi структури в мовленнi залежно від поставленого комунiкативного завдання.

 

Substitution tables

 

Youth subcultures

 

1. What are the modern subcultures in the world?

The most common subcultures in the world

are

hippies, goths, emos, skinheads, punks

 

2. Are the youth subcultures fading away?

 

The youth subcultures

are fading away

disappeared

are absorbed by internet social nets

interacted in mass culture

intergrated into mass cultures

 

3. Are subcultures dangerous for society?

 

Very often young people

meet together

listen to music

rest

help each other

but

 

young people

think

become

make

imitate

unite

use

force is the only decision of the problems

addict, weak-willed

war between certain groups

lifestyle

people in / within the limits

drugs, alcohol, in order to relax

 

subcultures

is dangerous

is useful

because

it deprives person’s individuality

 

Charity and Volunteering

1. What are well-known charity organizations?

Some well-known charity organizations

are

include

Oxfam

Save the Children

World Food Programme

UNICEF

Doctors Without Borders.

2. What are goals of charity organizations?

Some well-known charity organizations

focus on

giving support people in need

poverty

hunger

healthcare

humanitarian crises around the world.

 

3. What are well-known volunteering organizations?

Some well-known volunteering organizations

are

include

Habitat for Humanity

Red Cross

Doctors Without Borders

Peace Corps.

 

4. What are goals of Volunteering organizations?

 

Volunteering organizations

are aimed

have goals

to address various social / environmental /

 humanitarian needs / community development /

 disaster relief / healthcare provision /

 education support / environmental conservation

to give addressed suppot people in need

 

Volunteering organizations

strive to make a positive impact on

society

mobilizing volunteers

contributing time

/skills/resources

to achieve goals

 

5. Is volunteerism popular in Ukraine? What is the impact of volunteerism in Ukraine?

 

Some people

They

Volunteers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The vet volunteers

prefer

like

make a difference

could join up

do

help

 

 

join

donate

 

treat

volunteering in their free time

volunteering

in the day-to-day life of people in the community.

with people who share your interests.

useful things together.

the Ukrainian army and the wounded

people who come from the conflict zones.

the war victims

in the charitable activities

to projects helping those affected

collect clothes and household goods for people from conflict zones

sick or injured animals at the animal bazaar/shelter

 

6. Are schoolchildren active in different kinds of charity work?

Schoolchildren

are

take part

participate

very active in different kinds of charity work

in different kinds of charity work.

 

 

7. What projects can be organized by volunteers in schools?

Schoolchildren

organize different projects

take part in different projects

“Kind Hearts”

“Make the Area Beautiful”

“Instruct the Elderly”

“Bring Joy to Children”

“Bring stationery for our local orphanage”

“Rake leaves and clean up local park”

“Paint the playground and fence in the kindergarten.”

 

9. Where can schoolchildren find these like-minded people?

 

Schoolchildren

can you find like-minded people

in social media/ local newspaper

 

 

School

1. What is school for us?

 

It is a place where pupils

learn

demonstrate

realize

gain

develop

get

to respect each other

their talents

different things

themselves

knowledge

their relationship

education

 

2. Do children like to go to school?

 

We

I

 Children

like(s)

dislike(s)

to go to school

they

I

we

can (not)

develop our (my) abilities

play interesting games

choose different kind of activities there

show our / talents talents

learn to become self-confident gain knowledge

 

3. What and who help(s) you to study?

 

Visual aids

Maps

Pictures

Rules

A good book

help(s)

pupils

us

to understand

grammar rules

difficult material

different subjects

 

4. What is your favourite subject and why?

 

My favourite subject(s)

is

are

Maths

Literature

PE

Ar

Russian

English

Nature Study

because

I

we

is

are

am

fond of

interested in

good at

reading books

doing sums

running

jumping

 

5. Why do pupils wear school uniform? Do you always try to get it tidy? Why?

 

Pupils

wear

school uniform

because

a uniform disciplines

they like to look tidy

they feel they belong to a certain group

they can concentrate on work rather than on classmates clothes

schoolchildren don’t envy each other

 

6. Is it necessary to wear a school uniform?

 

