Almost in every culture in the world there is a celebration of thanks for rich harvest. The American Thanksgiving began as a feast of thanksgiving almost four hundred years ago.
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They settled in what is now known as the state of Massachusetts. In 1620, a religious community sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to settle in the New World.
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Their first winter in America was difficult. They arrived too late to grow a rich harvest. Moreover, half the colony died from disease.
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The following spring the Iroquois Indians taught them how to grow corn. Indians showed them also how to grow other crops and how to hunt and fish.
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In the autumn of 1621 they got a beautiful harvest of corn, barley, beans and pumpkins. The colonists had much to be thankful for, so they planned a feast.
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The colonists learned from Indians how to cook cranberries and dishes of corn and pumpkins. Local Indian chief and ninety Indians were present.
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In following years many of the colonists celebrated the harvest with a feast of thanks. After the United States gained independence, Congress recommended one yearly day of thanksgiving for the whole country.
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Авраам Линкольн Then, after the Civil war, Abraham Lincoln suggested the last Thursday in November to be the day of thanksgiving. Джордж Вашингтон Later, George Washington suggested the date November 26 as Thanksgiving Day.
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On Thanksgiving Day, family members gather at the house of an older relative, even if they live far away. All give thanks for everything good they have. Charitable organizations offer traditional meal to the homeless.
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Foods, eaten at the first thanksgiving, have become traditional.
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Other dishes may vary as to region: ham, sweet potatoes, creamed corn. The traditional thanksgiving meal consists of roast turkey stuffed with herb-flavoured bread, cranberry jelly, mashed potatoes, pumpkin pie.
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The year has turned its circle, The seasons come and go. The harvest all is gathered in And chilly north winds blow. Orchards have shared their treasures, The fields, their yellow grain, So open wide the doorway — Thanksgiving comes again!