Правила та вправи "Present Simple"

Про матеріал

Збірка правил у вигляді таблиць, приклади до них та вправи на використання. Підійде як для повторення та закріплення теми. У файлі 3 основні підтеми: to be, to have, jther verbs. А також правило на правильне додавання -s.


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Present Simple

 

Verb to be (Бути (быть))

 

Affirmative (+)

Negative (-)

Question (?)

I

am

am not

Am

He/she/it

is

is not

Is

You/we/they

are

are not

Are

 

Example:

+

  1. I am hungry. – Я є голодний. (Я есть голодный.)
  2. He is a boy. – Він є хлопчик. (Он есть мальчик.)

-

  1. She is not a teacher. – Вона не є вчителем. (Она не есть учителем.)
  2. You are not bad. – Ти не є поганим. (Ты не есть плохой.)

?

  1. Am I free? – Чи я вільний? (Я свободен?)
  2. Are they friends? – Чи вони друзі? (Они друзья?)

 

Exercise:

 

Write down the missing sentences.

 

 

Affirmative

Negative

Question

I

I am hungry.

 

 

You

You are Sam.

 

 

He

 

He is not here.

 

She

 

 

Is she loud?

It

It is okay.

 

 

We

 

 

Are we fine?

You

 

You are not friendly.

 

They

 

 

Are they happy?

 

 

 

 

Present Simple

 

 

Verb to have (Мати (иметь))

 

Affirmative (+)

Negative (-)

Question (?)

I

have got/have

have not got/do not have

Have _ got/Do _ have

He/she/it

has got/has

has not got/does not have

Has _ got/Does _ have

You/we/they

have got/have

have not got/do not have

Have _ got/Do _ have

 

Example:

 

+

 

  1. I have got an apple.  Я маю яблуко. (Я имею яблоко.)

I have an apple.   У мене є яблуко. (У меня есть яблоко.)

 

  1. She has got a dog.  Вона має собаку. (Она имеет собаку.)

She has a dog.   У неї є собака. (У неё есть собака.)

 

-

 

  1. He has not got a book.  Він не має книжки. (Он не имеет книжки.)

He does not have a book. У нього немає книжки. (У него нет книги.)

 

  1. We have not got pens.  Ми не маємо ручок. (Мы не имеем ручек.)

We do not have pens.  У нас немає ручок. (У нас нет ручек.)

 

?

 

  1. Has she got a dress?  Чи вона має сукню? (Имеет ли она платье?)

Does she have a dress?  У неї є сукня? (У неё есть платье?)

 

  1. Have you got a sister?  Чи ти маєш сестру? (Имеешь ли ты сестру?)

Do you have a sister?  У тебе є сестра? (У тебя есть сестра?)

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise:

 

Write down the missing sentences.

 

Have got

 

 

Affirmative

Negative

Question

I

I have got a dog.

 

 

You

You have got a bike.

 

 

He

 

He has not got a beard.

 

She

 

 

Has she got a sister?

It

It has got a window.

 

 

We

 

 

Have we got a car?

You

 

You have not got time.

 

They

 

 

Have they got a toy?

 

 

Have

 

 

Affirmative

Negative

Question

I

I have a dog.

 

 

You

You have a bike.

 

 

He

 

He does not have a beard.

 

She

 

 

Does she have a sister?

It

It has a window.

 

 

We

 

 

Do we have a car?

You

 

You do not have time.

 

They

 

 

Do they have money?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Present Simple

 

Other verbs

(V verb дієслово – глагол) 

 

Affirmative (+)

Negative (-)

Question (?)

I

V

do not V

Do _ V

He/she/it

V+es

does not V

Does _ V

You/we/they

V

do not V

Do _ V

 

Example:

+

  1. I play football. – Я граю у футбол. (Я играю в футбол.)
  2. He rides a bike. – Він катається на велосипеді. (Он катается на велосипеде.)

-

  1. She does not draw. – Вона не малює. (Она не рисует.)
  2. We do not swim. – Ми не плаваємо. (Мы не плаваем.)

?

  1. Do you read books? – Чи ти читаєш книжки? (Ты читаешь книги?)
  2. Does it your dog? – Чи це твоя собака? (Это твоя собака?)