A school uniform

gives

introduces

breaks down

students sense of identity

a sense of belonging to a certain group

the barriers between children from different economic background

 

 

School Education

1. What is education aimed on?

 

Education

helps us

makes us

to form an individual opinion

to make a change in ourselves or in the world based on our knowledge

broaden the mind

curious about things, about life

to draw conclusions from things

to form an individual opinion

widen the scope

 

2. How does education help to succeed in life?

 

Education

helps

to master a good profession

to succeed in your career

to start your own business

to get a high-paid job

3. What systems of school education does Ukraine / USA / UK have?

Education in

Ukraine

UK

USA

comprises

 basic levels

elementary

primary

secondary

high

pre-school

 

School education

is

free of charge

fee-paying

compulsory

comprehensive

selective

in Ukraine/USA/ UK

 

4. What are the most important factors for success at school?

 

The most important factors for success are

motivation

 

being organized

being disciplined

 

high exams results

 

natural talents

when you are interested in

 

when you keep rules and obligations

 

you become more confident

 

you need to do your best

you are eager to do smth

 

the results are higher

 

 

 

 

to develop your talents

 

5. How is school life organized?

 

School year

School day

consists of

lasts

begins

ends

9 months

terms

at 9 a. m

at 3.13 p. m

 

School

works according

 

teaches

National Carriculum

National Standard

core subjects

optional courses

 

6. What does school teach us?

 

Attending school

teachers us

to socialize with others

to get along with students of all ages, teachers

 

7. What are modern education technologies?

 

Distance education

Distance learning

E-learning

is / are established

focuses

aims

offers

to provide access

to deliver

on technology

courses online

new technologies

education to students

 

8. Why is e-learning becoming very popular / useful/modern?

 

E-learning

is

a way

to improve our education system

to save money for education/building schools

to less / low money spending for hiring teachers

 

 

9. Do you think learning without teachers, classroom, schools in general will ever take place?

 

Computers

open up

give

new roads in education

access to online materials / video interviews

ability to use information on internet

access to the best educational technology

presentation of information during lessons

 

 

Teachers

supervise

engage

talk to

is

students

students in discussions

students in face-to face discussions

students directly

the focus in the classroom

10. What makes a good teacher?

 

A good teacher

possesses

is characterized with

patience

being a good listener

kindness

sense of humour

sense of fairness

ability to stimulate students

enthusiasm

knowledge of subjects

 

11. What are the reasons students stay away from school?

 

Students stay away from school

because of

friends influence

boredom during classes

family problems

problems at school

 

Art

1.Why do we like / admire / value works of art ?

 

Works of art

show

reflect

help

enrich

shades and nuances of the time

internal psychological and social drama of a painter

apprehend the motley colours of the material world

sensitive perception of reality

hidden world of feelings

The artists’works

are

impressive

invaluable

well-known

for

profound philosophical inference / |unprecedented / an unusual figurative structure of the composition

 

2.What do the artists want to reflect by their works?

 

It goes without saying

It’s no exaggeration to say

that

the artist

developed his own theory of caricature

created a caricature of his time

made a lot of “moralities”

influenced the development of satire of his time

 

The painter’s goal

is

was

to view the life philosophically

to pay attention to follies and vices of the middle class

to raise the problems of the morals

to create a gallery of satirical portraits

 

In his

Canvases

Pictures

portraits

the painter

relied on

asserted

advocated

presented

conveyed

the spiritual beauty of a man

his personal observations the typical and essential modernity of his vision

the grandeur and joy of earthly life

compositions

 

3.How can we characterize the artist ?

 

The artist

was

a painter of great distinction

a master of genre and portrait painting

a philosopher who grasped the poetic individuality of his people

a searcher for an epic monumental idiom adequate to portray his time

an outstanding portraitist and humanitarian

a creator of poetic symbol of his homeland

remarkable for lofty feelings of joy and sorrow

 

1) Develop the topic using questions, substitution tables

Answer the questions:

Do you agree with all the statements of the preface written by the author to his book?

“The Picture of Dorian Gray?” Would you like to share your views on some of them?

2) Draw arguments to support your point of view.

“The artist is the creator of beautiful things. To reveal art and conceal the artist is art’s aim.”

