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FAMILY PROBLEMS,GENERATION GAP

Learning goals: To teach the pupils:

  • to recognize, understand and operate new words and word-combinations when listening, reading the text and doing exercises;
  • to identify main ideas and details from the text for reading;

to speak about FAMILY PROBLEMS,GENERATION GAP

  • to break the ice and foster a safe environment for learning.

Educational goals:

to give the pupils information about FAMILY PROBLEMS,GENERATION GAP

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Lessons 39-40                                                                                                                                                      form 10

Topic:   FAMILY PROBLEMS,GENERATION GAP

Learning goals:   To teach the pupils:

  • to recognize, understand and operate new words and word-combinations when listening,  reading the text and doing exercises;
  • to identify main ideas and details from the text for reading;

to speak about FAMILY PROBLEMS,GENERATION GAP

  • to break the ice and foster a safe environment for learning.

Educational goals:

to give the pupils information  about FAMILY PROBLEMS,GENERATION GAP

Materials and equipment: printed copies of the text, the set of handouts  A WAY TO SUCCESS, EXAM EXCELLENCE

 

   Procedure of the lesson

I. Introduction                                           

1. Greeting

It’s so nice to see all of you today. Take your seats. How are you today? Tell me about your mood… now I see you’re in а good mood and ready to start working. Let’s begin our lesson.

 

Warming-up

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                      

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

II MAIN PART

BEFORE READING

  1. Pay attention to these words. Pick out sentences with these words from the text and translate them.

generation gap, the awkward age, juvenile delinquency, out of sheer boredom, the smart set, gilded youth, to live below the poverty line

  1. Read these international words and try to guess their meaning.

     comment, jeans, clique, sympathetic, alcohol, personal computer, computer club, electronic,  contact, mechanical, emotional, naïve, aggressive, optimistic, principle, aspect

  1. Read out these phrases several times till you remember their meaning.

 

a) in a fearful hurry to grow up;

b) twice their age;

c) to get through a confusion;

d) to get into a bad company;

f) to become stratified;

g) to bring about;

h) under the constant threat of;

i) to question the wisdom and sanity of their elders;

  1. Read the definitions of the words in the box and match the words with the corresponding one.

jealousy, adolescence, vagary, despair, clumsy, inhibit, impressionable, lenient, the awkward age, the smart set, arrogant, harsh, elation

 

► period of life between childhood and maturity;

► those who consider themselves leaders in society;

► mild, indulgent, compassionate;

► strange, unusual act or idea, especially one for which there seems to be no good reason;

► years when adolescence are lacking self-confidence;

► insolent, self-assured;

► receptive, susceptible;

► feeling unhappiness because of the better fortune of others;

► cruel, tough, ruthless;

► prevent, discourage, restrain;

► the state of having lost all hope;

► ungraceful, ungainly.

  1. Combine the words with the help of preposition OF.

 

  1. the vagaries    a. tremendous elation
  2. the most painful part   b. life
  3. lack                  c. juvenile delinquency
  4. moments     d. life-long goals
  5. confusion    e. their souls
  6. a wide spread    f. love
  7. to think     g. World War II
  8. the emptiness    h. well-off parents
  9. children     i. childhood

  10. the constant threat   j. self-confidence

 

  1. Write the three forms of the following verbs.

to grow, to say, to make, to coin, to ape, to emerge, to get, to roam, to spend, to bring, to find, to give, to mean.

  1. Give the plural of:

 

grown-up, child, vagary, serial, teenager, adolescent, Lego, goal, youngster, parent, class, benefit.

  1. Write the derivatives of the following words.

pain, response, to impress, to support, empty, to accept, to feel, to obsess, illusion, to guide, to enjoy, to annihilate, wise.

  1. These words can be used both as verbs and nouns. Make up your own sentences to show the difference in their usage.

comment, coin, hurry, desire, ape, rush, experience, benefit, contact, influence, shed, present,   surprise.

Write the comparative and superlative of the following adjectives.

rude, late, painful, shy, clumsy, supportive, bad, impressionable, naïve, lenient, grave, glorious.

READING

Read the text and get ready to speak about the problems mentioned.

 

GENERATION GAP

 

Old people are always saying that the young are not what they were. The same comment is made from generation to generation and is always true. It has never been truer than it is today.

These days grown-ups describe children as “difficult”, “rude”, “wild” and “irresponsible”. Only some people say that they will grow up to make our country a better place.

 

 

For kids from 8 to 14 a new term “tweens” has recently been coined. They are no longer children nor yet teenagers, just between – tweens. They are said to be a generation in a fearful hurry to grow up. Instead of plying with Barbies and Legos they are interested in the vagaries of love on TV serials. Girls wear provocative make-up. At this very age kids start pairing off. Tweens have got an insatiable desire for the latest in everything – from jeans with labels so that everyone will know that they’ve got the latest staff – to CDs. Kids at their age desperately need to belong and that’s why everything comes down to appearance. They think that having the right “stuff” is the quickest way to acceptance. To parents and teachers they can be a nightmare, aping the hairstyles, clothes and make-up of celebrities twice their age. Experts say that the rush to grow up is due to the mass media. Being raised by single- parent families as well as watching TV, which sucks up most of their free time, can also accelerate the desire of children for being independent and creates behaviour problems.

