5 липня о 18:00Вебінар: «Щоденні-3» та «Щоденні-5»: незамінна частина уроку в Новій українській школі

Presentation of New Vocabulary Items

Про матеріал
To know language means to master its structure and words. The first component of " what to teach "is language skills( hearing, speaking , reading and writing). Vocabulary is one of the aspects of the language to be taught in school.
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I would like to introduce the next model of presenting a new vocabulary, in the 4 form. The topic is” Householding”. The aim of the lessons is:

-to present the new words;

-to speak about the housework and to describe the housework people always do at home;

-to consolidate a new vocabulary;

-to make pupils use new words in everyday speech.

In the first lesson in this unit I suggest my pupils looking at the words at the blackboard. Then I make a short dialogue: Do you help your mum about the house? What housework do you like doing?

I read the word and pupils repeat after me three times. I prepare cards with new words and ask the pupils to connect them in order to make word-combinations.

Tidy up

the room

Feed

the pet

Air the

the room

Water

the plants

Do

the ironing

Sweep

the floor

Walk

the pet

Fix

things

Go

shopping

 


 

The pupils make their own sentences and write them down

Next lesson I prepare the text  which contains new words.

Tom’s duties.

I love my mother very much. I like to help her about the house. I like tidying up the room and watering the plants. My mother likes flowers very much. But I don’t like doing the washing up and doing the ironing, that’s why sometimes I ask my sister to help me. I like animals. They are so nice and sweet. We have a parrot at home. Its name is Kiki. It’s bright, small and clever. I like feeding him.

My family is big and friendly and we help each other. My mum usually does the cooking and ironing. My father fixes things. I never go shopping. My father goes shopping on Saturdays.

Of course, I practise the vocabulary through the reading, grammar exercises, games, writing and other activities during the lessons.

For example:

Choose and complete

  1.    There is 1 can of ...a) chocolate b) rice 3) fish
  2.     There are 5 jars of ...a) apples b) jam 3) flour
  3.     There is a pack of ...a) eggs b) juice 3) water
  4. There are 3 cartons of …a) coffee b) jam 3) milk
  5. There are 4 bottles of …a) chicken b) oil  3) oranges
  6. We have got some bags of …a)rice  b) sausages  3) cream

 

 

 

 

Underline the odd one out:

A can of fish, of cola, rice A bottle of water, of oil, of sugar A pack of butter, of eggs, of jam A jar of tomatoes, of mushrooms, of rice A carton of milk, of chocolate, of juice A bag of milk, of cream, of flour

If it is difficult for pupils to remember the word I play a game with them. I ask pupils to say this word quietly then say it loudly, more loudly and more loudly and do this activity in back order.

 

 

 

Tick Tom’s duties:

Water the plants

feed the pet

air the room

sweep the floor

walk the pet

fix things

go shopping

tidy up the room

do the ironing

 

  1. While listening to the text the pupils tick Tom’s duties in the table and their task is to name his duties. 2) To consolidate new words I suggest pupils a poem:

 

Robots

in the year twenty thirty-two,

Imagine the things that robots will do.

They will wash your clothes

And wash your hair,

They will tidy your room

When you are not there.

 

They will wash the dishes.

They will cook the dinner and sweep the floor.

They’ll sew, they’ll iron, they’ll clean, they’ll knit

And no more home work, your robot will do it.

 

 Next time I add some new words on this topic. Presenting the words I use a method of association. I put the stickers with the words on the blackboard.

The first word is a basket. Do you know any words the first part of which is basket? (basketball).

The next word is an apple pie. Do you like an apple pie? Can you cook an apple pie?

The next word is flour. It is pronounced like flower but these words are spelled differently and they have quite different meanings.

The last word is a fridge. To present this word I use a definition : It is in every flat. We put food in the fridge to keep it fresh and good because it is very cold inside. What food do we put in the fridge? Do we put milk (coffee, flour, butter) in the fridge? So now I do not need to translate this word into mother tongue.

The next step is presenting the words: rice, chicken, hungry and thirsty.

I suggest pupils looking at the words in the book. Can you guess what is it? Let’s compare the word rice with Ukrainian word “рис”. These words sounds very similar. It’s easy to remember rice. In picture 2 we see a chicken. We have already met this word. As you see this word refers to alive birds and to the food as well.

To present words hungry and thirsty I use the context synonyms and antonyms. The context may serve as a key to convey the meaning of a new word.

  • It was hot. We have nothing to drink. We were thirsty. Do we need water or bread when we are thirsty?
  • We need water.
  • What do we need when we are thirsty?
  • We need water, (juice)
  • When we have nothing to eat we are hungry. Are you hungry? What do you need? (bread, pizza)

There is no need to turn to the mother tongue as pupil can gasp the meaning of the words from the context.

At the next lesson to present the words: bar, pack, can, bottle, jar, bag, carton I ask pupils to combine these words using a preposition of.

A can of cola, of fish....

A bottle of water...

A pack of...

A bag of...

A jar of...

In order to practise a new vocabulary I use the poems as a warming up

activity.

for example:

Food

Would you like some vegetables? Would you like some peas? Would you like some tomatoes?

Oh, yes please!

 

Would you like some coffee?

Would you like some tea?

Would you like some ice-cream?

Me! Me! Me!

Would you like some medicine?

It can take you grow

Would you like some a spoonful?

No! No! No!

Would you like some a vacation?

There’s one very near.

Would you like a long one?

Yes, about a year please!

I Like

I like fish, I like eggs,

I like cheese and meat,

I like cake and biscuits,

In fact I like to eat

I don’t like milk

I don’t like bread

I don’t like custard

On my head!

 

To sum up the knowledge in this unit I divide pupils into two -three groups and give them the cards with the words to combine the word combinations.

 

A can

of cola

a can

of fish

A bottle

of water

a bottle

of oil

A pack

of butter

a pack

of eggs

A bag

of flour

a bag

of rice

Ajar

of jam

ajar

of tomatoes

 


 

 

Quiz

(to find the correct answer)

  1.   What do you do if the room is dirty?
  1.      do the ironing
  2.      walk the pet
  3.       tidy up the room
  1.     What do you do if there is nothing to eat at home?
  1.      feed the pet
  2.      go shopping
  3.       fix things
  1.     What do you need to make an apple pie?
  1.      lemons, flour, eggs
  2.      apples, flour, eggs
  3.       sweets, flour, carrots
  1.     What do you need if you are hungry?
  1.      lemonade
  2.      pizza
  3.       basket
  1.     What do you need if you are thirsty?
  1.      bananas
  2.      water
  3.       cheese

7. What do you buy in the shop?

  1.      a can of sugar
  2.      a bar of chocolate
  3.       ajar of rice
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До підручника
Англійська мова для загальноосвітніх навчальних закладів 3 клас (Карпюк О. Д.)
Додано
10 листопада 2020
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