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Урок "The major parts of computer"

Про матеріал

Мета уроку:

Розширити знання учнів про будову комп'ютера,

Удосконалювати навички читання, усного мовлення та письма

Розвивати мислення учнів, творчість, активність, вміння працювати на комп'ютері над презентаціями

Виробляти правильну позицію й погляди на проблеми, що стосуються

користування комп'ютером

Виховувати толерантність до чужої думки

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ДЕРЖАВНИЙ НАВЧАЛЬНИЙ ЗАКЛАД

«Василівський професійний ліцей»

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Методична розробка уроку

на тему:

«The major parts

of computer»

 

 

ПІДГОТУВАЛА:

Викладач іноземної мови

Прокопенко Н.А.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

м. Василівка

лютий, 2013 р.

Тема уроку: The major parts of computer.                               

     Основні частини компютера.

Мета уроку:  

  • Розширити знання учнів про будову комп’ютера,
  • Удосконалювати навички читання, усного мовлення та письма
  •  Розвивати мислення учнів, творчість, активність, вміння працювати на комп’ютері над презентаціями
  •  Виробляти правильну позицію й погляди на проблеми, що стосуються
  • користування комп’ютером
  • Виховувати толерантність до чужої думки

 

Обладнання: Роздавальний матеріал, комп’ютер, мультимедійна дошка

 

                                                               Хід уроку

 

І.  Підготовка до сприйняття іншомовного мовлення.

    1. Організаційний момент

    2. Повідомлення теми, мети уроку

T.:  Good morning everybody! Glad to see you in good health and mood!

Today we are going to speak about the major parts of computer.

 

 3. Введення в іншомовну атмосферу

     Бесіда з учнями

T.: 

  • Do you have a computer at home?
  • How often do you use a computer? (a lot / sometimes / rarely)
  • What do you use your computer for? (to do homework / to play / to spend time pleasantly)
  • Do you use a computer for preparing you school work? (to do homework / to find information for lessons)
  • What is computer?

The computer is a machine for carrying out calculations and performing specified transformations of information, such as sorting, sorting, correlating, retrieving and processing data.

Комп'ютер — це машина для проведення розрахунків і виконання специфічних перетворень інформації, таких як, наприклад, зберігання, сортування, виправлення, відновлення та обробки даних.

ІІ. Основна частина уроку.

1 Multimedia Presentation "What Is a Computer?"

  • A computer is an electronic machine that uses programs. A personal computer is a computer that is used by one person. The computer is a machine for carrying out calculations and performing specified transformations of information, such as storing, sorting, correlating, retrieving and processing data.
  • The major parts of a PC include the motherboard, central processor unit, memory, hard drive and video card.
  • Computer equipment that makes PC work is hardware. Software is a number of computer programs.
  • Computer's parts are:
  • a system block The system block is the core of a computer. Usually it’s a rectangular box placed under your desk. Inside this box are many electronic components that process information.
  • a monitor The monitor displays information in visual form, using text and graphics.
  • a keyboard The keyboard is used mainly for typing text into your computer.
  • a mouse The mouse is a small device used to point and select items on your computer screen.
  • a scanner The scanner is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting, or an object, and converts it to a didgital image.
  • a printer The printer transfers data from a computer onto paper
  • a modem The modem is a device that sends and receives computer information over a telephone line or high-speed cable.
  • a CD-ROM drive The CD-ROM drives use lasers to read data from a CD, and many CD-ROM drives can also write data onto CDs.
  • speakers The speakers are used to play sound.
  • Let’s repeat together:

Monitor

[monitə]

монітор

System block

[sistim blоk]

системний блок

Keyboard

[ki:bo:d]

клавіатура

Mouse

[mаus]

миша

Scanner

[skænə]

сканер

Printer

[printə]

принтер

Modem

[modəm]

модем

speakers

[’spi:kəs]

динаміки

CD-ROM drive

[si di rom draiv]

програвач CD дисків

  • The most important computer program that runs on a computer is the operating system. Microsoft Windows is one of the most widely used personal computer operating systems. It is sold by Microsoft Corporation. Bill Gates is the chairman of Microsoft Corporation. He is the world's richest person.
  • You have a network when two or more computers are connected to each other.

 

T.: Let’s remember what is a computer and its major parts.

Repeat after me: monitor, system block, keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, acoustic system, modem

 

2.2 Writing (Tasks on the cards)

Task 1. Match the words with their translation


  1. motherboard а) принтер
  2. memory b) пароль
  3. video card c) логін
  4. printer d) мережа
  5. scanner є) прилад       
  6. switch on/off f) материнська плата
  7. device g) з'єднувати
  8. network h) пам'ять
  9.   start up і) інструкція,
  10.                                                                     shutdown j) вмикати / вимикати
  11.                                                                     connect k) починати
  12.                                                                     instruction 1) відеокарта
  13.                                                                     login m) сканер 
  14.                                                                     password n) закінчувати

 

        Task 2. Match the word with its definition

 

1. a computer

1-c)

a) computer equipment that makes PC work

2.  password

 

b) a number of computer programs

3.  hardware

 

c) is an electronic machine that uses programs.

4.  software

 

d) two or more computers are connected to each other

5. computer programs

 

e) large lists of instructions for the computers

6. operating system

 

f) a computer that is used by one person

7. drivers

 

g) the most important program that runs a computer

8. a computer user

 

h) mini programs that tell a computer a how to use its hardware

9. a personal computer

 

i) a person who uses a computer

10. network

 

j) the access code

 

Task 3. Complete the sentences.