But the most painful part of childhood is the period when they begin to emerge from it: adolescence or the awkward age. There is a complete lack of self-confidence during this time. Adolescents are overconscious of their appearance and the impression they make on others. They feel shy, awkward and clumsy. Feelings are intense and hearts – easily broken. Teenagers experience moments of tremendous elation and black despair. And besides friends are becoming more and more important these years. At schools there are cliques who decide what is “cool”. Adolescents may rebel violently against parental authority, but this causes them great unhappiness. And they are not always helped to get through a confusion of life in a steady, productive way. But even teenagers with sympathetic and supportive parents can fall in with

bad company.

Most children don’t belong to any clubs and they just start roaming the street after school out of sheer boredom. A lot of them become addicted to drugs and/or alcohol because their life is hollow and they don’t think of life-long goals. They have nothing to fill the emptiness of their souls with. They demand to have all that they see, and regard it as their right to be entertained every waking moment.

And besides our society is becoming more and more stratified. There has appeared a class of rich people and a class of poor people (to be more exact – people leaving below the poverty line). Children of well-off parents consider themselves “the smart set” or “gilded youth”. Their parents give them every material benefit, pocket money any time they ask. A lot of these children have their own brand-new cars and personal computers. It goes without saying that it causes jealousy and the desire to possess the same things on the part of children whose parents are poor and cannot afford it. Such feelings can push teenagers to committing a crime and it leads to a wide spread of juvenile delinquency.

Nowadays children start using computers very early. Tweens and teens are so fascinated by them that they spend hours and hours at their personal computers or a computer clubs. The electronic universe replaces their contacts with friends and dominates their life completely. Obsession with computers brings about a mechanical, disillusioned mentality and inhibits their emotional development.

The heads of youngsters are also being filled with violent pictures they have seen on TV. Children are very naïve and impressionable. And no wonder that they are so aggressive and arrogant in real life. They are thrown into such a harsh world, especially if they live in a city.

 These days a lot of parents think that they should be lenient with their children, they should let them find out about life for themselves, they should leave children to develop their own idea of right and wrong. But it’s a grave mistake. Parents should try to protect their children from possible bad influences and give them clear guidance about right and wrong.

There is no way to predict how today’s children will turn out. Keeping faith in kids is necessary. They are not bad. They are optimistic. They expect to have a better life than their parents’. And grown-ups – if they are prepared to admit it – could learn a thing or two from their children. One of the biggest lessons they could learn is that enjoyment is not “sinful”. Enjoyment is a principle you could apply to all aspects of life. It is not wrong to enjoy your work and enjoy your leisure, to shed restricting inhibitions. It is surely not wrong to live in the present rather than in the past or future. This emphasis on the present is only to be expected because the young have grown up under the constant threat of World War III, which means complete annihilation. This is their “glorious” heritage. Can we be surprised that they question the wisdom and sanity of their elders?

 

COMPREHENSION TASKS

 

 

1. Answer the questions.

 

  1. What comment is usually made about the younger generation?
  2. What epithets do grown-ups use speaking about children?
  3. Does anyone believe that children will make our country a better place to live in?
  4. What term has been coined recently?
  5. Are tweens interested in playing with dolls and toys?
  6. What things do they want to have and why?
  7. Why is the awkward age the most painful part of childhood?
  8. Do teenagers obey their parents?
  9. Teenagers with sympathetic and supportive parents never get in bad company, do they?
  10.  Why do teenagers become addicted to drugs and alcohol?
  11.  What do teens regard as their right?
  12.  What society do we live in?
  13.  Are there any people who live below the poverty line in this country?
  14.  Who belongs to the smart set or gilded youth?
  15.  What can push children from poor families to commit a crime?
  16.  When do children start using computers nowadays?
  17.  What does preoccupation with computers bring about?
  18.  Children are easily influenced by violence on TV, aren’t they?
  19.  How do they behave in real life?
  20.  What do many parents think about upbringing nowadays?
  21.  Are they right?
  22.  What should parents do?
  23.  Is it possible to predict what people today’s children grow up?
  24.  What sort of life do children expect to have?
  25.  What could grown-ups learn from their children?
  26.  Why do young people prefer to live in the present?
  27.  What does World War III mean?