“The artist can express everything.

Diversity of opinion about a work of art shows that the work is new, complex and vital.”

“When critics disagree the artist is in accord with himself. All art is quite useless.” (Oscar Wilde)

— What is “art”? How do you understand it?

— “Art ... is a veil rather than a mirror” (O. Wilde).

3) Can people live without art?

4) What purposes does true art serve?

5) How does it help to educate people?

6) Do you think art can be great if it is not linked with the life of the people, their interests and ideals?

7) Is it worth while creating pictures (works of art) if they are intended for a selected few?

8) Is it possible that an artist should be the first to notice things that other people fail to see?

 

Artists are eager to exhibit their pictures at the galleries.

All painters need sitters to create a portrait.

They say that a picture has a universal language. Agree or disagree.

9) Why do arts flourish when / if the society has reached a high level of development and prosperity?

10) When you see a picture what do you pay attention to: colour, composition, things, people’s faces?

11) True art elevates the mind and soul of people. Can that be said of abstractionism, which is now fashionable?

 

We are teenagers!

1. Is it easy to be a teenager?

 

You are teenager

it is time

of conflicting feelings and desires

of important public exams

of hard (demanding) school work

of starting a serious relationship

when relations can be unstable

when you experiment with your image

of conflicts at school

of feeling of pressure

of misunderstanding between you and parents

 

2. What does it mean to be a teenager?

A “typical teenager”

work

is

 

 

neglect

speak

has

are

has

are

rebel

hard at school

rude and tactless

lazy irresponsible

industrious

like his parents (teachers, friends, opinion)

openly

serious problems

cool guys

alcohol, drug- habits

unpredictable

against parents

 

3. Do teenagers have common problems?

There are many common problems for all teenagers

 

How

What

to plan future

to spend free time

to deal with bulling (to escape bulling)

to do after school

to find friends

to deal with your friends

to solve conflicts with friends, parents

to make parents understand you

to find common language with parents

to express your opinion

to deal with girlfriend (boyfriend)

to avoid conflicts

to become independent

to establish priorities

 

4. Why is it important for parents/ teenagers to be tolerant?

 

It is necessary

It is important

It is a usual thing

to be

tolerant

liberal

with

teenagers

parents

because

 

You

Both of you

He

She

They

 

 

have

has

to solve conflicts

to make the right choices

to find balance in your relations

to keep your opinions open

to cultivate positive emotions

to establish priorities

 

5. Is it different being a teenager today from when my parents were teenagers?

It is different being a teenager today because

 

Teenagers

We

Life

Pressure

have

need

is

goes on

more freedom

more space to act

more complicated

teenagers

today

 

6. What advice could be given to teenagers to escape bulling?

 

A

teenager

person

should(not)

be weak

call class mates nasty words

spread ramous about classmates

make unpleasant remarks

push

kick anybody

pinch

deserve to be bullied

behave himself in a violent, threatening way

frighten someone who is weaker

encourage someone who is being bullied

 

The Pleasure of Reading

 

1. What does reading do for you? What do we read for?

 

 

 

Reading (books)

 

 

Is

useful

interesting

exciting

waste of time

important part

pleasure

 

 

for everybody

of everybody’s life

 

 

because

 

 

 

 

 

while reading

 

 

you

we

he

she

I

widen your scope

enrich, enlarge vocabulary

develop your imagination

begin to think about everything

get interesting information

learn how to behave yourself

lose in dreams

learn the history of different countries

learn something interesting about persons character

learn people

 

2. What impressions do books produce on you?

How do books influence you?

 

Usually books

produce

teach (me)

help

give (me)

long and lasting impression on us, me

unforgettable impression on me

to solve different problems

to find decisions in different situations

to become better

positive examples of behavior

 

3. What books do you prefer to read?

I

he

we

you

prefer

like

dislike

to read

books

 

war novels

historical novels

romances

fairy tales

science fiction

detective novels

humorous stories

horror novels

which

are

is

keep me in

easy to read

well-written

heavy going

slow-moving

boring

fast-moving

true-to life

fascinating

exciting

amusing

entertaining

enjoyable

interesting

 

4.

