Визначні місця Великобританії

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У цьому міні-підручнику міститься добірка матеріалів про визначні місця Великобританії. На закріплення матеріалу додаються цікаві вправи ("Заверши речення","Добери до малюнків","Знайди другу половинку", "Продовжи діалог" і т.д.)

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Каланчацька загальноосвітня школа І-ІІІ ступенів №2






             Міні – підручник

7 клас

«Places of interest  in London»


                     Вчитель англійської мови: Шаравага М.В.




Exercise 1.

Read a poem and name the famous  sights of London.


London is a busy town,

A capital with a queen and crown,

With a huge glass wheel called the London Eye,

And a big brick clock called the Big Ben by,

A stone made statue of Napoleоn,

Brave and stern,

And a football stadium with tickets to earn,

A shopaholic high street

With a huge bargain signs,

And a big choice of businesses of all the kinds,

An angry and serious prime minister called Gordon Brown,

Who lives on Downing street in London town,

A huge range of schools for children here,

And restaurants or cafes or pubs if you want beer,

An oriental place with shops to buy.





Exercise 2.

Read and translate  some texts about sights of London.



Описание: http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/london/kveen0169s.jpg

Hyde Park, which opened to the public in 1637, is the largest of several royal parks in London that are connected to each other, forming one large green lung in the center of the city. The park is famous for its Speakers' Corner.

     The other parks are the neighboring Kensington Gardens, Green Park and St. James's Park. Hyde Park covers more than 360 acres (142 hectares) and hosts many large events, including celebrations and concerts. It is also a popular place for jogging, swimming, rowing, picnicking and even horse riding.





Описание: http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/london/kveen1030s.jpg


     The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster - officially named Saint Stephen's Tower - is commonly known as the Big Ben. The tower is one of London's most famous landmarks.

     The clock inside the tower was the world's largest when it was installed in the middle of the nineteenth century. The name Big Ben actually refers to the clock's hour bell, the largest of the clock's five bells. The other four are used as quarter bells.

     There were two bells cast as the clock tower's hour bell. A first, sixteen ton weighing bell was cast by John Warner and Sons in 1856. Since the Clock Tower was not yet completed, the bell was hung temporarily in the Palace Yard. The bell soon cracked so it was recast in 1858 in the Whitechapel Bell Foundry as a 13.5 ton bell. Unfortunately soon after this bell was placed in the belfry in July 1859, it cracked as well. This time, instead of yet again recasting the bell, the crack was repaired and a lighter hammer was used to prevent any more cracks. 



Описание: http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/london/kveen1036s.jpg

     The Houses of Parliament, also known as the Palace of Westminster, is the seat of the two parliamentary houses of the United Kingdom: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

     The most famous feature of the Houses of Parliament is its clock tower, known as Big Ben.

     In the middle of the eleventh century, King Edward the Confessor had moved his court to the Palace of Westminster, situated on a central site near the river Thames. In 1265 a parliament was created with two houses: the Lords and the Commons.

     After King Henry VIII moved his court to Whitehall Palace in 1530, the House of Lords continued to meet in Westminster. In 1547 the House of Commons also moved here, confirming Westminster as the central seat of government, a position it still holds today.














Описание: http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/london/kveen0290s.jpg

     The Tower of London was built at the beginning of the eleventh century by William the conqueror. The tower was expanded during the thirteenth century into the fortified complex that we know today. The Tower's most popular attraction is its famous collection of Crown Jewels.

     Construction of the Tower of London was initiated in 1070 by William the Conqueror, shortly after his victory at Hastings in 1066. The Tower was built to enforce the power of the Norman king over the newly conquered land.
     The fortress, strategically located at the Thames, was originally not more than a temporary wooden building which was replaced later by the White Tower. Over time the complex was expanded into a stronghold with about twenty towers.
     Today the Tower of London is best known for its Crown Jewels, but it used to be notorious for the many political opponents of the kings that were locked, tortured and killed in the Tower. The Tower was also a royal residence: several kings lived here, especially during turbulent times when the donjon seemed a lot safer than the palace in Westminster.

                              REGENT’S PARK

Описание: http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/london/kveen1600s.jpg

Part of London since the days of Henry VIII, Regent's Park is one of the largest green areas in the city and home to a variety of attractions. The park is bordered by grand 19th century buildings designed in the so-called Regency architecture.

     The area that would later be known as London's Regent's Park was first appropriated in 1538 by King Henry VIII to be used as hunting grounds. Originally called Marylebone Park, it remained a "royal chase" until 1646 after which it was mainly used as farmland. 

     In 1811, famed architect John Nash added his magic touch, at the request of the Prince Regent, and made the park into what it is today. With 166 hectares to design, Nash had huge plans for Regent's Park. Round in shape, the park would have a canal, lake, and fifty-six planned villas, though just eight were built and only two remain -St. John's Lodge and The Holme. 












Описание: http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/london/kveen1249s.jpg


The majestic St. Paul's Cathedral was built by Christopher Wren between 1675 and 1711. It is one of Europe's largest cathedrals and its dome is only exceeded in size by that of the St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.

     St. Paul's Cathedral has had an eventful history. Five different churches were built at this site. The first church, dedicated to the apostle Paul, dates back to 604 AD, when King Ethelbert of Kent built a wooden church on the summit of one of London's hills for Mellitus, Bishop of the East Saxons. At the end of the seventh century, the church was built in stone by Erkenwald, Bishop of London. 
     In 962 and again in 1087, the cathedral was destroyed by fire, but each time it was rebuilt and expanded. By that time, it had become one of the largest cathedrals in Europe. Renovations and extensions in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries enlarged the cathedral even more.