     28. Do young peole have a right to question the wisdom and sanity of their elders?

 

  1. Find synonyms to these words in the text.

 

receptive  susceptive  _________________________

mild   compassionate   _________________________

to imitate  to copy  _________________________

cruel   ruthless  _________________________

to cause  to effect  _________________________

intense  piercing  _________________________

happiness  euphoria  _________________________

envy   discontent  _________________________

monotony  dullness  _________________________

excitement  stimulation  _________________________

 

 

3. Put in the right preposition where necessary.

 

  1. Tweens have got an insatiable desire ……the latest …….everything - ……jeans ……labels so that everyone will know that they’ve got the latest staff - …….CDs.
  2. Adolescents are overconscious …….their appearance and the impression ……they make …….others.
  3. And they are not always helped to get …….a confusion ……life ……a steady productive way.
  4. But even teenagers ……sympathetic and supportive parents can fall ……  ……bad company.
  5. Most children don’t belong ……any clubs and they just start roaming ……the street ……..school ……of sheer ……boredom.
  6. They have nothing to fill the emptiness ……their souls ……..
  7. It goes without saying that it causes …….jealousy and the desire to possess the same things ……the part …..children whose parents are poor and cannot afford it.
  8. Obsession …….computers brings …….a mechanical, disillusioned mentality and inhibits …….their emotional development.
  9. These days a lot ……parents think that they should be lenient …….their children, they should let them find ……..about life ……themselves, they should leave …….children to develop their own idea …….right and wrong.
  10.  This emphasis …….the present is only to be expected because the young have grown ………under the constant threat ……..WW III, which means complete annihilation.

 

4. Choose the best alternative according to the text.

 

  1. The older generation is always grumbling that
    1. the young are just what they were;
    2. the young are not what they were;
    3. the young are much better than they were;

 

  1. The term “tweens” has been coined for kids
    1. from 6 to 12;
    2. from 8 to 16;
    3. from 8 to 14;

 

  1. Tweens are interested in
    1. playing with Barbies and Legos;
    2. watching soap operas on TV;
    3. studying mathematics and physics;

 

  1. At the age of 8 – 14 everything is reduced to
    1. appearance;
    2. profound knowledge;
    3. spiritual values;

 

  1. Experts say that the rush to grow up is due to
    1. the influence of anxious parents and teachers;
    2. the influence of newspapers, magazines and TV;
    3. the influence of bad company and TV;

 

  1. The awkward age is the most unpleasant part of childhood because of
    1. the lack of good opinion of oneself;
    2. the lack of good opinion of other people;
    3. the lack of bad opinion of oneself;

 

  1. A lot of teenagers who roam the streets are addicted to
    1. fresh air;
    2. computers and TV;
    3. drugs and alcohol;

 

  1. Children of well-off parents
    1. live below the poverty line;
    2. are jealous of poor people;
    3. can afford everything;

 

  1. Stratification of our society has led to
    1. a decrease in juvenile delinquency;
    2. an increase in juvenile delinquency;
    3. a decrease in the number of poor people;

 

  1. Mechanical, disillusioned mentality is caused by
    1. obsession with books;
    2. obsession with computers;
    3. obsession with the fine arts

 

  1. Children of today are exposed to
    1. heroism;
    2. ridicule;
    3. violence;
  2. 1) Teenagers are impressionable that’s why
    1. they shouldn’t watch TV at all;
    2. parents shouldn’t buy TV sets and videos;
    3. parents should exercise a stricter control over what they watch;

 

  1. There is a widespread tendency among parents
    1. to be permissive with their kids;
    2. to be strict with their kids;
    3. to be polite with their kids;

 

  1. A lot of parents think that
    1. children shouldn’t develop their own idea of right and wrong;
    2. children should grow and experience on their own;
    3. children should be given clear guidance about right and wrong;

 

  1. The emphasis on the present is only to be expected because the young have grown up under the constant threat of
    1. loss of love;
    2. punishment;
    3. nuclear war.

DISCUSSION

1. Prove that:

  • the mass media cause the rush to grow up;
  • television is full of violence;
  • stratification of society is one of the reasons of juvenile delinquency;
  • most parents are very permissive nowadays.

2. Comment on:

  • the desire of tweens and teens to have the latest in everything;
  • teenagers’ rebel against parental authority;
  • the way most children spend their free time;
  • the consequences of obsession with computers;
  • the reasons of juvenile delinquency.
  1. Imagine that:
  • You have a teenage son/daughter. He/she has entered into the awkward age and your life has turned into a nightmare. Ask a psychologist for help. Write a letter.
  • You are a middle-aged person. You’ve met your old school friend and you start talking about the younger generation. He/she thinks that all of them are arrogant, aggressive and good-for-nothing. But you can’t agree with him/her. Give your points on the issue.

ІІІ. Final part

Homework  

 

 

 

Special Topic:  Generation Gaps

1) Vocabulary  What can you learn from the younger and older generations? What can you teach to the younger and older generations

 

1. Gulf between H  A. when you decide not to have something so you can get something else

2. Anticipate E  B. tending to disagree with what other people tell you

3. Pattern K  C. careful attention to polite behavior and language in formal situations

4. Formality  C  D. when two or more people work together to complete something

5. Sacrifice  A  E. to expect that something will happen and be ready for it

6. Recognition J   F. controlled, directed, or organized from the top; having one leader

7. Skeptical  B  G. a move to a more important job or position in a company or organization

8. Promotion G  H. a difference and lack of understanding between two groups of people

9. Collaborative D  I. to visit informally and spontaneously

10. Emphasis M  J. public respect and thanks for someone's work or achievements

11. The Top-down F K. the regular way in which something happens, develops, or is done

12. Drop in  I   L. a time period when you are not required to work

13. Time off  L  M. special attention or importance

Generation Gaps in the Workplace

The Generation gap is a term popularized in the West during the 1960s, a time when a gulf between  young people and their parents opened up. These differences extended to music, fashion, and politics.  Being aware of generational differences can help you anticipate miscommunications and avoid problems in the workplace and in social settings.