 

Exercise:

 

Write down the missing sentences.

 

 

Affirmative

Negative

Question

I

I play.

 

 

You

You help.

 

 

He

 

He does not answer.

 

She

 

 

Does she sing?

It

It rains.

 

 

We

 

 

Do we dream?

You

 

You do not read.

 

They

 

 

Do they work?

 

 

Present Simple

 

Exceptions in Spelling

 

The 3rd person singular is usually formed by adding s. But there are a few exceptions to the rule:

The verbs can, may, might, must remain the same in all forms. So don't add s.

example: he can, she may, it must

Verbs ending in o or a sibilant (ch, sh, s, x) add es instead of s.

example: do - he does, wash - she washes

A final y after a consonant becomes ie before s.

example: worry - he worries

But: A final y after a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) is not modified.

example: play - he plays

 

Exercise:

 

Write down the third person singular of the following verbs.

  1. I can - he can
  2. I go - he _________
  3. I wish - he _______
  4. I must - he _______
  5. I hurry - he _______
  6. I do - he _________
  7. I may - he ________
  8. I kiss - he _________
  9. I worry - he _______
  10. I teach – he_______

 

Write down the verbs in the third person singular. Note the exceptions in spelling.

  1. I can swim. - She can swim.
  2. I miss the bus. - She _______ the bus.
  3. I know you. - She _______ you.
  4. I sit down. - She _______ down.
  5. I often cry. - She often _______ .
  6. I play chess. - She _______ chess.
  7. I come home. - She _______ home.
  8. I must go now. - She _______ go now.
  9. I fly to Rome every year. - She _______ to Rome every year.
  10. I always do my best. - She always _______ her best.

 

Present Simple

 

Exercise on Affirmative Sentences

Arrange the words to make sentences in simple present.

  1. I / to collect stamps - I collect stamps.
  2. we / to play card games - _________________________________________________________
  3. he / to read comics - _____________________________________________________________
  4. Chris / to sing in a band - __________________________________________________________
  5. we / to have a hamster - __________________________________________________________
  6. Andy and John / to like cola - ______________________________________________________
  7. she / to be nice - ________________________________________________________________
  8. they / to help their parents - _______________________________________________________
  9. the children / to speak English - ____________________________________________________
  10. I / to buy a newspaper every Saturday -______________________________________________

 

Exercise on Negative Sentences

Make negative sentences.

  1. I watch TV. - I do not watch TV.
  2. We play football. - _______________________________________________________________
  3. It is boring. - ____________________________________________________________________
  4. She cleans her room. - ____________________________________________________________
  5. You ride your bike every weekend. - _________________________________________________
  6. Sandy takes nice photos. - _________________________________________________________
  7. They open the windows. - _________________________________________________________
  8. He buys a new CD. - ______________________________________________________________
  9. I am late. - _____________________________________________________________________
  10. She has a cat. -__________________________________________________________________

 

Exercise on Questions

Arrange the words below to make questions.

  1. she / to collect / stickers -  Does she collect stickers?
  2. they / to play / a game -  __________________________________________________________
  3. the cat / to sleep / in the cat's bed -  ________________________________________________
  4. she / often / to dream -  __________________________________________________________
  5. he / to play / streetball -  __________________________________________________________
  6. you / to be / from Paris -  _________________________________________________________
  7. the pupils / to wear / school uniforms -  ______________________________________________
  8. you / to go / to the cinema -  ______________________________________________________
  9. she / to have / friends -  __________________________________________________________
  10. he / to read / books -  ____________________________________________________________

 

 

Exercise on Questions with Interrogatives

Ask for the bold part of the sentence.

 

  1. Julia likes pop-music. -  What does Julia like?
  2. Maria comes from Spain. -  ________________________________________________________
  3. They play in the garden. -  _________________________________________________________
  4. Rick rides his bike. -  _____________________________________________________________
  5. I go to the cinema on Saturdays. -  __________________________________________________
  6. We go to Mallorca because it is warm there. -  ________________________________________
  7. Joe repairs his bike. -  ____________________________________________________________
  8. Robin drives his car carefully. -  ____________________________________________________
  9. Peter runs with his dog every day. -  _________________________________________________
  10. Eric goes to Italy for a holiday. -  ____________________________________________________

 

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