Тема: The Internet.
Вид контролю: письмове опитування.
1. Прочитайте та перекладіть письмово текст. Знайдіть англійські еквіваленти даних речень. Розмістіть вказані речення послідовно за змістом тексту:
The Internet, a good computer network which embraces millions of users all over the world, began in the United States in 1969 as a military experiment. It was designed to'Survive a nuclear war. Information sent over the Internet takes the shortest path available from one computer to another. Because of this, any two computers on the Internet will be able to stay in touch with each other as long as there is a single route between them.
Most of the Internet host computers (more than 50%) are in the United States, while the rest are located in more that 100 other countries. Although the number of host computers can be counted fairly accurately, nobody knows exactly how many people use the Internet, there are millions, and their number is growing by thousands each mc-nth worldwide.
The most popular Internet service is e-mail. Most of the people, who have access to the Internet, use the network-only for sending and receiving email messages. However, other popular services are available on the Internet: reading USENET News, using the World-Wide Wed, telnet, FTP, and Gopher.
In many developing countries the Internet may provide businessmen with a reliable alternative to the expensive and unreliable telecommunications systems of these countries. Commercial users can communicate over the Internet with the rest of the world and can do it very cheaply. When they send e-mail messages, they only have to pay for phone call to their local service providers, not for call across their countries or around the world.
But saving money is only the first step. If people see that they can make money from the Internet, commercial use of this network will drastically increase. For example, some western architecture companies and garment centers already transmit their basic design and concepts over the Internet into China, where they are reworked and refined by skilled-but inexpensive-Chinese computer-aided-design specialists.