1822 father gave him "the science" in Cyrillic deacon. For two years Taras learned to read and write, and maybe learned some knowledge of arithmetic. He read something and besides the Psalter. After the death of 1823 Mother and 1825 Taras father left an orphan. Some time was a "schoolboy-popyhachem" clerk in Bogor. Even in a small school days Taras captured irresistible passion for drawing. He wanted to "become when anybody hot mediocre painter" and persistently sought in the surrounding villages teacher of drawing. But after several failed attempts back to Kyrylivka where public herds pass and almost rotten year the priest Gregory Kosice.
In late 1828 or early 1829 Taras was taken to court in Vilshana landlord who inherited the illegitimate son V. Engelhardt, adjutant Vilna Military Governor M. Engelhardt. Autumn 1829 Shevchenko accompanies the rolls of the property to Mr. Young Vilna. The list of yard it was recorded able "to room painter."
In his spare Shevchenko Acting Cossack in the master's chambers. And in his spare time from his master secret redraws popular prints. Shevchenko prefer to study painting. Most likely, he briefly studied at John-Baptiste Lampe (1775 - 1837), who since the end of 1829 until the spring of 1830 was in Vilna, or Jan Rustem (? - 1835), professor of painting Vilnius University.
After the outbreak of the Polish uprising of 1830. Vilna military governor was forced to resign. I went to St. Petersburg and his aide Engelhardt. Sometime in late February 1831 traveled to the capital in the rolls of the manor estate and Shevchenko. 1832 Engelhardt take’s Shevchenko four years paint shop master Petersburg V.Shiryaev.
Obviously, 1835 Shevchenko met with a student of the Academy of Arts I. Soshenko. He does everything to somehow ease his fate, introduces Hrebinka and conference secretary of the Academy of Arts Vladimir Grigoryevich that allows Shevchenko attend the drawing classes encourage the Society of Artists (1835). Together with his students Shevchenko involved in the decoration of the Great and other St. Petersburg theaters.
May 21 1838 Shevchenko rank outsiders pupil of the Academy of Arts. He trained under the direction of Karl Briullov, becoming one of his favorite pupils receive silver medals (for the painting "Boy beggar, giving the dog food" (1840), "Gypsy-teller" (1841), "Catherine" (1842) ). The latter was written based on Shevchenko's poem.
Poems Shevchenko started writing yet serf, in his testimony in 1837. Since the first poetic attempts only known poem "causal" and "Bored me seriously - what I do." Several of his poems Shevchenko in 1838 gave Combs for publication Ukrainian almanac "Swallow". But even before the "Swallow" (1841) 18 April 1840 appears first collection Shevchenko - "Kobzar".
A new period of Shevchenko covers the years 1843 - 1847 (under arrest) and is associated with two of his trip to Ukraine. In the name of the collection of autographs, "Three Years" (which includes poetry 1843 - 1845), these years of his life and his poetry is called the period of "three years". To this period belong actually works written in 1846 - 1847 years (before his arrest).
Talked with farmers, met with numerous representatives of Ukrainian intellectuals and educated landowners. First trip Shevchenko in Ukraine continued for about eight months. Leaving from St. Petersburg in May 1843. Poet visited dozens of cities and villages of Ukraine (native Kyrylivka, Kyiv, Poltava, Khortytsya, Chigirin etc.). Taras Shevchenko. Cathedral of St. Alexander, Kiev
In Ukraine, Shevchenko wrote two poetic works - Russian poem “Funeral" (1844 published in "Lighthouse" called "Bestalanny") and the poem “Dug Grave." And, returning to St. Petersburg in late February 1844, He impressed seen in Ukraine wrote a number of works (including the poem "The Dream"), which determined the final his way as a poet.
In the spring of 1845 Shevchenko after providing the Council of the Academy of Arts title artist returns to Ukraine . Again, a lot of traveling ( Poltava , Chernihiv , Kyiv, Volyn, Podillya) , fulfills the Kievan Archaeological Commission , recording folk songs, drawing architectural and historical monuments , portraits and landscapes. From October to December 1845 wrote each other works, " Heretic ", " Blind ", " Hireling" , "Caucasus ", " the dead and the living ..." " Cool yar" , "How to die , bury '( "Will" ), and others . All my poetry 1843 - 1845 's ( except the poem " funeral "), he rewrites the album , which gives the name "Three years ." 1846 creates ballad " Lily " and " Mermaid ", and in 1847 (before his arrest) - poem, " Aspen ". Then he planned a new edition of " poet ", which should have included his work 1843 - 1847 years.
Spring 1846 Kiev Shevchenko met with M.Kostomarov, M. Gulak, M. Savic, O. Markovic and other members of the secret Cyril and Methodius (established in December 1845 - January 1846) and goes to the organization. His work period "three years" had an undeniable impact on the software company. In March 1847. Society was crushed. Arrests began. Shevchenko was arrested April 5 1847., And 17th and brought to St. Petersburg for the investigation was imprisoned in the dungeons III Department.
8 June 1847 Shevchenko brought to Orenburg, Orsk thence to Fortress, where he had to undergo military service. Orsk he broke the king's decree write. His new work, he secretly wrote to the improvised "Every day" copy-books. In late 1849 - early 1850. He rewrote these "slave" in a homemade booklet of poetry, which later was called the "Little Book". Orsk Fortress poet wrote 21 work.
Seven years in strengthening Novopetrovskomu - perhaps the most difficult in the life of the poet. After the death of Nicholas I (February 1855). Poet friends (F. Tolstoy et al.) Began to plead for his release. And just 1 May 1857 been given official permission to release Shevchenko from military service with the establishment followed by surveillance and ban live in the capital. August 2 1857 Shevchenko left the Novopetrovskoho building, intending to settle in St. Petersburg.
In late March 1858 Shevchenko came to St. Petersburg . Literary and artistic community of the capital warmly greeted poet. In his later years he took an active part in public life, speaks at literary soirees , became one of the founders of the Literary Fund , helps to Sunday schools in Ukraine ( is and gives them "primer Yuzhnorussky"). In the summer of 1859 Shevchenko visited Ukraine . Kyrylivka met with the brothers and sisters. Intended to settle in Ukraine . Looked plot to build a house. And 13 July at p. Prokhorovka was arrested . Was released a month later and offered to go to St. Petersburg.
During these years, Shevchenko has worked as an artist, devoting himself almost entirely to the art of etching (1860 Council of the Academy of Arts gave him the title of academician engraving). In January 1860 called "Kobzar" came a collection that consisted of 17 poems written to exile (one cycle only "Psalms of David" fully published for the first time).
Link undermine health Shevchenko. At the beginning of 1861. he fell ill and died on March 10. Shortly before his death, wrote the last verse - "Do not leave us niece." Was buried at the Smolensk Cemetery. Two months later, doing the will of the poet, friends carried his ashes buried in Ukraine and the Chernechey (now Tarasova) mountain near Cannes.