Описание: http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/london/kveen1590s.jpg

     A modern but already very popular tourist attraction is the London Eye, a giant observation wheel located in the Jubilee Gardens on the South Bank. The 135 meter (443ft) tall structure was built as part of London's millennium celebrations.

     The structure was designed by the architectural team of David Marks and Julia Barfield, husband and wife. They submitted their idea for a large observation wheel as part of a competition to design a landmark for the new millennium.
     None of the entrants won the competition, but the couple pressed on and eventually got the backing of British Airways, who sponsored the project.


              Check yourself.

Exercise 3.

Match the parts of the words combinations:

1. Trafalgar                                    a) Palace

2. Buckingham                               b) Bridge

3. St. Paul’s                                    c) Park

4. Nelson’s                                     d) Theatre

5. the Globe                                    e) Cathedral

6. Tower                                         f) Square

7. Madame Tussauds                      g) Museum 

8. Regent’s                                       h) Column


Exercise 4 .

Complete the text using the words given below:

                      Was, stay, stands ,can, lived, gives

For a long time The Tower of London ___ a fortress, a prison, and a palace. Many queens and kings ___there. In the Tower you ____ see the famous

Beefeaters and ravens. The legend says: ”Only so long as the ravens_____,

 will the White Tower ___”. The raven master is a person who ______them





Exercise 5 .


1. Big Ben is …

a) a radio tone;
b) a famous clock;
c) a famous church.


2. Buckingham Palace is…

a) a home of Royal Family;
b) a place of interest;
c) a fine cathedral.

3. Westminster Abbey is a large…

a) cathedral;
b) palace;
c) church.


4. The Tower of London was…

a) a prison, a church and a cathedral;
b) a fortress, a prison, a palace;
c) a tower, a prison and a palace.


5. Ravens must live in…

a) Westminster Abbey;
b)The Tower of London;
c) Tower Bridge.


6. London stands on the river …

a) Dnipro;

b) Severn;

c) Thames.


7. The Great fire of London was in…

a) 1666;

b) 1777;

c) 1888.


8. The name of architect who built St. Paul’s Cathedral is …

a) Sir Charles Barry;

b) Sir Christopher Wren;

c) Northmore Pugin



9. Which of these places is NOT in London?

a) The Tower;

b) Nelson’s Column;

c) Colosseum.


10. The oldest building in London is…

a) The Houses of Parliament;

b) The Tower of London;

c) The British Museum.





  Exercise 6 .

    Guess «What place of interest is it?»

  • It is a beautiful building with two towers and a very big clock. It is the seat of British government.
  • It is the residence of the Queen of England. It stands in large gardens.
  • It is the most famous of all the historical buildings in London. In different times it was served as a palace, as a prison, as a fortress. Now it is a museum. Ravens live there.
  • It is a very beautiful church. It is very old, it was built 900 years ago. It was s monastery for a long time. Kings and queens have been crowned in this great church. It contains the tombs of many famous people of Great Britain.
  • It is the main square of London. There are fountains in this square. You can see a very high column to some famous English admiral.


Exercise 7.

Choose the word from the box and write under the correct picture.











taxi 2london bridgebus 2Queen Elizabeth     




Big Bentower of londonlongon eye 1 






Buckingham - and place aroundunderground 4houses of parliament 2

nelson 1guardwestminster abbeyTrafalgar_Square












Exercise 8.


Match the pictures with their descriptions and name the sights.



Описание: tower

Описание: odeon_

Описание: StatueOfVictoria 


Описание: Вестминстерское аббатство


  1. It's a royal church. Many English kings and queens and other famous people are buried there. This is where the coronation takes place.
  2. This monument is situated in front of Buckingham Palace.
  3. One of the greatest English churches, built by the famous English architect Sir Christopher Wren.
  4. William the Conqueror built it. It was a fortress and a royal palace. Later it was a prison and even a zoo. Now it is a museum.
  5. It's a place wh ere the Prime Minister lives.
  6. The financial centre of London.
  7. The best cinema in London.
  8. The memorial that is in the centre of Trafalgar Square.
  9. It’s the geographical centre of London. On the column in the centre there is a statue of Admiral Nelson who defeated the French at the battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
  10. It’s to the left of Trafalgar Square. It has a fine collection of European paintings. It’s the London home of the Queen. When the national flag is flying on the top she is at home.
  11. London has also many parks and gardens. It’s the best known It is a very democratic park. In the park anyone can stand up and say what they want. 
  12. It is the seat of the British Government. And Big Ben is one of the most famous clocks in the world.

Описание: city-dragon


Описание: nelsons_column_trafalgar_square_london


Описание: cathedral


Описание: гайдпарк

Описание: Трафальгарская-площадьОписание: london17 



Описание: Описание: E:\ГРАФИКА\PNG PICTURES\TOPICS\СТРАНЫ И НАЦИОНАЛЬНОСТИ\london\timel020.thm.jpgОписание: BuckinghamPalaceFromLondonEye 

10 Downing Street10 Downing Street




Exercise 9.

Робота в парах. Діалогічне мовлення.

Imagine you and your friend are in London. Ask him \her what he\she is going to visit

- What are you going to do on Monday (Tuesday…)?

- I am going to visit (Trafalgar Square).





































3 листопада 2018
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