Experts say you should keep in mind these patterns when communicating across generations:

Traditionalists (born 1922-1943) These workers place a lot of value on formality and the top-down chain of command. Respect is also important.  Traditionalists appreciate formal titles instead of first names and scheduling meetings rather than have colleagues drop in.

Baby boomers (born 1943-1960) Baby boomers are the largest generation of workers and they are generally willing to sacrifice for success.  Recognition is important to boomers and they prefer more personable communication.  They also value respect and order.

Generation X (born 1960-1980) A higher divorce rate combined with an increase in working mothers meant many Xers grew up being alone often.  Xers tend to be skeptical, highly individual workers who value a work/life balance. Most would rather be rewarded with extra time off than a promotion.

Millenials (born 1980-2002) Raised by young boomers and older Xers, the first members of this group are just entering the workforce. Millenials are highly collaborative and optimistic. They share Xers' emphasis on work/life balance and are the most comfortable using new technologies.

 

2) Questions

1. What is this article about?

2. What are generation gaps?  Can you describe the characteristics of each generation?

3. Why should you keep in mind the differences between generations when at work? 

4. What are the similarities and differences between generations in Korea?

5. Which generation are you a part of? Do you agree with the description? Why/Why not?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Generation Gaps

1) Vocabulary

 

1. Gulf between  A. when you decide not to have something so you can get something else

2. Anticipate   B. tending to disagree with what other people tell you

3. Pattern   C. careful attention to polite behavior and language in formal situations

4. Formality    D. when two or more people work together to complete something

5. Sacrifice    E. to expect that something will happen and be ready for it

6. Recognition   F. controlled, directed, or organized from the top; having one leader

7. Skeptical    G. a move to a more important job or position in a company or organization

8. Promotion   H. a difference and lack of understanding between two groups of people

9. Collaborative  I. to visit informally and spontaneously

10. Emphasis   J. public respect and thanks for someone's work or achievements

11. The Top-down  K. the regular way in which something happens, develops, or is done

12. Drop in     L. a time period when you are not required to work

13. Time off    M. special attention or importance

Generation Gaps in the Workplace

The Generation gap is a_______popularized in the West during the______, a time when a gulf between  young people and their parents opened up. These differences extended to ______, fashion, and_______.  Being aware of generational differences can help you anticipate ____________________ and avoid problems in the workplace and in social settings.

__________ say you should keep in mind these patterns when communicating across generations:

Traditionalists (born 1922-1943) These workers place a lot of value on formality and the top-down chain of command. __________is also important.  Traditionalists ______________ formal titles instead of first names and scheduling meetings rather than have ________________ drop in.

Baby boomers (born 1943-1960) Baby boomers are the largest generation of workers and they are generally willing to sacrifice for success.  Recognition is important to boomers and they prefer more _______________ communication.  They also value respect and _________.

Generation X (born 1960-1980) A higher _____________ rate combined with an increase in working mothers meant many Xers grew up being alone often.  Xers tend to be skeptical, highly_____________ workers who value a work/life _____________. Most would rather be rewarded with extra time off than a promotion.

Millenials (born 1980-2002) Raised by young boomers and older Xers, the first members of this group are just entering the workforce. Millenials are highly collaborative and_______________. They share Xers' emphasis on work/life balance and are the most comfortable using new ____________________.

 

2) Questions

1. What is this article about?

2. What are generation gaps?  Can you describe the characteristics of each generation?

3. Why should you keep in mind the differences between generations when at work? 

4. What are the differences between generations in Korea?

5. Which generation are you a part of? Do you agree with the description? Why/Why not?

Take a minute to think about your ideas.

Useful Language:  In my opinion..., The way I see it..., I strongly believe that..., I don't agree/I disagree...,

The truth of the matter is..., But what about..., Many people think..., The problem is...

 

1. A) Life is better when you are young.  VS   B) Life is better when you are old.

2. A) Children become adults at age 15.  VS   B) Children are not adults until they are 20.

3. A) Older generations are too conservative and strict. VS B) Younger generations are too immature and selfish.

 

 

 

 

 

Generation Gaps

1) Vocabulary

 

1. Gulf between  A. when you decide not to have something so you can get something else

2. Anticipate   B. tending to disagree with what other people tell you

3. Pattern   C. careful attention to polite behavior and language in formal situations

4. Formality    D. when two or more people work together to complete something

5. Sacrifice    E. to expect that something will happen and be ready for it

6. Recognition   F. controlled, directed, or organized from the top; having one leader

7. Skeptical    G. a move to a more important job or position in a company or organization

8. Promotion   H. a difference and lack of understanding between two groups of people

9. Collaborative  I. to visit informally and spontaneously

10. Emphasis   J. public respect and thanks for someone's work or achievements

11. The Top-down  K. the regular way in which something happens, develops, or is done

12. Drop in     L. a time period when you are not required to work

13. Time off    M. special attention or importance

Generation Gaps in the Workplace

The Generation gap is a_______popularized in the West during the______, a time when a gulf between  young people and their parents opened up. These differences extended to ______, fashion, and_______.  Being aware of generational differences can help you anticipate ____________________ and avoid problems in the workplace and in social settings.