 

What

are

is

main characters

plot characters

secondary characters

of the

novel?

poem?

story?

 

The plot (of the story novel)

The main characters

The secondary characters

is

are

disgusting

amazing

interesting

thrilling

witty

entertaining

powerful

 

 

Leadership

 

The word “leadership” has become a buzz word all over the world.

 

1. What are the reason for it?

 

The reason(s)

are

is

the growth of social awareness

the increase of managerial position in industry

to growth of non-governmental organizations

acute character of global issues

 

 

2. What does it mean to be a leader?

 

To lead

means

to conduct

to guide

to be in charge of an activity or group of people

to influence

to persuade

to guide actions and opinions of other people

to direct the course of going before or along with

 

 

3. How universal are characteristics of a leader?

 

The characteristic(s) of a leader

depend(s) on

different cultural environment

person’s age

person’s surrounding

 

A modern leader

should

must

play a leading part (role) in…

be determined to do something

inspire a feeling of achievement

built up a team

occupy a high managerial position

pursue the objectives persistently

confront difficulties

display sense of responsibility

overcome pressure

remain determined

gain public acclaim

be recognized nationwide

 

4. What does a leadership start with?

 

A leadership

Starts

when

you

a person

are

is

can

play a leading part (role) in…

be determined to do something

inspire a feeling of achievement

built up a team

occupy a high managerial position

pursue the objectives persistently

confront difficulties

display sense of responsibility

overcome pressure

remain determined

gain public acclaim

be recognized nationwide

 

5. What traits (features) should a modern leader possess?

 

A modern leader

Must

should

possess

Extraordinary features

 

6. Can you give definite characteristics to a leader?

 

A leader

needs

to be

to have

to process

organized

inspiration

determined

a wider vision

modesty

honesty

a sense of responsibility

flexibility

high moral and discipline

ability to listen to others

 

7. What qualities must a leader process?

What traits must a good leader possess?

Do you have what it takes to lead people

Is there a potential of becoming a leader in every person?

 

The qualities of a leader

are

determined by

depends on

universal in

inborn

specific life situation

cultural environment

 

A good leader

An effective leader

must have/

 

must be able to

 

 

 

must be

 

are

emotional stability

charisma

motivate people

put yourself in another person's shoes

tolerate frustration and stress

practical, logical well-adjusted

often competitive and decisive and usually enjoy overcoming

obstacles

often dominated by a sense of duty

active

expressive

energetic

very optimistic

open to change

quick and alert

tend to be uninhibited

tend to be spontaneous risk-takers

socially aggressive

generally thick-skinned

 

Character

 

1. What words do we use to describe person’s character traits?

 

We

characterize

a person as

kind

expressive

persistent

smart

sensitive

witty

daydreamer

stubborn

hardworking

patient

indifferent

responsible

easy-going

greedy

 

 

 

 

2. What feeling s do people experience?

 

A person

People

experience(s)

pleasant

neutral

unpleasant

feelings

in different situations

 

We

feel

delighted/cheerful/pleased/excited/thrilled

bored/calm/relaxed

terrified/worried/impatient/sad/annoyd/depressed/furious/miserable/

nervous/frustrated/shocked/

disappointed/angry/scared

when

we

smb

smth

are afraid of smth

don’t worry

get presents

terrible/unexpected happen

complete to do smth

are satisfied

disturb you

come across difficulties

 

3. What do we talk about when we want to learn smth about smb’s character?

 

We

People

ask

talk

about

childhood

education

 

work

family

achievements

 

later years

because

character is formed in early years

education shows the cultural level/interests/professional qualities

how much a person earns/his professional experience

shows the status of a person

show if a person is a success/ has a good career/has a happy family

show what a person is interested in

 

4. What challenges are people undertaking?

 

People

are undertaking

try to overcome

challenges

difficulties in social, personal life

troubles connected with health

start a new business

change work

change a lifestyle

 

5. What physical and emotional qualities would a person need to complete these types of challenges?

People

A person

should possess

would have

would be

courage

courageous

ambitious

optimistic

confidence

adventurous

he

she

they

didn’t let any obstacles discourage them

consulted about all plans

thought/think the idea is/was completely realistic

 

 

