Презентаційні матеріали до теми "Подорож" містять текст про перших мандрівників, сучасні подорожі та які транспортні засоби можна використати для подорожування.
У тексті "Подорож потягом у Британії" розповідається про особливості британської залізниці та потягів і можливості пасажирів.
Презентація містить різні завдання за темою, а саме: відповісти на питання; скласти прислів'я та цитати із поданих слів; заповнити пропуски відповідними словами; доповнити або упорядкувати речення. Наведені деякі поезії, що пропонується вивчити напам'ять.
Подані матеріали допоможуть учням у вивченні та закріпленні матеріалу теми.
Travelling People began to travel ages ago. The very first travelers were explorers who went on trips to find wealth, fame or something else. Their journeys were very dangerous but still people keep on going to the unknown lands. Nowadays it is not as dangerous and much more convenient. Do you want to go somewhere? Hundreds of companies are there to help you. They will take care about your tickets and make all the reservations needed. You don’t speak the language of the country you go to? There are interpreters that will help you.
With modern services you can go around the world. You can choose the means of transport you like: plane, train, ship, bicycle or you can travel hiking. Of course, travelling by air is the fastest and the most convenient way, but it is the most expensive too. Travelling by train is slower then by plane, but it has its advantages. You can see much more interesting places of the country you are travelling through. Modern trains have very comfortable seats. There are also sleeping cars and dining cars which make even the longest journey enjoyable. Speed, comfort and safety are the main advantages of trains and planes. That is why many people prefer them to all other means.
Travelling by sea is very popular. Large ships and small river boats can visit foreign countries and different places of interest within their own country. Travelling by car is very convenient. You needn’t reserve tour tickets. You needn’t carry heavy suitcases. You can stop wherever you wish and spend at any place as much time as you like. Tourism became a very profitable business because people are ready to spend their money for the great opportunity to have a great time learning about new countries, going sightseeing, resting and enjoying themselves.
Vocabulary To travel - мандрувати travelling - подорож tour - тур, поїздка journey - поїздка, подорож trip - подорож, рейс dangerous - небезпечний safety - безпека ticket - квиток unknown lands - невідомі землі to go sightseeing - оглядати визначні пам’ятки to travel hiking - мандрувати пішки train - потяг plane - літак ship - судно, корабель bicycle - велосипед profitable business - вигідний бізнес local ( suburban ) train - приміський потяг carriage - пасажирський вагон compartment - купе lower berth - нижнє місце
Travelling by train in Britain One of the first things a foreigner notices about British railways is the platforms. They are higher than in most parts of the world. The platform is almost on a level with the floor of the carriages. You do not, therefore, have to climb up into a railway carriage in Britain. This makes it a little easier to get in and out of the carriage with your luggage. The trains that go to and from London are very crowded at the times when people are travelling to work, since about a million people travel to London to work each day. There are cheap tickets after a certain time of the day, usually about 9.30 when everyone has gone to work. These are called cheap day return tickets. It is often nearly 50 % cheaper to travel to London after 9.30 than before this time.
On many fast trains to London there is a dining car in which you can buy lunch, dinner or coffee. On others there is a buffet at which it is possible to buy snacks and drinks. Sometimes a waiter from the dining car brings round cups of coffee to the passengers. There are only two classes on British trains – first and second. A first-class ticket costs 50% more than a second-class ticket. On long journeys, there is a ticket inspector, who visits every passenger to see if s/he has the right ticket and is not travelling in the wrong class. In England train passengers seldom converse with their fellow-travellers even on a long journey – this is more a national custom than a matter of etiquette. When the passenger reaches the end of her/his journey and leaves the train, s/he has to give their ticket to the ticket collector at the exit before s/he can leave the station. If the passenger has luggage and ask a porter. The porter does not charge for this service, but he expects a tip.
Answer the following questions 1. What were the first travellers? 2. Were their journeys safe? 3. Why did they go on trip? 4. Is it more convenient to travel now? 5. What means of travel do you know? 6. What is the fastest and the most convenient way of travelling? 7. When did you last travel by railway? 8. What are the advantages of travelling by train? 9. Which is the fastest kind of trains? 10. What is the difference between the local and suburban trains? 11. How many people can travel in a sleeping compartment? 12. Why do some people prefer to have a lower berth? 13. What should people have to get into carriage? 14. Which is better – arriving or leaving? Why? 15. Why is travelling by see very popular? 16. Why is travelling by car very convenient? 17. Is tourism a profitable business? Why?
Exercises 1. Make proverbs and quotations. Складіть прислів’я та цитати Much | travels| he| far | knows | that. A fool |travel| worse |man| a |makes| but | better| wise. The |is| companion |a| journey| wise| half. Flavour | every| its | journey| you | gives own. Life | one| of | travelling| is | way | lengthening.
2. Fill in the blanks with the words: travel, travels or travelling. Заповніть пропуски словами travel, travels, travelling … broadens the mind. Is he back from his … yet . … at night can be dangerous. He is writing a book about his … Air … is becoming very popular. Have you read “The … of Marco Polo”? … was slow in old days. They have been … across the country for a month. “Gulliver’s …” fist came out in 1726.
3. In what kind of transport does each conversation take place? В якому виді транспорту відбувається кожна розмова? Do you think it’s a rough crossing? Can you take us to eastern station, please? That’s all right, you can keep the change. Excuse me, are we landing on time? Which line is for Oxford Circus?
4. Complete the sentences. Доповніть речення 1.One of the first differences is ____. 2.___ than in most parts of the world. 3.The trains that go to and from London ____. 4.These are called ____. 5.On long journeys, there is _____. 6._____ this is more a national custom than a matter of etiquette.
5. Unjumble the sentences Упорядкуйте речення 1.are higher | in Britain| of the | than in most| Platforms | parts | world. 2. tickets|There are| after |of the day| a certain time| cheap. 3. there is| a dining car| On many| to London| fast trains. 4. train passengers| converse| fellow-travellers|In England| with their| seldom.
6. Read the poems about travelling and learn them by heart Прочитайте вірші про подорож та вивчіть їх напам’ять A POEM By John Mansfield One road leads to London, One road runs to Wales, My road leads me seawards To the white dipping sails. One road leads to the river As it goes singing slow, My road leads to shipping Where the bronzed sailors go. My road calls me, lures me West, east, south and north. Most roads lead men homewards, My road leads me forth.
SEA FEVER By John Mansfield I must go down to the sea again, to the lonely sea and the sky. And all I ask is a tall ship and a star to steer her by, And the wheel’s kick and the wind’s song and the white sail’s shaking, And grey mist on the sea’s face and a grey dawn breaking. I must go down to the sea again, for the call of the running tide Is a wild call and a clear call that may not be denied; And all I ask is a windy day with the white clouds flying, And the flung spray and the blown spume, and the seagulls crying. I must go down to the sea again, to the vagrant gypsy life, To the gull’s way and the whale’s way where the wind’s like a whetted knife; And quiet sleep and a sweet dream when the long trick’s over.