__________ say you should keep in mind these patterns when communicating across generations:

Traditionalists (born 1922-1943) These workers place a lot of value on formality and the top-down chain of command. __________is also important.  Traditionalists ______________ formal titles instead of first names and scheduling meetings rather than have ________________ drop in.

Baby boomers (born 1943-1960) Baby boomers are the largest generation of workers and they are generally willing to sacrifice for success.  Recognition is important to boomers and they prefer more _______________ communication.  They also value respect and _________.

Generation X (born 1960-1980) A higher _____________ rate combined with an increase in working mothers meant many Xers grew up being alone often.  Xers tend to be skeptical, highly_____________ workers who value a work/life _____________. Most would rather be rewarded with extra time off than a promotion.

Millenials (born 1980-2002) Raised by young boomers and older Xers, the first members of this group are just entering the workforce. Millenials are highly collaborative and_______________. They share Xers' emphasis on work/life balance and are the most comfortable using new ____________________.

 

2) Questions

1. What is this article about?

2. What are generation gaps?  Can you describe the characteristics of each generation?

3. Why should you keep in mind the differences between generations when at work? 

4. What are the differences between generations in Korea?

5. Which generation are you a part of? Do you agree with the description? Why/Why not?

Take a minute to think about your ideas.

Useful Language:  In my opinion..., The way I see it..., I strongly believe that..., I don't agree/I disagree...,

The truth of the matter is..., But what about..., Many people think..., The problem is...

 

1. A) Life is better when you are young.  VS   B) Life is better when you are old.

2. A) Children become adults at age 15.  VS   B) Children are not adults until they are 20.

3. A) Older generations are too conservative and strict. VS B) Younger generations are too immature and selfish.

 

 

 

 

 

Generation Gaps

1) Vocabulary

 

1. Gulf between  A. when you decide not to have something so you can get something else

2. Anticipate   B. tending to disagree with what other people tell you

3. Pattern   C. careful attention to polite behavior and language in formal situations

4. Formality    D. when two or more people work together to complete something

5. Sacrifice    E. to expect that something will happen and be ready for it

6. Recognition   F. controlled, directed, or organized from the top; having one leader

7. Skeptical    G. a move to a more important job or position in a company or organization

8. Promotion   H. a difference and lack of understanding between two groups of people

9. Collaborative  I. to visit informally and spontaneously

10. Emphasis   J. public respect and thanks for someone's work or achievements

11. The Top-down  K. the regular way in which something happens, develops, or is done

12. Drop in     L. a time period when you are not required to work

13. Time off    M. special attention or importance

Generation Gaps in the Workplace

The Generation gap is a_______popularized in the West during the______, a time when a gulf between  young people and their parents opened up. These differences extended to ______, fashion, and_______.  Being aware of generational differences can help you anticipate ____________________ and avoid problems in the workplace and in social settings.

__________ say you should keep in mind these patterns when communicating across generations:

Traditionalists (born 1922-1943) These workers place a lot of value on formality and the top-down chain of command. __________is also important.  Traditionalists ______________ formal titles instead of first names and scheduling meetings rather than have ________________ drop in.

Baby boomers (born 1943-1960) Baby boomers are the largest generation of workers and they are generally willing to sacrifice for success.  Recognition is important to boomers and they prefer more _______________ communication.  They also value respect and _________.

Generation X (born 1960-1980) A higher _____________ rate combined with an increase in working mothers meant many Xers grew up being alone often.  Xers tend to be skeptical, highly_____________ workers who value a work/life _____________. Most would rather be rewarded with extra time off than a promotion.

Millenials (born 1980-2002) Raised by young boomers and older Xers, the first members of this group are just entering the workforce. Millenials are highly collaborative and_______________. They share Xers' emphasis on work/life balance and are the most comfortable using new ____________________.

 

2) Questions

1. What is this article about?

2. What are generation gaps?  Can you describe the characteristics of each generation?

3. Why should you keep in mind the differences between generations when at work? 

4. What are the differences between generations in Korea?

5. Which generation are you a part of? Do you agree with the description? Why/Why not?

Take a minute to think about your ideas.

Useful Language:  In my opinion..., The way I see it..., I strongly believe that..., I don't agree/I disagree...,

The truth of the matter is..., But what about..., Many people think..., The problem is...