6. Why do you think people take on challenges?

 

They

A person

take(s) on challenges

to succeed

to be a success

to achieve goals

to make money

to have a high-paid job

to have entertainments

to risk

to have adrenaline

 

7. How does a society influence the character, behavior of its members?

 

The British

The American

The Ukranian

society

is

more

less

informal

social distinction

 

8. Can we describe a “typical” character, behavior of the Americans / British / Ukrainians?

 

The Americans

The British

The Ukrainians

(don’t) show

are (not)

consciousness of social distinction

use the fist names calling each other

slap on the shoulder

joke

easily show signs of friendship

much freer in speech

speak more / less slangly

 

Fashion is Getting More Reasonable

 

1. Can you share the opinion that the first impression we make depends on our clothes?

 

The first impression

I

we

he

you

produce(s)

make(s)

partly

fully

secondary

depends on

what we wear

how we wear

our manners

our character

 

It’s helpful

to have your own style

to have some “clothes sense”

to know and feel the style

 

2. What should you do to adapt the fashion to your personality?

 

You

I

He

should

would

follow

watch

read

learn

your friends’(parents’) advice

TV programs

articles

different styles

to adapt the fashion

to your personality (appearance)

 

3. Why do we follow fashion?

 

We

I

He

 

follow(s)

fashion certain style

because

we

he

people

I

want(s)

to stand out of the group

t be a bit different from the rest

to attract smb’s attention

to shock and provoke people

 

4. Why it is important to wear the right things, to follow fashion?

 

It is(not)

important

necessary

difficult

to wear the right things

to follow fashion

to be in fashion

to look good

to feel ourselves comfortable

to be accepted in some groups, layers of society

to feel yourself closer

 

5. What did / does fashion reflect?

 

Fashion

reflects(ed)

the values of the different times

the stages of the history development

tastes of designers

influences of century

hippy style

punk style

Beatles style

 

6. Why should people keep a dress code?

 

They say

casual

formal

style

dress

might

can(not)

encourage

leads to

sloppy work

casual work

increased productivity in work

relaxed atmosphere

 

7. How to look smart?

 

You

She

He

I

look(s) smart

if

colour of your clothes matches the colours of your accessories

your casual dress is or informal events

your dress is simple but beautiful

your tie matches the suit

you don’t wear jeans for a formal party

your dress is tidy

your suit fits you

 

8. How does history of any countries influence fashion?

 

The 1930-40

1950

1960

The late 1960

The early 1970

1980

brought

saw

were

 

a time of

a time of

a time of

 

 

 

age of teenagers

a revolution in clothes

mini-skirts, long boots

famous Beatles style

Hippy flower power

loose maxi-skirts

shoes with long pointed toes, high stiletto heels

the teddy boy (long jackets in bright colors jumpers, wide skirts)

with punk hairstyle (brightly colored make up)

 

 

 

Choosing a career. Jobs and professions

 

1. Why should teenagers (young people) make a right choice of a future job and profession?

 

We

Teenagers

should

must

make a right choice

of a future profession

because

better job opportunities

realization of our (their) ambitions

high living standards

our (their) career

depend(s) on it

 

The right choice

helps

to avoid

backbreaking

monotonous job

un respected job

unprestigious job

tiring job

disappointment

 

2. What can influence the choice of a job or profession?

 

The teenagers’ choice

My choice

The choice of a job

can be

influenced encouraged

by

your friend’s example

personal qualities

the thing you are good at

your ambitions

your abilities

your skills

your bend for a job

the necessity

wish to study further

pressure of your parents, teachers

 

3. What should a person know before choosing a future profession?

 

We

Teenagers

should

must

analyze

know

learn

abilities

skills and experience

what abilities to develop

qualities of jobs, professions

 

We

Teenagers

should

must

analyze

know

learn

advantages

disadvantages of jobs, professions

Jobs

Professions

(name of a job)

is

can be

stressful

dangerous for life

rewarding

tiring

monotorous

depressing

interesting

demanding attention

 

 

Jobs

Professions

(name of a job)

can give a chance

to sociate with people

to work to a timetable

to be disciplined

to meet deadlines

to work shifts

not to be out of work

to get a promotion

to work overtime

to get final rewards

 

4

What qualities o

do

we

people

need

require

to master

to have

certain professions?

