The Tower of London. The Tower of London is London’s oldest landmark. It consists of a group of structures built around the central White Tower in the 11th century. It was begun by William the Conqueror in 1078. The Tower of London served as a fortress, a palace, a zoo, a royal mint and a prison. Today it is a national monument and museum.
Trafalgar Square. The best –known square is Trafalgar Square. It was named to commemorate Admiral Lord Nelson’s naval victory over the French at Trafalgar in 1805. The huge Nelson Column towers 56 meters above the square. It is surrounded by fountains designed in 1939 and four huge bronze lions.
The Houses of Parliament. The Houses of Parliament serve as the meeting place of two legislative bodies, the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The buildings are officially called the New Palace of Westminster. The Houses of Parliament has over 1000 rooms and over 3 km of corridors. Laid out they stretch from Parliament to Saint Paul’s Cathedral.
Piccadilly Circus Piccadilly Circus takes its name from a form of collar called a “picadil”. In the center is the statue known as Eros. It was erected in 1892 as a memorial to Lord Shaftesbury. This is the center of London’s West End. All around are theatres, cinemas and restaurants.
St. Paul’s Cathedral. St. Paul’s is the most famous church in London. The great English architect Sir Christopher Wren built the Church between 1675 and 1710 to replace the original St. Paul’s, which was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. The church huge dome towers 111 meters above the ground.