 

1. A) Life is better when you are young.  VS   B) Life is better when you are old.

2. A) Children become adults at age 15.  VS   B) Children are not adults until they are 20.

3. A) Older generations are too conservative and strict. VS B) Younger generations are too immature and selfish.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Generation Gaps

1) Vocabulary

 

1. Gulf between  A. when you decide not to have something so you can get something else

2. Anticipate   B. tending to disagree with what other people tell you

3. Pattern   C. careful attention to polite behavior and language in formal situations

4. Formality    D. when two or more people work together to complete something

5. Sacrifice    E. to expect that something will happen and be ready for it

6. Recognition   F. controlled, directed, or organized from the top; having one leader

7. Skeptical    G. a move to a more important job or position in a company or organization

8. Promotion   H. a difference and lack of understanding between two groups of people

9. Collaborative  I. to visit informally and spontaneously

10. Emphasis   J. public respect and thanks for someone's work or achievements

11. The Top-down  K. the regular way in which something happens, develops, or is done

12. Drop in     L. a time period when you are not required to work

13. Time off    M. special attention or importance

Generation Gaps in the Workplace

The Generation gap is a_______popularized in the West during the______, a time when a gulf between  young people and their parents opened up. These differences extended to ______, fashion, and_______.  Being aware of generational differences can help you anticipate ____________________ and avoid problems in the workplace and in social settings.

__________ say you should keep in mind these patterns when communicating across generations:

Traditionalists (born 1922-1943) These workers place a lot of value on formality and the top-down chain of command. __________is also important.  Traditionalists ______________ formal titles instead of first names and scheduling meetings rather than have ________________ drop in.

Baby boomers (born 1943-1960) Baby boomers are the largest generation of workers and they are generally willing to sacrifice for success.  Recognition is important to boomers and they prefer more _______________ communication.  They also value respect and _________.

Generation X (born 1960-1980) A higher _____________ rate combined with an increase in working mothers meant many Xers grew up being alone often.  Xers tend to be skeptical, highly_____________ workers who value a work/life _____________. Most would rather be rewarded with extra time off than a promotion.

Millenials (born 1980-2002) Raised by young boomers and older Xers, the first members of this group are just entering the workforce. Millenials are highly collaborative and_______________. They share Xers' emphasis on work/life balance and are the most comfortable using new ____________________.

 

2) Questions

1. What is this article about?

2. What are generation gaps?  Can you describe the characteristics of each generation?

3. Why should you keep in mind the differences between generations when at work? 

4. What are the differences between generations in Korea?

5. Which generation are you a part of? Do you agree with the description? Why/Why not?

Take a minute to think about your ideas.

Useful Language:  In my opinion..., The way I see it..., I strongly believe that..., I don't agree/I disagree...,

The truth of the matter is..., But what about..., Many people think..., The problem is...

 

1. A) Life is better when you are young.  VS   B) Life is better when you are old.

2. A) Children become adults at age 15.  VS   B) Children are not adults until they are 20.

3. A) Older generations are too conservative and strict. VS B) Younger generations are too immature and selfish.

 

 

 

BEFORE READING

Pay attention to these words. Pick out sentences with these words from the text and translate them.

generation gap, the awkward age, juvenile delinquency, out of sheer boredom, the smart set, gilded youth, to live below the poverty line

Read these international words and try to guess their meaning.

     comment, jeans, clique, sympathetic, alcohol, personal computer, computer club, electronic,  contact, mechanical, emotional, naïve, aggressive, optimistic, principle, aspect

Read out these phrases several times till you remember their meaning.

 

a) in a fearful hurry to grow up;

b) twice their age;

c) to get through a confusion;

d) to get into a bad company;

f) to become stratified;

g) to bring about;

h) under the constant threat of;

i) to question the wisdom and sanity of their elders;

Read the definitions of the words in the box and match the words with the corresponding one.

jealousy, adolescence, vagary, despair, clumsy, inhibit, impressionable, lenient, the awkward age, the smart set, arrogant, harsh, elation

 

► period of life between childhood and maturity;

► those who consider themselves leaders in society;

► mild, indulgent, compassionate;

► strange, unusual act or idea, especially one for which there seems to be no good reason;

► years when adolescence are lacking self-confidence;

► insolent, self-assured;

► receptive, susceptible;

► feeling unhappiness because of the better fortune of others;

► cruel, tough, ruthless;

► prevent, discourage, restrain;

► the state of having lost all hope;

► ungraceful, ungainly.

Combine the words with the help of preposition OF.

 

  1. the vagaries    a. tremendous elation
  2. the most painful part   b. life
  3. lack     c. juvenile delinquency
  4. moments     d. life-long goals
  5. confusion    e. their souls
  6. a wide spread    f. love
  7. to think     g. World War II
  8. the emptiness    h. well-off parents
  9. children     i. childhood

10. the constant threat   j. self-confidence

 

Write the three forms of the following verbs.

to grow, to say, to make, to coin, to ape, to emerge, to get, to roam, to spend, to bring, to find, to give, to mean.

Give the plural of:

 

grown-up, child, vagary, serial, teenager, adolescent, Lego, goal, youngster, parent, class, benefit.

Write the derivatives of the following words.

pain, response, to impress, to support, empty, to accept, to feel, to obsess, illusion, to guide, to enjoy, to annihilate, wise.

These words can be used both as verbs and nouns. Make up your own sentences to show the difference in their usage.

comment, coin, hurry, desire, ape, rush, experience, benefit, contact, influence, shed, present,   surprise.

Write the comparative and superlative of the following adjectives.

rude, late, painful, shy, clumsy, supportive, bad, impressionable, naïve, lenient, grave, glorious.