 

A nurse

A teacher

A police officer

An accountant

An actress

A secretary

A shop assistant

A telephone operator

needs to be

has to be

should be

requires to be

confident

polite

creative

energetic

caring

accurate

brave

observant

dedicated

knowledgeable

persuasive

understanding

patient

 

because

(name of a job)

takes care of children

gives people information

listens to people’s problems

performs in front of people

faces dangerous situations

helps children to learn things

makes people believe in them

work with papers

 

 

5. How do you think people acquire professional skills? Why?

 

Professional skills

are acquired through

education

experience

 

6. What skills need to be acquired in different jobs and professions?

 

I think

conceptual

administrative

human-relation

technical

skills

need to be acquired

 

Every job has its technical requirements

 

Conceptual

Administrative

Human-relation

Technical

skills

include abilities

analyze

interpret information

to make complex decisions

to use knowledge, tools

to plan ahead

to process paper work

to interact effectively with people

 

The World Round Us

Disasters and Accidents

 

1. What emotions do you experience when you witness a disaster? How did you feel?

 

Everybody

Each person

who

witnessed

(has ever)

see / saw

experienced

natural disaster

man-made disaster

a hurricane

road accident

floods

explosions

an earthquake

had a frightening experience

felt awful

felt exhausted

felt embarrassed

felt shocked

felt nervous

 felt angry

I

We

Any person

usually

sometimes

lose control

freeze in horror

cover with sweat

 

2. How do you save (help) yourself in case of a shipwreck / an earthquake/ a fire?

 

If

flames

a house

a train

a hurricane

burst

collapsed

derailed

swept through

you

we

should

use an alarm button

call for help

use a life belt

cut ropes

use a torch

use a whistle

use a fire extinguisher

 

3. Have you ever been involved in an accident? What should you do to avoid accidents?

 

A car accident happens

when a driver

swerves over

heads down the road

speeds

swerves to avoid hitting

slams on the brakes

crashes into the tree

To avoid

a car accident

an earthquake

road accident

train crash

you

we

should (not)

swerve over

speed down

swerve to avoid hitting

slam on the brakes

crash into the tree

 

Crimes and Communities

 

Which crimes do you consider the most serious problems for the community?

 

Crime(s) which make(s) people

suffer

get hurt

be in danger

is

are

cyber crime

shoplifting

mugging

robbery

pickpocketing

vandalism

burglary

speeding

arson

breaking in a computer to get information

taking smth in the shop

attacking smb to steal smth

stealing money

stealing money from the pocket

causing damage to the things

breaking into the house

driving over the speed

setting fire to smth

 

Travel Time

1. Why do people travel?

 

One of the good things about

One of the benefits of

travelling

is

a traveller

a person

you

see new places

learn about other cultures

experience different lifestyles

experience feeling of of luxury (extreme, relaxation, satisfaction)

admire beauty of scenery

satisfy curyosity

taste local dishes

enjoy new experience

meet new people

 

2. What do travellers experience?

 

While travelling

we

tourists

broaden the mind (selections of sights)

entertain ourselves (themselves)

widen the scope

visit different places

enjoy lots of activities

 

3. What is the reason of a holiday choice?

 

A holiday makers

A traveller(s)

like(s)

are(is)

to have fun

to entertain

influenced by advertisments

limited by a family budget

adventures

 

4. What are advantages and disadvantages of tourism?

 

Sometimes

Usually

tourists

leave rubbish everywhere

are noisy

 

Tourism

bring people closer

bring people no nature

affects people’s outlook

 

5. What kind of holiday do you prefer? Why?

What kind of holiday would suit you?

