Basic word oder in English

Про матеріал
зведена таблиця часів та часових конструкцій (з використанням L1), Active Voice
Перегляд файлу

Basic sentence structure in English

 

AFFIRMATIVE – СТВЕРДЖУВАЛЬНЕ РЕЧЕННЯ

 

 

 

Subject-Підмет

(who/what)-

(хто/що)

Adverb of frequency-

Прислівник частоти

(how often)(як часто)

 

[якщо є]

Verb-Дієслово

(action)-(дія)

Modal+ Verb

Модальне дієслово+ дієслово

[див. пункт 14]

1.

Present Simple (be)

I

He/She/It

We/You/They

 

 

am is  are

 

 

 

Present Simple

 

I/We/You/They He/She/It

 

V

Vs/es

2.

Present Continuous

I

He/She/It

We/You/They

 

 

am 

is + Ving are 

3.

Present Perfect

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

I/ We/You/They

 

He/She/It

 

have

+V3ф

has

Present Perfect

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

I/ We/You/They

 

He/She/It

 

have

+Ved

has

4.

Present Perfect Continuous

I/ We/You/They

 

He/She/It

 

have

+been +Ving has

5.

Past Simple (be)

I/ He/She/It 

We/You/They

 

was were

Past Simple

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

V

Past Simple

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

Ved

6.

Past Continuous

I/ He/She/It 

 

We/You/They

 

was

+ Ving

were

7.

Past Perfect

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

had +    V3ф

 

 

 

Past Perfect

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

had +    Ved

8.

Past Perfect Continuous

I/ We/You/They He/She/It

 

had+been +Ving

9.

Future Simple (will)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

will    +   V

10.

Future Continuous

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

will + be+Ving

11.

Future Perfect

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

will + have + V3ф

Future Perfect

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

will + have +Ved

12.

Future Perfect Continuous

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

will + have + been +Ving

13.

Be going to

I

He/She/It

We/You/They

 

am

is + going to + V are

14.

Modals-

Модальні дієслова

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

can / could / must / had to /  should / may /         + V might / need (to)/ ought to 

I/We/You/They/

 

He/She/It

have to 

+ V has to 

15.

Future-in-the-Past

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

 

would    +V

 

 


NEGATIVE-ЗАПЕРЕЧНЕ РЕЧЕННЯ

 

 

 

Subject-Підмет

(who/what)-

(хто/що)

Auxiliary-допоміжне дієслово +not

Modal+ not

Модальне дієслово+ not

[див. пункт 14]

Verb-Дієслово

(action)-(дія)

1.

Present Simple (be)

I

He/She/It

We/You/They

 

 

 

am

is are

not

 (’m not)

 (isn’t)

 (aren’t)

 

 

 

not

not

Present Simple

 

I/We/You/The He/She/It

do not (don’t) does not (doesn’t)

 

V

2.

Present Continuous

I

He/She/It

We/You/They

am not (’m not) is not (isn’t) are not (aren’t)

 

 

Ving

3.

Present Perfect

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They He/She/It

have not (haven’t) has not (hasn’t)

 

V

Present Perfect

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

I/ We/You/They He/She/It

have not (haven’t) has not (hasn’t)

 

Ved

4.

Present Perfect Continuous

I/ We/You/They He/She/It

have not (haven’t) has not (hasn’t)

 

+been +Ving

5.

Past Simple (be)

I/ He/She/It 

We/You/They

 

 

was were

not

 (wasn’t)

 (weren’t)

not

Past Simple

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

did not (didn’t)

 

V

Past Simple

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

did not (didn’t)

 

V

6.

Past Continuous

I/ He/She/It We/You/They

was not (wasn’t) were not (weren’t)

 

Ving

7.

Past Perfect

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

had not (hadn’t)

 

V

Past Perfect

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

had not (hadn’t)

 

Ved

8.

Past Perfect Continuous

I/ We/You/They He/She/It

had not (hadn’t)

 

been +Ving

 

 

 

9.

Future Simple (will)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

will not (won’t)

 

V

10.

Future Continuous

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

will not (won’t)

 

be+Ving

11.

Future Perfect

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

will not (won’t)

 

have + V3ф

Future Perfect

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

will not (won’t)

 

have +Ved

12.

Future Perfect Continuous

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

will not (won’t)

 

have + been +Ving

13.

Be going to

I

He/She/It

We/You/They

am not (’m not) is not (isn’t) are not (aren’t)

 

going to + V

14.

Modals-

Модальні дієслова

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

can not (cannot=can’t) could not (couldn’t) must not (mustn’t) should not (shouldn’t) did not (didn’t) have to may not might not (mightn’t) ought not (oughtn’t) to  need not (to) (needn’t)

 

V

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

do not (don’t) have to does not (doesn’t) have to

15.

Future-in-the-Past

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

would not (wouldn’t)

 

V

 

 

INTERROGATIVE-ЗАПИТАЛЬНЕ РЕЧЕННЯ

 

 

 

Question word

[якщо є]

Auxiliaryдопоміжне дієслово

Modals- Модальні дієслова

[див. пункт 14]

Subject-Підмет

(who/what)-

(хто/що)

Verb-Дієслово

(action)-(дія)

1.

Present Simple  (be)

 

What

 

What (+noun)

 

Where

 

When

 

Why

 

Which

(+noun)

 

How

 

How often

 

How many / much

 

How old

 

 

 

 

 

 

Am  

Is

Are  

I

He/She/It

We/You/They

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Present Simple

 

Do  Does

I/We/You/They He/She/It

V

2.

Present Continuous

Am

Is  

Are  

I

He/She/It

We/You/They

Ving

3.

Present Perfect

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

Have Has  

I/ We/You/They He/She/It

V

Present Perfect

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

Have Has

I/ We/You/They He/She/It

Ved

4.

Present Perfect  Continuous

Have Has

I/ We/You/They He/She/It

been +Ving

5.

Past Simple  (be)

Was Were

I/ He/She/It We/You/They

 

Past Simple 

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова) 

Did 

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

V

Past Simple 

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

Did 

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

V

6.

Past Continuous

Was Were

I/ He/She/It We/You/They

Ving

7.

Past Perfect

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

Had  

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

V

Past Perfect

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

Had

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

Ved

8.

Past Perfect  Continuous

 

 

 

What

 

What (+noun)

 

Where

 

When

 

Why

 

Which

(+noun)

 

How

 

How often

 

How many / much

 

How old

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Had

I/ We/You/They He/She/It

 

been +Ving

 

 

 

9.

Future Simple (will)

Will  

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

V

10.

Future Continuous

Will

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

be+Ving

11.

Future Perfect

(irregular verbs)-(неправильні дієслова)

Will

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

have + V3ф

Future Perfect

(regular verbs)-(правильні дієслова)

Will

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

have +Ved

12.

Future Perfect  Continuous

Will

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

have + been +Ving

13.

Be going to

Am

Is  

Are

I

He/She/It

We/You/They

going to + V

14.

Modals-

Модальні дієслова

Can  

Could 

Must  

Should

May 

Might

 

I/We/You/They/

He/She/It

V

Ought  Need 

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

to     +     V

Do  Does  

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

have to + V

Did

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

15.

Future-in-the-Past

would  

I/We/You/They/ He/She/It

V

 

 

 

 

pdf
Додав(-ла)
Манейло Юлия
Додано
14 жовтня 2019
Переглядів
77
Оцінка розробки
Відгуки відсутні
Безкоштовний сертифікат
про публікацію авторської розробки
Щоб отримати, додайте розробку

Додати розробку