READING

Read the text and get ready to speak about the problems mentioned.

 

GENERATION GAP

 

Old people are always saying that the young are not what they were. The same comment is made from generation to generation and is always true. It has never been truer than it is today.

These days grown-ups describe children as “difficult”, “rude”, “wild” and “irresponsible”. Only some people say that they will grow up to make our country a better place.

 

 

For kids from 8 to 14 a new term “tweens” has recently been coined. They are no longer children nor yet teenagers, just between – tweens. They are said to be a generation in a fearful hurry to grow up. Instead of plying with Barbies and Legos they are interested in the vagaries of love on TV serials. Girls wear provocative make-up. At this very age kids start pairing off. Tweens have got an insatiable desire for the latest in everything – from jeans with labels so that everyone will know that they’ve got the latest staff – to CDs. Kids at their age desperately need to belong and that’s why everything comes down to appearance. They think that having the right “stuff” is the quickest way to acceptance. To parents and teachers they can be a nightmare, aping the hairstyles, clothes and make-up of celebrities twice their age. Experts say that the rush to grow up is due to the mass media. Being raised by single- parent families as well as watching TV, which sucks up most of their free time, can also accelerate the desire of children for being independent and creates behaviour problems.

But the most painful part of childhood is the period when they begin to emerge from it: adolescence or the awkward age. There is a complete lack of self-confidence during this time. Adolescents are overconscious of their appearance and the impression they make on others. They feel shy, awkward and clumsy. Feelings are intense and hearts – easily broken. Teenagers experience moments of tremendous elation and black despair. And besides friends are becoming more and more important these years. At schools there are cliques who decide what is “cool”. Adolescents may rebel violently against parental authority, but this causes them great unhappiness. And they are not always helped to get through a confusion of life in a steady, productive way. But even teenagers with sympathetic and supportive parents can fall in with

bad company.

Most children don’t belong to any clubs and they just start roaming the street after school out of sheer boredom. A lot of them become addicted to drugs and/or alcohol because their life is hollow and they don’t think of life-long goals. They have nothing to fill the emptiness of their souls with. They demand to have all that they see, and regard it as their right to be entertained every waking moment.

And besides our society is becoming more and more stratified. There has appeared a class of rich people and a class of poor people (to be more exact – people leaving below the poverty line). Children of well-off parents consider themselves “the smart set” or “gilded youth”. Their parents give them every material benefit, pocket money any time they ask. A lot of these children have their own brand-new cars and personal computers. It goes without saying that it causes jealousy and the desire to possess the same things on the part of children whose parents are poor and cannot afford it. Such feelings can push teenagers to committing a crime and it leads to a wide spread of juvenile delinquency.

Nowadays children start using computers very early. Tweens and teens are so fascinated by them that they spend hours and hours at their personal computers or a computer clubs. The electronic universe replaces their contacts with friends and dominates their life completely. Obsession with computers brings about a mechanical, disillusioned mentality and inhibits their emotional development.

The heads of youngsters are also being filled with violent pictures they have seen on TV. Children are very naïve and impressionable. And no wonder that they are so aggressive and arrogant in real life. They are thrown into such a harsh world, especially if they live in a city.

 These days a lot of parents think that they should be lenient with their children, they should let them find out about life for themselves, they should leave children to develop their own idea of right and wrong. But it’s a grave mistake. Parents should try to protect their children from possible bad influences and give them clear guidance about right and wrong.

There is no way to predict how today’s children will turn out. Keeping faith in kids is necessary. They are not bad. They are optimistic. They expect to have a better life than their parents’. And grown-ups – if they are prepared to admit it – could learn a thing or two from their children. One of the biggest lessons they could learn is that enjoyment is not “sinful”. Enjoyment is a principle you could apply to all aspects of life. It is not wrong to enjoy your work and enjoy your leisure, to shed restricting inhibitions. It is surely not wrong to live in the present rather than in the past or future. This emphasis on the present is only to be expected because the young have grown up under the constant threat of World War III, which means complete annihilation. This is their “glorious” heritage. Can we be surprised that they question the wisdom and sanity of their elders?

 

COMPREHENSION TASKS

 

 

1. Answer the questions.

 

  1. What comment is usually made about the younger generation?
  2. What epithets do grown-ups use speaking about children?
  3. Does anyone believe that children will make our country a better place to live in?
  4. What term has been coined recently?
  5. Are tweens interested in playing with dolls and toys?
  6. What things do they want to have and why?
  7. Why is the awkward age the most painful part of childhood?
  8. Do teenagers obey their parents?
  9. Teenagers with sympathetic and supportive parents never get in bad company, do they?
  10. Why do teenagers become addicted to drugs and alcohol?
  11. What do teens regard as their right?
  12. What society do we live in?
  13. Are there any people who live below the poverty line in this country?
  14. Who belongs to the smart set or gilded youth?
  15. What can push children from poor families to commit a crime?
  16. When do children start using computers nowadays?
  17. What does preoccupation with computers bring about?
  18. Children are easily influenced by violence on TV, aren’t they?
  19. How do they behave in real life?
  20. What do many parents think about upbringing nowadays?
  21. Are they right?
  22. What should parents do?
  23. Is it possible to predict what people today’s children grow up?
  24. What sort of life do children expect to have?
  25. What could grown-ups learn from their children?
  26. Why do young people prefer to live in the present?
  27. What does World War III mean?
  28. Do young peole have a right to question the wisdom and sanity of their elders?