 

I

prefer

should like

a cruise

because

I love the sea

it is luxurious

it provides lots of activities

(entertainment)

 

I

prefer

 

eco-tourism

to support developing countries

no preserve Nature(environment)

no gain skills in teamwork

no identify sea(nature) life and landmarks

 

I

prefer

should like

to visit modern resorts

because

I

enjoy

relaxation

feeling of luxury

seeing new places

meeting new people

 

I

prefer

should like

to visit ancient sites

because

I

am

interested in

curious

history and architecture

 

Nature lovers

would

be excited with

be suited  with

be provided with

be interested in

promote

to have explotary holiday

to no rafting(camping)

a walking holiday

a beach holiday

a spa holiday

green tourism

different(interesting) activities

educational information

 

Mass Media

 

1. What principles are Media based on?

 

Media

Press

TV

are/is based on

public service accountable to people

 

2. What role do Media play in Britain/Ukraine/any other country?

 

Media

play

inform

challenge

educate

entertain

communicate

 

a central role

the society

 

3. What technology is used to broadcast information?

 

High Tech

Digital transmission

Analogue transmission

Is / are

used for

broadcasting

 

4. What services do Media include?

 

Media

include

TV

Radio (BBC, ITC, Independent Radio)

Teletext

cable transmission

satellite transmission

microwave transmission

press

 

5. What information do/does Media/Press carry?

How do/does press/Media/ journalists cover the events?

What is the role of newspaper journalism?

Newspaper journalists

Press

Media

draw(s) readers to read more about the events

report(s) the facts/truth / important events

distort(S) truth/facts

expose(s) scandals/truth

mislead(s) the public

give(s) reason and justification of the events

exaggerate(s) the significance of the events

write(s) the first draft of the history

report(s) dramatic events

dramatize(s) events to create history

tend(s) to dramatize the events they report

offer(s) general thoughts/objective statements on the events

Address(es) the reader directly

summarize(s) the main topic in an interesting way

 

6. What do you know about the types of the press?

What do Popular / Quality papers concern themselves with?

What are the British press purposes?

What types of papers do readers appeal?

What British newspapers are associated with serious journalism?

 

 

Popular press

 

aims

concentrates on

to entertain readers

to inform readers

to give factual report

to cover major national/international events

to cover political/business/art/sport events

 emotive reporting of feature sex/violence/the Royal family / popstars

 

Quality press/papers

are/is allowed

reflect(s)

comment(s)

report(s)

freedom of expression

political bias

political parties’ opinions

 

Tabloids

Popular papers (The Dailly Mail, The Daily Express, Daily Mirror, The Sun)

arouse the readers curiosity

give eye-catching headlines

give opinion articles

attract the readers by gossips/scandals

have a tendency to give emotive stories (about film stars,

aims to entertain readers

 

 

Science and Technology

 

1. What role does science play (have) in the world?

 

Science

 

 

 

 

Modern science

Modern technology

has

 

makes

arranges

tries

changes(d)

improves(d)

great influence on our life

to prove the facts or theory correctly

make sufficient and sound evidence

facts orderly

to work out theories

our life in many different ways

the living standards, communications

 

 

 

2. What are the aims of science?

 

Science

is

 

 

can

provides

 

improves

promotes

made it possible

 

 

knowledge about the world

an attempt to understand the world

an intellectual enterprise

give knowledge of our environment

with base of modern technology, materials, sources of power

the living standards, communications with new diseases like AIDS

contact between people and government, knowledge and culture

 

to discover and develop new sources of energy

to prolong man’s life

 

 

Tecnology

is

an application of science

methods of research

 

Scientists

make

collect

arrange

try

 

prove

correct and make

investigate

discover

apply

observations

facts in field they work in

facts orderly

to express the connection between the facts

to work out theories

the facts or theory

sufficient and sound evidence

the laws of the universe

secrets of nature

knowledge in practice

 

3. What are advantages disadvantages of scientific discoveries and inventions?

 

Science

Tecnology

accelerate(s)

help(s)

the development of civilization

in cooperation with nature

 

Modern technology

Scientific discoveries

increase(s)

the danger of violent death

the ecological problems

 

4. What new hi-tech are / will be invented / developed?

 

Nanotechnology

Artificial intelligence

are

will be

invented

developed

 

5. How can nanotechnology change our lives?

 

Nanorobots

can

save environment

travel and rebuilt the ozon layer

cure humans

attack cancer cells in smb’s body

be used in chemistry / biology / physics / engineering

 

 

 

 

 

 

6. How can robots improve our lives? How can robots be programmed/used for?

 

Robots

Nanorobots

can

be programmed for

used for

applied in

lift heavy objects

load/unload cargo

medicine

travel in space

carry cameras

collect information

dispose of bombs

gather information from enemies

entertain people

answer the phone

space/deep-sea exploration

 

7. Do you use social networking sites (such as Facebook, MySpace, Twitter)?

Why do you think social networking sites became so popular?

