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Презентація "Засоби індивідуального захисту"

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Презентація "Засоби індивідуального захисту"(Personal Protective Eqipment" розроблена для використання на уроках з англійської мови за професійним спрямуванням в професійно технічних навчальних закладах.
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Eye and Face Protection

Potential Incidences of Eye/Face Hazards

Object Striking Eyes

—  Dusts, Powders, Fumes, and Mists

     imageSmall particles of matter can enter your eyes and damage them. Operations such as grinding, chiseling, sanding, hammering, and spraying can create small airborne particles

Contact with Chemicals

—  Toxic Gases, Vapors, and Liquids

     Toxic chemicals in the form of gases, vapors, and liquids can damage your eyes. Always read the appropriate MSDS before working with any hazardous material.

Always check with your supervisor or safety manager to learn the type of eye or face protection you will need to use in order to work safely

Eye and Face Protection

Potential Incidences of Eye/Face Hazards

Swinging Objects

Large objects such as:

1.   swinging chains, cables and ropes;

2.   tools that are thrown or fall;

Thermal and Radiation Hazards

image Operations such as welding, metal cutting, and working around furnaces can expose your eyes to heat, glare, ultraviolet, and infrared radiation

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Eye and Face Protection

Elimination or Control of Hazards

— Safe Work Practices

Read and follow all warnings and precautions that may be found on equipment and hazardous materials

Do not throw tools or participate in horseplay

Keep sharp or pointed objects away from your eyes

image Follow your supervisor's or safety manager's suggestions and recommendations for working safely

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Eye and Face Protection

Care of Eye Protection Equipment

ž  Clean your eye protection equipment. You can usually use mild soap and water

— Never use abrasive soaps, rough paper, or cloth towels

ž  Keep PPE in good working condition — If damaged, replace as soon as possible

ž  Store your eye protection equipment in a sanitary, cool, dry area away from moisture

ž  Read the manufacturer's directions and warnings before using any eye protection equipment

ž  imageIf you have any questions concerning your eye protection equipment, talk with your supervisor or safety manager

Head Protection

Why is Head Protection Important? ž In and around your head are:

—  Your eyes, with which you see

—  Your ears, with which you hear

—  Your nose, with which you smell

—  Your mouth, with which you eat and speak

—  Your brain, with which you think

imagež Injuries to the head are very serious. For this reason, head protection and safety are very important .

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Head Protection

Potential Incidences of Head Hazards

— Impact

Falling or flying objects

falling or walking into hard objects

injuries include neck sprains, concussions, and skull fractures

— Electric Shock

Live exposed electric wires

Injuries include electrical shocks and burns — Drips

image Toxic liquids such as acids, caustics, and molten metals can irritate and burn the head/scalp.

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Head Protection

Proper use and care of hard hat

ž  Always wear your hard hat while you are working in areas where there are potential head hazards

ž  Adjust the suspension inside your hard hat so that the hat sits comfortably, but securely on your head

ž  imageInspect the shell of your hard hat for cracks, gouges, and dents. Inspect the suspension system for frayed or broken straps. If your hard hat needs to be repaired, have it repaired    immediately or ask your employer for a new one

ž  Place plastic (non-metal) reflective tape on hat if working at night

ž  Never paint, scratch or drill "air holes" in your hard hat

ž  Never carry personal belongings such as cigarettes, lighters, or pens in your hard hat

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Hand Protection

Potential Incidences of Hand Hazards

žContact Injuries

image— Coming into contact with caustic or toxic chemicals, biological substances, electrical sources, or extremely cold or hot objects can irritate or burn your hands

WARNING: Toxic substances are poisonous substances that can be absorbed through your skin and enter your body.

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Hand Protection

Proper Fit and Use of PPE

ž  imageSelect and use the right kind of glove for the job you are going to be performing

—  Check fit, always use correct size

—  Make sure chemical resistant to chemical being used

ž  Inspect your gloves before you use them

—  Remove any rings, watches, or bracelets that might cut or tear your gloves

—  Look for holes and cracks that might leak

—  Replace gloves that are worn or torn

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imageARM PROTECTION

ž  Gauntlets for workers handling corrosive substances, such as acids and caustics, shall be made of natural rubber, synthetic rubber


or pliable plastic material resistant to corrosion.

ž  Gauntlets for protecting workers against the action of toxic, irritating or infectious substances shall:

(1)      cover the forearm as much as possible,

(2)      have a close fit at the upper end and

(3)      not have the slightest break. Gloves torn during use shall be replaced immediately

GAUNTLETS – gloves, w/c are closed-fittings to the hands


Safety Belts, Life Lines and Safety Nets

1)           imageWorkmen working in unguarded surface above open pits or tanks, steep slopes, moving machinery and similar locations, or working from unguarded surfaces six (6) meters (20 ft.) or more above water or ground, temporary or permanent floor platform, scaffold construction or where otherwise exposed to the possibility of falls hazardous to life or limb, shall be secured by safety belts and life lines. In situations where safety belts and life lines in guarded platforms and scaffolds or temporary floors are not feasible, safety nets shall be provided and installed.

2)           Window washers or cleaners working outside buildings six (6) meters (20 ft.) or more above the ground or other surfaces unless protected from falling by other means, shall use safety belts attached to suitable anchors.

3.)    Workmen entering a sewer, flue, duct, or other similarly confined places shall be provided and required to wear safety belts with life lines attached and held by another person stationed at the opening ready to respond to agreed signals.

4.)    imageWorkers who are required to climb and work on top of poles six (6) meters or more shall use safety belts. On top of structures where there is no place to strap a safety belt, a messenger line shall be installed for strapping the safety belt or life line.

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Foot Protection

Proper Fit and Use of PPE

ž   imageSelect and use the right kind of footwear for the job you are going to be performing. Footwear should meet or exceed the standards set by ANSI (ANSI

Z41-1991) — Proper fit

—  Correct protection for job task

ž   Inspect your footwear before you use them

—  Look for holes and cracks that might leak

—  Replace footwear that are worn or torn

ž   When working with chemicals

—  hose your footwear with water to rinse away any chemicals or dirt before removing your footwear

ž   Store footwear in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated area

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Додано
22 листопада 2020
Переглядів
163
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