Use the words: mouse,  2,  a computer virus,  a computer programmer, 104,  hacker

1. A computer program that infects the computer memory or hard disk is _____________.

2. A person who illegally and secretly gets into another person's computer sys­tem is ___________.

3. The standard computer keyboard consist of _______ keys.

4. The standard PC mouse consist of  ________buttons.

5. The use of the ____________ in Windows allows the user to click on icons for programs.

6. The job of ________________________is to write computer programs.

 

III. Заключна частина уроку

 1. Підсумок уроку

 Some of you had a special home task to make a crossword. Now I offer you to guess it.

These words tie together with the word “Computer”

Crossword

 

S

Y

S

T

E

M

*

B

L

O

C

K

 

M

O

N

I

T

O

R

 

M

O

D

E

M

 

 

P

R

I

N

T

E

R

M

O

U

S

E

 

 

J

O

Y

S

T

I

C

K

 

 

K

E

Y

B

O

A

R

D

S

C

A

N

N

E

R

 

 


  1.               In this block live processor,

Help it, but not aggressor.

It something buzzes and sings.

Blink us with one eye.

It is the main not without reason

And named it…

  1.               It shows all on the world;

What draw and write the children,

What play and what sing,

And what send e – mail.

All, what is, show

The computer can’t without it.

  1.               Computers and season

They talk to each other

And for this they need

The point is not known to all.

By phone connects us

I receive a message,

We lead because we have language

On connectively through…

 

 

  1.               Here I click the button

And the paper is filled.

It prints without stopping

Poems, songs and pictures.

And he is quick like a sprinter,

Guess what’s this…

  1.               In its long grey tail

Before the cursor has talent.

6.       And now, friends, guess.

What is handle,

 Two buttons, hook and tail?

  Well it is…

7.      Hundreds keys, different signs;

At first pupils – neboraks

And now one – two – and ready,

Released word.

This is where the fingers of exercise

And all this…

8.      Light hum,

Makes copies skillfully;

Similar to Xerox it a bit.

Guess how the name is it?


 

 2. Домашнє завдання.

Your home task is:

  • to learn the new words;
  • to prepare to the discussion about advantages and disadvantages of using the computer.

 

             Додаток 1

2.2 Writing

Середній рівень  Task 1. Match the words with their translation


  1.                                                                     Motherboard       а)  принтер
  2.                                                                     Memory              b)  пароль
  3.                                                                     video card           c)  логін
  4.                                                                     printer                 d)  мережа
  5.                                                                     scanner                e)  прилад       
  6.                                                                     switch on/off)    f)   материнська плата
  7.                                                                     device                 g)  з'єднувати
  8.                                                                     network h)  пам'ять
  9.                                                                     start up і)   інструкція, команда
  10.                                                                     shutdown j)   вмикати / вимикати
  11.                                                                     connect k)  починати
  12.                                                                     instruction 1)   відеокарта
  13.                                                                     login m) сканер 
  14.                                                                     password n) закінчувати

 

Достатній рівень  Task 2. Match the word with its definition

 

1. a computer

1-c)

a) computer equipment that makes PC work

2.  password

 

b) a number of computer programs

3.  hardware

 

c) is an electronic machine that uses programs.

4.  software

 

d) two or more computers are connected to each other

5. computer programs

 

e) large lists of instructions for the computers

6. operating system

 

f) a computer that is used by one person

7. drivers

 

g) the most important program that runs a computer

8. a computer user

 

h) mini programs that tell a computer a how to use its hardware

9. a personal computer

 

i) a person who uses a computer

10. network

 

j) the access code

 

Високий рівень  Task 3. Complete the sentences.

 

Use the words: mouse,  2,  a computer virus,  a computer programmer, 104,  hacker

1. A computer program that infects the computer memory or hard disk is _____________.

2. A person who illegally and secretly gets into another person's computer sys­tem is ___________.

3. The standard computer keyboard consist of _______ keys.

4. The standard PC mouse consist of  ________buttons.

5. The use of the ____________ in Windows allows the user to click on icons for programs.

6. The job of ________________________is to write computer programs.

             Додаток 2

Crossword

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

C

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 


  1. In this block live processor,

Help it, but not aggressor.

It something buzzes and sings.

Blink us with one eye.

It is the main not without reason

And named it…

 

  1.   It shows all on the world;

What draw and write the children,

What play and what sing,

And what send e – mail.

All, what is, show

The computer can’t without it.

 

  1.   Computers and season

They talk to each other

And for this they need

The point is not known to all.

By phone connects us

I receive a message,

We lead because we have language

On connectively through…

 

  1.   Here I click the button

And the paper is filled.

It prints without stopping

Poems, songs and pictures.

And he is quick like a sprinter,

Guess what’s this…

 

  1.   In its long grey tail

Before the cursor has talent.

 

6.  And now, friends, guess.

What is handle,

Two buttons, hook and tail?

Well it is…

 

7. Hundreds keys, different signs;

At first pupils – neboraks

And now one – two – and ready,

Released word.

This is where the fingers of exercise

And all this…

 

8. Light hum,

Makes copies skillfully;

Similar to Xerox it a bit.

Guess how the name is it?


 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                     Додаток 3

 

 

  1. At the lesson I worked…


  2. With my work at the lesson… I


  3. In my opinion the lesson was…


  4. During the lesson I got…


  5. My mood became…


  6. The material of the lesson was…


  7. The assignment seems to me…

 

I think my today’s mark is…

 

   actively / not actively


   satisfied / not satisfied


   short / long


   tired / not tired


   better / worse

 

   understandable/ not understandable; useful / useless
  

   interesting  / not interesting; easy / difficult

 

11   10   9   8   7   6   5   4   no mark  
 

 

1

 

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