 

People

Teens

Everybody

can

join

share

interact

socialize

different groups based on hobbies interests

different information

in different ways

in sharing music

using social networks

 

8. What is the role of hi-tech / computers in modern society?

 

People all over the world

have

use

access to billions of pages of texts on the internet

search engines to find information

 

Intelligent computers

help

make

people

us

(to) work as scientists / learn/plan

(to) start / to make important discoveries

solve scientific problems

plan

 decide the tasks

 

9. What are advantages and disadvantages of Internet?

 

Internet

is used

gives

provides

 

cuts

as a homework tools

access to lots of information

quick way to find information

a variety of sourses

distances (connect people who are far away)

 

10. What are drawbacks to using Internet?

 

Students

We

don’t

gain

learn

skills as only copy the information

to analyze information they get

 

11. How do you / students use computers?

Students

scan pictures

chat on line

print/type documents

play games

download music

send e-mail

do research

share files

using computers

 

 

Environment

 

1. What are the burning / main environmental problems (conditions each organism require to live and bread)?

 

The burning

The main

The urgent

environmental problems

are

is

overpopulation

lack of resourses

global warming

deforestation

endangered spicies

 

2. What gave a birth to the problem of environment?

 

The achievements of the mankind in

mechanization and automation of industrial processes

chemical industry

conquering outer space

the creation of atomic power stations and ships

gave a birth to

caused

the problem of environment

Scientific and technological progress

 

3. What are the consequences of damaging the environment?

 

The contamination of environment

Acid rain

Over-population in certain areas

Deaths of plant and animals

Chemical contamination of seas, lakes, rivers

Atomic experiments

Dumping of atomic waste

Water shortage

Destroying the ozone layer of the Earth

Destroying soils

Destroying wildlife

Floods

Unexpected draughts

The greenhouse effect

Acid rain(s)

are

is

the consequences of damaging the environment

 

4. Do you know how to preserve / save environment?

We

people

are

must

(to) stop / reduce pollution

(to) grow plants and trees

(to) purify waste

(to) start urgent campaigns in order to preserve environment

(to) conserve the planet’s resources to protect of all animals and plants in danger of extinction

(to) end to the destruction of wildlife and habitats

(to) adopt a program of energy conservation measures

(to) install measures to protect rivers and seas from oil waters, wildlife,

(to) install purifying systems for treatment of industrial waters

 

5. Why is it important to preserve ecology / environment / wildlife clean?

 

We

Everybody

understand(s)

know(s)

how many important

to preserve

to save

wildlife

plants

animals

forests

wetlands

 

It is important

to preserve

to save

wildlife

plants

animals

forests

wetlands

for many reasons

 

Plants

Animals

Forests

provide

us

people

with

food

fuel

shelter

medicine

 

6. What measures should be taken to protect environment?

What should we do to protect environment?

 

We

People

should

must

use

 

 

 

 

 

avoid

recycle

prevent

stop

alternative sourses of energy

forms of energy

solar power

solar panels

power of wind

wind turbines to generate electricity

using fossil fuels

waste products

deforestation

disappearing of wetlands

 

7. How to stop pollution of environment at the national and international level?

How to draw the public attention to environment problems, to influence the government decisions?

 

Different pressure groups

Different groups

Different people

Greenpeace

“Friends of the Earth” (FoE)

try(ies)

to draw the public attention to environment problems

to influence the government decisions

to find solutions to the problems of pollution

 

The aim(s) of

Greenpeace

“Friends of the Earth” (FoE)

is

are

to protect wildlife of toxic wastes, nuclear tests

to protect of all animals and plants in danger of extinction

to put an end to the destruction of wildlife and habitats

to set a program of energy conservation measures

to ban hunting in England and Wales

to indefinite delay in the construction of the Commercial East Breeder Reactor

 

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