 

Find synonyms to these words in the text.

 

receptive  susceptive  _________________________

mild   compassionate   _________________________

to imitate  to copy  _________________________

cruel   ruthless  _________________________

to cause  to effect  _________________________

intense  piercing  _________________________

happiness  euphoria  _________________________

envy   discontent  _________________________

monotony  dullness  _________________________

excitement  stimulation  _________________________

 

 

 Put in the right preposition where necessary.

 

  1. Tweens have got an insatiable desire ……the latest …….everything - ……jeans ……labels so that everyone will know that they’ve got the latest staff - …….CDs.
  2. Adolescents are overconscious …….their appearance and the impression ……they make …….others.
  3. And they are not always helped to get …….a confusion ……life ……a steady productive way.
  4. But even teenagers ……sympathetic and supportive parents can fall ……  ……bad company.
  5. Most children don’t belong ……any clubs and they just start roaming ……the street ……..school ……of sheer ……boredom.
  6. They have nothing to fill the emptiness ……their souls ……..
  7. It goes without saying that it causes …….jealousy and the desire to possess the same things ……the part …..children whose parents are poor and cannot afford it.
  8. Obsession …….computers brings …….a mechanical, disillusioned mentality and inhibits …….their emotional development.
  9. These days a lot ……parents think that they should be lenient …….their children, they should let them find ……..about life ……themselves, they should leave …….children to develop their own idea …….right and wrong.
  10. This emphasis …….the present is only to be expected because the young have grown ………under the constant threat ……..WW III, which means complete annihilation.

 

 Choose the best alternative according to the text.

 

  1. The older generation is always grumbling that
    1. the young are just what they were;
    2. the young are not what they were;
    3. the young are much better than they were;

 

  1. The term “tweens” has been coined for kids
    1. from 6 to 12;
    2. from 8 to 16;
    3. from 8 to 14;

 

  1. Tweens are interested in
    1. playing with Barbies and Legos;
    2. watching soap operas on TV;
    3. studying mathematics and physics;

 

  1. At the age of 8 – 14 everything is reduced to
    1. appearance;
    2. profound knowledge;
    3. spiritual values;

 

  1. Experts say that the rush to grow up is due to
    1. the influence of anxious parents and teachers;
    2. the influence of newspapers, magazines and TV;
    3. the influence of bad company and TV;

 

  1. The awkward age is the most unpleasant part of childhood because of
    1. the lack of good opinion of oneself;
    2. the lack of good opinion of other people;
    3. the lack of bad opinion of oneself;

 

  1. A lot of teenagers who roam the streets are addicted to
    1. fresh air;
    2. computers and TV;
    3. drugs and alcohol;

 

  1. Children of well-off parents
    1. live below the poverty line;
    2. are jealous of poor people;
    3. can afford everything;

 

  1. Stratification of our society has led to
    1. a decrease in juvenile delinquency;
    2. an increase in juvenile delinquency;
    3. a decrease in the number of poor people;

 

  1. Mechanical, disillusioned mentality is caused by
    1. obsession with books;
    2. obsession with computers;
    3. obsession with the fine arts

 

  1. Children of today are exposed to
    1. heroism;
    2. ridicule;
    3. violence;
  2. Teenagers are impressionable that’s why
    1. they shouldn’t watch TV at all;
    2. parents shouldn’t buy TV sets and videos;
    3. parents should exercise a stricter control over what they watch;

 

  1. There is a widespread tendency among parents
    1. to be permissive with their kids;
    2. to be strict with their kids;
    3. to be polite with their kids;

 

  1. A lot of parents think that
    1. children shouldn’t develop their own idea of right and wrong;
    2. children should grow and experience on their own;
    3. children should be given clear guidance about right and wrong;

 

  1. The emphasis on the present is only to be expected because the young have grown up under the constant threat of
    1. loss of love;
    2. punishment;
    3. nuclear war.

DISCUSSION

1. Prove that:

  • the mass media cause the rush to grow up;
  • television is full of violence;
  • stratification of society is one of the reasons of juvenile delinquency;
  • most parents are very permissive nowadays.

2. Comment on:

  • the desire of tweens and teens to have the latest in everything;
  • teenagers’ rebel against parental authority;
  • the way most children spend their free time;
  • the consequences of obsession with computers;
  • the reasons of juvenile delinquency.
  1. Imagine that:
  • You have a teenage son/daughter. He/she has entered into the awkward age and your life has turned into a nightmare. Ask a psychologist for help. Write a letter.
  • You are a middle-aged person. You’ve met your old school friend and you start talking about the younger generation. He/she thinks that all of them are arrogant, aggressive and good-for-nothing. But you can’t agree with him/her. Give your points on the issue.

 

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Mynko Tatyana
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